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Krystufek B.,Slovenian Museum of Natural History | Abi-Said M.,American University of Beirut | Hladnik M.,University of Primorska
Zoology in the Middle East | Year: 2013

We studied 1140 bp cytochrome b sequences of social voles from three localities in Lebanon. The results were compared with published sequences representing seven species of social voles. New sequences from Lebanon clustered with reference samples of two species: M. guentheri and M. irani. While M. guentheri was already reported for Lebanon, M. irani is a new addition to the fauna of Lebanon, and the third known record for the species. Animals were collected in two localities above Tripolis at 855 m and 1430 m a.s.l., respectively. © Zoology in the Middle East, 2013.

Gogala M.,Slovenian Academy of science and Arts | Drosopoulos S.,Elatis 6 | Trilar T.,Slovenian Museum of Natural History
ZooKeys | Year: 2013

Cicadivetta goumenissa, a small singing cicada described recently by Gogala, Drosopoulos and Trilar (2012), has been previously found only around the village of Goumenissa in northern Peloponnese. We visited this area again in June 2012 and tried to determine the distribution range of this species. We found C. goumenissa in some further localities, but all within a very small area of about 15 by 25 km. We also made more than one hour of new song recordings and extended our knowledge of the song repertoire of this species. © Matija Gogala et al.

Jerseka M.,Slovenian Museum of Natural History | Kramarb S.,Slovenian National Building And Civil Engineering Institute
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy | Year: 2014

The baroque chalice made in 1732 contains 456 embedded gemstones and is one the most richly decorated chalices in Slovenia. With the aid of Raman microspectroscopy, in combination with gemology microscopy and ultraviolet fluorescence, individual types of gemstones and certain inclusions were analysed and determined. The chalice was adorned with 24 diamonds, 93 rubies, 4 sapphires, 152 emeralds, 101 almandine garnets, 6 grossular garnets, 68 amethysts, 6 citrines, one specimen of glass and one of agate. In combination with macroscopic observations and literature data, the origins of the diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds were assessed. At the same time, we were able to determine which gemstones in the chalice had actually been substituted. The diamonds most probably originate from India, the rubies from Myanmar, the three sapphires from Sri Lanka and the emeralds from Colombia, whereas for the other gemstones, some detailed analyses still need to be performed. At a later date, sapphire, glass, synthetic ruby and green agate were embedded into the chalice as substitutes for lost stones. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Jersek M.,Slovenian Museum of Natural History
Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering | Year: 2015

Rubies from the Prilep dolomitic marble contain numerous diaspore inclusions, resulting from ori-ented intergrowth with corundum. In the world of gemstones, this phenomenon has been recognized as diasporescence, which has to date been researched only in the cases of corundum crystals from Mace-donia. The paper describes the importance of diasporescence for the appearance and thus the quality of rubies, in which the inclusions of diaspore are also a distinctive character for the determination of the ori-gin of this renowned gemstone. Diaspore is colourless to white and affect on intensity of red to pink col-our of ruby as a gem. Macedonian rubies are the only rubies from around the world with inclusions of di-aspore and that's why also the only rubies with optical phenomena diasporescence.

Knap N.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Korva M.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Dolinsek V.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Sekirnik M.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | And 2 more authors.
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases | Year: 2012

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is the most important causative agent of arboviral infection in Europe, causing neurologic symptoms. The incidence of the disease has greatly increased over the past decades, and in the meantime, some changes in spatial distribution of TBE cases have been observed. Therefore, it is important to recognize the distribution of endemic areas, to use preventive measures successfully. In this study, rodents from all over Slovenia were evaluated as suitable sentinels for TBEV distribution. Rodents from four species (Myodes glareolus, Apodemus flavicollis, Apodemus sylvaticus, and Apodemus agrarius) were screened for the presence of TBEV antibodies with immunofluorescence assay; the antibodies were detected in 5.9% of sera. The prevalence of infection varied according to the rodent species and according to the region of trapping. Select rodents were also screened for the presence of TBEV RNA in several organs. Both analyses showed higher rate of infection in bank voles, which also produced higher titers of anti-TBEV antibodies and a higher TBEV RNA viral load compared with mice. The regional prevalence of infection in rodents can be correlated with the incidence of disease. Molecular results indicate that the virus can be detected in the organs of the rodents for longer periods, indicating prolonged infections of the rodent hosts by the virus. Rodents can therefore be used as a useful indicator of the circulation of TBEV in an area. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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