Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-20-2014 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2015
ENTRUST provides mapping of Europes energy system (key actors & their intersections, technologies, markets, policies, innovations) and an in-depth understanding of how human behaviour around energy is shaped by both technological systems and socio-demographic factors (esp. gender, age and socio-economic status). New understandings of energy-related practices and an intersectional approach to the socio-demographic factors in energy use will be deployed to enhance stakeholder engagement in Europes energy transition. The role of gender will be illuminated by intersectional analyses of energy-related behaviour & attitudes towards energy technologies, which will assess how multiple identities and social positions, combine to shape practices. These analyses will be integrated within a transitions management framework which takes account of the complex meshing of human values and identities with technological systems. The third key paradigm informing the research is the concept of energy citizenship, with a key goal of ENTRUST being to enable individuals overcome barriers of gender, age and socio-economic status to become active participants in their own energy transitions. Central to the project will be an in-depth engagement with 5 very different communities across the continent, who will be invited to be co-designers of their own energy transition. The consortium brings a diverse array of expertise to bear in assisting and reflexively monitoring these communities as they work to transform their energy behaviours, generating innovative transition pathways and business models capable of being replicated elsewhere in Europe. Deliverables will include a policy tool-kit incorporating contemporary best practice in promoting energy transitions at a Europe-wide level; a suite of innovative transition pathways and community engagement tools designed to stimulate dialogue and break down barriers to behaviour change and the adoption new technologies at a community level.
Smart Energy and Ezconn Corporation | Date: 2015-12-18
A heat exchanger is configured to be arranged on a first housing of an electronic device, wherein the first housing has a top surface and a sidewall neighboring on the top surface, wherein the first housing has multiple first metal sheets protruding from the sidewall of the first housing. The heat exchanger includes a second housing configured to be mounted to the first housing, wherein a first opening is at a bottom of the second housing and configured to have the electronic device extend into an inner space in the second housing through the first opening, and a second opening is at a wall of the second housing and communicates with the inner space. The heat exchanger includes multiple second metal sheets in the inner space, wherein the second metal sheets are configured to be arranged over the top surface of the first housing, and a first heater in the inner space and thermally connected to the second metal sheets.
Zhang R.,Smart Energy |
Chung H.S.-H.,Smart Energy
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2014
A modular and scalable structure that can perform current-balancing multiple LED strings is presented. The current-balancing function is accomplished by connecting multiple transformers in a daisy chain-the primary and secondary windings of each transformer are connected to two different modules, and thus the two module currents are mutually coupled. The modules are shared with the same input, derived from the output of a switching network, and each module is used to drive an LED string. When there is a fault occurred in a string, such as open-or short-circuit of any LED, such string will be disconnected from the corresponding module. As the output voltage of the module will then increase under such situation, an energy-recycling circuit with each module having an OR-ing diode connected to its input will be activated to clamp the module voltage by recycling energy back to the source. Thus, the faulty string(s) will not affect the normal operation of the healthy strings. A prototype with seven 1 W LED strings has been built and evaluated. Experimental results show that the string current has less than ±1% variation under different dimming levels, string voltage variation of ±30%, and faulty operations in some LED string(s). © 2013 IEEE.
Smart Energy | Date: 2013-11-28
A method for correcting long-term phase drift of a crystal oscillator in a numerically-controlled oscillator is described. The method includes determining the phase error in an oscillator signal in comparison with an external time base; delta-sigma modulating the phase error to generate a delta-sigma error bitstream; conditionally adding or subtracting an error correction step size from a phase increment value in each clock cycle based on the delta-sigma error bitstream, to create a modulated phase increment value; and adding the modulated phase increment value to a phase accumulator to generate an error-corrected output digital signal. The delta-sigma-based error correction method avoids the use of multipliers. The same delta-sigma error signal can be used in multiple numerically-controlled oscillators configured to different output frequency if driven by the same reference oscillator.
Smart Energy | Date: 2015-02-20
An apparatus for detecting energy consumption in a local power supply system having at least one central line and a plurality of sublines branching from the central line and connected to consumers includes at least one detection unit for centrally detecting the individual energy consumptions of the individual consumers, the detection unit having an analog-to-digital converter detecting electric voltage on the central line. An analog input of the analog-to-digital converter is connected to the central line. The detection unit has a plurality of input channels, each input channel being coupled to a measuring transformer integrated into one of the sublines for measuring the flow of current through said subline. The detection unit is configured to successively sample the input channels and determine individual energy consumptions in each subline based on measured current flow through sublines and detected voltage on the central line.
Smart Energy | Date: 2014-05-24
A power generation apparatus (1, 1a) using wave energy conversion by gravity includes a sealed body (10, 10a), a rotor (20, 20a), a gear box (30,30a), a power generation motor (40, 40a), and a pontoon (50, 50a). The rotor (20, 20a), disposed in the sealed body (10, 10a), includes an eccentric disk (21, 21a), a plurality of rollers (22, 22a) and a rotating shaft (23, 23a) penetrating through the eccentric disk (21, 21a). A center of gravity of the eccentric disk (21, 21a) is disposed with an offset to that of the sealed body (10, 10a). The gear box (31) is driven by the rotating shaft (23, 23a). The power generation motor (40, 40a) is driven by the gear box (31) to rotate and generate electric power.
Smart Energy | Date: 2014-05-24
A power generating device utilizing oscillating water for converting into wave power (1) includes: a power generating tank (10) formed with a first chamber (11), a second chamber (12) and a communicating hole (13); a quantitative liquid (20) filled in the first chamber (11) and the second chamber (12); a resonating member (30), having one end communicated with the first chamber (11) and the other end disposed in a wave (2); a quantitative gas (40) filled between the first chamber (11) and the resonating member (30); and a driving member (50, 50, 50) pushed by the quantitative liquid (20). Accordingly, during the reciprocal movement of the wave (2), the quantitative gas (40) is pushed and squeezed thereby enabling the quantitative liquid (20) to push the driving member (50, 50, 50) so as to generate power.
Smart Energy | Date: 2013-03-06
A solar module comprising at least a plurality of lamellar solar panels, which are mounted pivotably, about a common axis, on an elongate support and can be and which can be moved between a first position, in which they are disposed on top of each other substantially congruently and parallel to the support, and a second position, in which they lie substantially next to each other in a fanned out manner about the aforementioned axis, wherein the support can be pivoted out of a housing, which accommodates the support together with the solar panels in the first position of the panels, characterized in that the solar module comprises two supports of the aforementioned type equipped with solar panels in the manner described, wherein the two supports are pivotably hinged at the diametrical longitudinal ends of an elongate base support, which is mounted rotatably, about an approximately vertical axis, in the housing.
Smart Energy | Date: 2016-01-14
A controlled vent assembly is provided, which may be extended to support various duct sizes using a combination of a base unit and two types of extensions, and crutches. The extensions may provide additional functions or capacities in addition to size adjustment.
Smart Energy | Date: 2014-01-20
Disclosed is a solar module, comprising a plurality of lamellar solar panels, which are mounted on a common axis so as to be able to pivot between a first position, in which they are positioned one on top of the other in a substantially coincident manner, and a second position, in which they are fanned out substantially adjacently, wherein, of every two adjacent solar panels, only the axis-side end section of the one solar panel has at least one guide and only the axis-side end section of the other solar panel has two stops which interact with the guide and are spaced from each other in the tangential direction, and wherein the solar panels are spaced from each other in the fanned out second position in their radially projecting sections that adjoin the aforementioned end sections.