Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava is a university of technology in Slovakia. In the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities it was ranked in the first 150 in Computer Science, the only university in central Europe in the first 200. It was not in the first 200 the two following years. Wikipedia.
CSIC - Institute of Refrigeration, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava and Helmholtz Center Dresden | Date: 2017-05-24
The present invention relates to a procedure for measuring a d.c. magnetic field by means of a cylindrical device formed by a magnetostrictive core. A d.c. magnetic field is applied and the mechanical deformation on the device caused by the magnetic field is measured and compared with the obtained measurements from previous calibrations to estimate magnetic field intensity values. The invention also relates to an apparatus for measuring a d.c. magnetic field by means of the indicated procedure. The apparatus comprises:- a cylindrical sensor element and an abutment/fixing element, such that the cylindrical sensor element experiences mechanical deformation when exposed to the d.c. magnetic field,- a deformation sensing device configured for detecting the mechanical deformation of the cylindrical sensor element, and- a processing unit configured for determining the intensity of the d.c. magnetic field based on the detected mechanical deformation of the cylindrical sensor element.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-29-2015 | Award Amount: 6.33M | Year: 2016
The HISENTS vision is to address the problem of the dearth of high-quality tools for nano-safety assessment by introducing an innovative multimodular high throughput screening (HTP) platform including a set of individual modules each representing a critical physiological function connected and integrated in a hierarchical vectorial manner by a microfluidic network. The increase of the capacity to perform nano-safety assessment will be realised by innovative instrumentation developments for HTP and high content analysis (HCA) approaches. Toxicogenomics on chip is also one embedded objective. Our interdisciplinary approach focuses on tools to maximise the read-across and to assess applicable endpoints for advanced risk assessment of nanomaterials (NM). The main goal is thus to establish individual chip-based microfluidic tools as devices for (nano)toxicity screening which can be combined as an on-line HTP platform. Seven different chip-based sensor elements will be developed and hierarchically combined via a flow system to characterise toxicity pathways of NM. The HISENTS platform allows the grouping and identifying of NM. Parallel to the screening, the pathway and interaction of NM in biological organisms will be simulated using the physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. Using the different sensor modules from the molecular to cell to organ level, HISENTS can input quantitative parameters into the PBPK model resulting in an effective pathway analysis for NM and other critical compounds. The developed platform is crucial for realistic nano-safety assessment and will also find extensive application in pharmaceutical screening due to the flexible modifications of the HTP platform. The specific objective is the development of a multimodular HTP platform as new a screening tool for enhancing the efficiency of hazard profiling. Currently, no such flexible, easy-to-use screening platform with flexibly combinable chip-based sensors is available on the market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-02-2014 | Award Amount: 87.61M | Year: 2015
The key objective of PowerBase Enhanced substrates and GaN pilot lines enabling compact power applications is to ensure the availability of Electronic Components and Systems (ECS) for key markets and for addressing societal challenges, aiming at keeping Europe at the forefront of the technology development, bridging the gap between research and exploitation, creating economic and employment growth in the European Union. The project PowerBase aims to contribute to the industrial ambition of value creation in Europe and fully supports this vision by addressing key topics of ECSEL multi annual strategic plan 2014. By positioning PowerBase as innovation action a clear focus on exploitation of the expected result is primary goal. To expand the limits in current power semiconductor technologies the project focuses on setting up a qualified wide band gap GaN technology Pilot line, on expanding the limits of todays silicon based substrate materials for power semiconductors, improving manufacturing efficiency by innovative automation, setting up of a GaN compatible chip embedding pilot line and demonstrating innovation potential in leading compact power application domains. PowerBase is a project proposal with a vertical supply chain involved with contributions from partners in 7 European countries. This spans expertise from raw material research, process innovation, pilot line, assembly innovation and pilot line up to various application domains representing enhanced smart systems. The supporting partners consist of market leaders in their domain, having excellent technological background, which are fully committed to achieve the very challenging project goals. The project PowerBase aims to have significant impact on mart regions. High tech jobs in the area of semiconductor technologies and micro/nano electronics in general are expressed core competences of the regions Austria: Carinthia, Styria, Germany: Sachsen, Bavaria and many other countries/ regions involved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-20-2015 | Award Amount: 6.43M | Year: 2016
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-12a-2014 | Award Amount: 6.20M | Year: 2015
