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Tang G.,Smart Grid Research Institute Beijing China | He Z.,Smart Grid Research Institute Beijing China | Zha K.,Smart Grid Research Institute Beijing China | Luo X.,Smart Grid Research Institute Beijing China | And 3 more authors.
International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems | Year: 2016

Electrical type tests are a key step to verify the design of voltage source converter valves for a specific modular multilevel converter (MMC) high-voltage direct current (HVDC) project. For a high-power handling capability of modern insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT), it is very difficult to balance between type test quality and test rig investment. In compliance with IEC 62501 and CIGRE 447 requirement, this paper presents a kind of synthetic test circuits (STCs), consisting of a steady-state test circuit, an IGBT overcurrent turn-off test circuit, and a short-circuit current test circuit, used for operational tests on MMC-based IGBT valve sections. Using the STCs, the current stress, the voltage stress, the junction temperature, di/dt, the performance of the valve's electronic circuits, and the protection capability of the parallel thyristor can be validated. Further, the parameters of the test circuits can be adjusted with the number of submodules of the MMC test valve. Thus, the STCs are an economical alternative for testing a representative part of an MMC valve. The paper describes and discusses the type tests, completely performed with the three test circuits, on MMC valves for a Xiamen MMC HVDC scheme, which is rated at 1000MW/±320kV. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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