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Ye Y.,West Virginia University | Li T.,Florida International University | Shen H.,Smart Devices
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology | Year: 2015

In recent years, crimes against children and cases of missing children have increased at a high rate. Therefore, there is an urgent need for safety support systems to prevent crimes against children or for antiloss, especially when parents are not with their children, such as to and from school. However, existing children's tracking systems are not smart enough to provide the safety supports, as they simply locate the children's positions without offering any notification to parents that their children may be in danger. In addition, there is limited research on children's tracking and their antiloss. In this article, based on location histories, we introduce novel notions of children's life patterns that capture their general lifestyles and regularities, and develop an intelligent data mining framework to learn the safe regions and safe routes of children on the cloud side. When the children may be in danger, their parents will receive automatic notifications from the cloud. Wealso propose an effective energy-efficient positioning scheme that leverages the location tracking accuracy of the children while keeping energy overhead low by using a hybrid global positioning system and a global system for mobile communications. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt in applying data mining techniques to applications designed for children's safety. Our proposed techniques have been incorporated into Soter, a children's safeguard system that is used to provide cloud service for smart bracelets produced by Qihoo. The case studies on real smart bracelet users of Qihoo demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed methods and Soter for children's safety. © 2015 ACM.

Stanton M.M.,Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (Stuttgart) | Samitier J.,Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC | Samitier J.,CIBER ISCIII | Samitier J.,University of Barcelona | And 3 more authors.
Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology | Year: 2015

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting has recently emerged as an extension of 3D material printing, by using biocompatible or cellular components to build structures in an additive, layer-by-layer methodology for encapsulation and culture of cells. These 3D systems allow for cell culture in a suspension for formation of highly organized tissue or controlled spatial orientation of cell environments. The in vitro 3D cellular environments simulate the complexity of an in vivo environment and natural extracellular matrices (ECM). This paper will focus on bioprinting utilizing hydrogels as 3D scaffolds. Hydrogels are advantageous for cell culture as they are highly permeable to cell culture media, nutrients, and waste products generated during metabolic cell processes. They have the ability to be fabricated in customized shapes with various material properties with dimensions at the micron scale. 3D hydrogels are a reliable method for biocompatible 3D printing and have applications in tissue engineering, drug screening, and organ on a chip models. © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

A system for predicting, communicating, displaying and utilizing data that is relevant to the distributed power generation and usage of electricity service via means that are easy to obtain, easy to interpret, and inexpensive.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Smart - Development of Prototype | Award Amount: 96.63K | Year: 2012

Every year in the UK alone over 1 million people attend Hospital A&E departments suffering from head injuries which can lead to severe brain injury. People can also suffer brain injury if they have a stroke, disease or during intensive care. Pupil monitoring is critically important in the acutely ill patient, it is a regular diagnostic feature in pre-hospital (paramedic), intensive (ITU) and high-dependency (HDU) care. It is part of an important neurological observation routine and a measurement clinicians use to regularly assess a patient as the pupils’ size and reaction to light gives an indication or early diagnosis of potential brain trauma in injured or post operative patients. Pupil response is the only assessment of human condition that is still measured by another human. Current practice is for a Doctor or Nurse to measure pupil size & dilation manually by shining light (using a pen torch) into patients’ eyes - an assessment subjectively affected by their judgement, training, their own eye sight and the light levels around them. The measurement is not accurately quantified and hence cannot be referenced and compared by other clinicians (for example) throughout the patient admission/treatment process. Failing torch batteries and bulbs also impair this critical life threatening diagnosis. Hence the clinical need for improved monitoring and assessment of pupil response was identified and investigated by Newcastle NHS Freeman Hospital Trust. They conceptualised a device obtaining two patents granted on electronically measuring and recording the size and rate of dilatation of a patients’ pupils. It developed a simple prototype and looked to license the technology. ViVO Smart Medical Devices secured an exclusive worldwide license to develop and commercialise this innovative concept - to be called a Pupiloscope. The aim of the project is to develop the Pupiloscope as an important medical diagnostic device for use in the NHS & Global Healthcare Market.

News Article | October 6, 2012
Site: mashable.com

It may not have been a good week for Big Bird, but it was a good one for Detroit Tigers infielder Miguel Cabrera, who won the first Triple Crown since 1967. Over the past few days we've witness the beginning of debate season and the end of baseball's regular season. With all that going on, it's understandable if you lost track of what's happening in the social media and tech world. To get you up to speed, we've rounded up all our best feature stories from the past week. The Lifestyle section was particularly active with resources that could help improve your ever-important quality of life. You can also start crossing names of your holiday shopping list with gift ideas such as geeky wine racks, funky iPhone cases and a high-end coffee maker that brews the perfect cup of java. For you political junkies, be sure to check out our new special feature on how the digital sphere is shaping modern campaigning and elections. There's also plenty of information regarding social media and business. It's all here; dig in. For more social media news and resources, you can follow Mashable's social media channel on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook. For more business news and resources, you can follow Mashable's business channel on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook. For more tech news and resources, you can follow Mashable's tech channel on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook. For more digital lifestyle news and resources, you can follow Mashable's lifestyle channel on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook.

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