The goal of INREP is to develop and deploy valid and robust alternatives to indium (In) based transparent conductive electrode materials as electrodes. In-based materials, mainly ITO, are technologically entrenched in the commercial manufacture of components like LEDs (both organic and inorganic), solar cells, touchscreens, so replacing them with In-free transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) will require holistic approach. The INREP philosophy is to meet this challenge by addressing the whole value chain via an application focused research programme aiming at developing tailor made solutions for each targeted application. This programme will produce a complete evaluation of the relevant properties of the proposed TCOs, including the impact of deposition technique, and by doing so, devise optimum processes for their application in selected, high value application areas. The selected application areas are organic and inorganic light emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells and touchscreens. The physical properties of interest are the transparency, electrical conductivity, work function, texture, and chemical and thermal stability. To reach its overall goal, INREP brings together industrial and academic experts in TCOs, the technology and processes for their deposition and their applications in a concerted research programme that will result in the creation of TCOs and deposition technologies with the optimum opto-electrical properties suitable for the economic and safe manufacture of the specified photonic or opto-electronic components. The approach will include life cycle assessments of the environmental impact of the developed TCO materials and of their formation technologies over the entire period from application in manufacturing, throughcomponent operation into waste management.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-15-2015 | Award Amount: 65.27M | Year: 2016
The EU has set the stage to empower semiconductor manufacturing in Europe being one of the key drivers for innovation and employment and creator for answers to the challenges of the modern society. Aim of IoSense is to boost the European competitiveness of ECS industries by increasing the pilot production capacity and improving Time-to-Market for innovative microelectronics, accomplished by establishing three fully connected semiconductor pilot lines in Europe: two 200mm frontend (Dresden and Regensburg) and one backend (Regensburg) lines networking with existing highly specialized manufacturing lines. Focus is the availability of top innovative, competitive sensors and sensor systems Made in Europe for applications in Smart Mobility, Society, Energy, Health and Production. Today competitors are already involved in the development of sensor systems for applications in the emerging Internet of Things. But there is a significant gap between those forces and the capabilities to bring ideas into the high volume market fast enough. IoSense will close this gap by providing three modular flexible pilot lines being seamless integrated in the IoT value crating networks and ready to manufacture each kind of sensor system prototypes. IoSense will increase the manufacturing capacity of sensor/MEMS components in the involved pilot lines by factor of 10 while reducing manufacturing cost and time by 30%. IoSense is designed to enable focused development work on technological and application oriented tasks combining with market orientation. Design to Market Needs will be accomplished by customer involvement, embedding all required functionality besides sensors. Finally, the time for idea-to-market for new sensor systems is intended to be brought down to less than one year. As a result, semiconductor manufacturing will get a new boost in Europe enabling the industry with competitive solutions, securing employment and providing answers to the upcoming challenges in the IoT era.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-01-2014 | Award Amount: 4.49M | Year: 2015
OSIRIS project, a Research and Innovation Action (RIA), aims at improving substantially the cost effectiveness and performance of gallium nitride (GaN) based millimetre wave components. The project proposes to elaborate innovative SiC material using isotopic sources. This material will offer thermal conductivity improvement of 30% which is important for devices dissipating a lot of power, in particular in SiC power electronics and in microwave device using GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) grown on SiC semi-insulating substrates. OSIRIS project will allow reinforcing GaN technology penetration into the market by cost effectiveness of the SiC substrates and circuit performances improvement thanks to better heat spreading close to the dissipative area. For microwave GaN/SiC HEMT this isotopic approach could create a complete shift in the currently used substrate / GaN epi-wafer technology; it intends to grow high thermal conductivity (\30%) semi-insulating SiC on top of low cost semiconducting SiC substrates (widely used by the power electronics and LED industries). Reduced layer thickness is necessary as only the top 50 to 100m SiC wafer is really useful as the substrate itself is currently thinned to realise microstrip waveguided microwave circuits. For power electronics, this isotopic innovation will be essentially focused on thermal improvement, i.e. better electron mobility at a given power dissipation as mobility and drift mobility decrease with temperature and also better carrier transport thanks to lower scattering rates. Schottky and p-i-n diodes will be tested using this material, which however will have to be doped while microwave devices need semi-insulating materials. The improved thermal SiC properties will be obtained by using single isotopic atoms for silicon and carbon, namely 28Si and 12C. The SiC wafer size will be targeted to 100mm (4-inches) which is today widely used on industry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMBP-18-2016 | Award Amount: 9.03M | Year: 2017
Sustainability of energy systems goes through high penetration of renewable energy with huge volumes of electricity to transmit over long distances. The most advanced solution is the HVDC Supergrid. But fault currents remain an issue even if DC circuit breakers have emerged. These are not satisfying, whereas Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (SCFCLs) using REBCO tapes bring an attractive solution. SCFCLs have already proved their outstanding performances in MVAC systems, with a few commercial devices in service. However, present REBCO conductors cannot be readily used at very high voltages: the electrical field under current limitation is too low and leads to too long tapes and high cost. FASTGRID aims to improve and modify the REBCO conductor, in particular its shunt, in order to significantly enhance (2 to 3 times) the electric field and so the economical SCFCL attractiveness. A commercial tape will be upgraded to reach a higher critical current and enhanced homogeneity as compared to todays standards. For safer and better operation, the tapes normal zone propagation velocity will be increased by at least a factor of 10 using the patented current flow diverter concept. The shunt surface will also be functionalized to boost the thermal exchanges with coolant. This advanced conductor will be used in a smart DC SCFCL module (1 kA 50 kV). This one will include new functionalities and will be designed as sub-element of a real HVDC device. In parallel to this main line of work, developments will be carried out on a promising breakthrough path: ultra high electric field tapes based on sapphire substrates. FASTGRID will bring this to the next levels of technology readiness. In conclusion, FASTGRID project aims at improving significantly existing REBCO conductor architecture to make SCFCLs economically attractive for HVDC Supergrids. However, availability of such an advanced conductor will have an impact on virtually all other applications of HTS tapes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.56M | Year: 2017
This proposal sprang from European scientists in both academia and industry who identified a common challenge: setting up a training frame to educate the next generation of imagers in complex biological systems (healthy & pathological), so they are able to master all major aspects of this competitive field and bring important innovations to universities and companies. The long-term goal of any initiative to image biological processes is reaching cellular or subcellular resolution in a complete organism. This is now possible using vertebrate embryos as models and the most recent technological advances as tools. ESRs will be trained by addressing the following scientific bottlenecks and challenges: -Preparing vertebrate embryos (rodent & zebrafish) for optimal imaging -Fine-tuning sensors, reporters and actuators to track cell types, cellular processes and behaviours in living organisms -Developing and implementing new imaging instruments -Analysing complex sets of big-data images to extract relevant information -Using processed images to design computational and mathematical models of development and pathologies -Comparing these models with experimental data and create a feedback loop improving the whole work chain from sample preparation to instrumentation and analysis. This interdisciplinary training is based on an intersectoral organisation of the consortium with partners from academia and companies that need these future experts to develop new instruments, screen drugs and chemicals in living systems and develop software to analyse and model medical images. The full training programme is based on an optimal balance between training through research and many network-wide training events, including conferences with physical presence, digital conferences and monthly videolink events. Consortium members are keen to implement both classical and original outreach activities (eg MOOCs, serious games, Lego designs) to bring state-of-the-art microscopy to the classroom.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 679.50K | Year: 2016
As clearly stated in report no. 10/2014 Noise in Europe 2014 by the European Environment Agency, noise pollution is a major environmental health problem in Europe, yet the lack of comparable common assessment methods causes significant inconsistencies in exposure estimates of people affected by noise. However, in the past few years building acoustics has been influenced by evolution issues in terms of new acoustics requirements focused on sound insulation at low frequencies (reflected in proposals in the ISO 140 family), and by improving the single-number quantities (ISO 717) which would correlate better with subjective perception of sounds transmitted through building structures. The proposed project aims at (1) improving the diagnostic methods for more precise determination of physical properties of building elements (ISO140), (2) involving subjective assessment of sound insulation to help propose a suitable single number quantity (ISO 717), and (3) enabling sustainable product innovation as the result of improved diagnostic methods. First and foremost, novel acoustic measuring techniques, specifically, Laser Scanning Vibrometry and acoustic cameras, will be applied for developing novel diagnostic procedures. Second, noise perception tests will be developed using advanced, full 3D sound field recreation techniques. Single number quantities will be proposed to reflect perceived annoyance by noise, with the extension to low-frequency range <100 Hz. Finally, these advancements will be used for innovative design of building elements with improved sound insulation. This will have a lasting impact on collaborating partners of the consortium, both on universities, whose task will be to implement the research findings in practical solutions connected to noise abatement for raising living comfort, and SMEs, who will gain knowledge for innovation in design of sound insulating building elements and learn new methods for a precise detection of sound insulation deficiencies.