Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-02-15
The present invention relates to a Truncated isoform of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (TALK). Expression of this isoform is associated with malignancy and with responsiveness to ALK inhibitors. Detection of the isoform may be used in diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Because it arises as a result of variant transcription rather than genetic rearrangement, its presence would be undetected by genomic testing.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Rockefeller University | Date: 2017-02-15
Disclosed herein are compositions, systems, and methods for modulating proliferation, differentiation and pluripotency of cells.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Date: 2017-02-08
A method of determining sensitivity to cancer treatment includes the step of determining the presence of overexpression of MYC in a biological sample from a patient suffering from cancer, wherein the presence of overexpression of MYC indicates a sensitivity to a treatment by a CDK9 inhibitor and wherein the cancer is selected from the group consisting of carcinoma, leukemia, and lymphoma.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-01-30
Provided and described herein are exemplary embodiments of apparatus, system, computer-accessible medium, procedure and method according to the present disclosure which can be used for providing laser steering and focusing for e.g., incision, excision and/or ablation of tissue in minimally-invasive surgery. For example, an exemplary apparatus is provided that can include at least one optical element which can be configured to refract and/or diffract light provided in a structure which can be configured to be inserted into a body, where at least one of the optical element(s) is structured to receive the light at a first angle and generate a refracted and/or diffracted light at a second angle which can be different from the first angle relative to an optical axis. According to a particular exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure an exemplary actuating arrangement can be provided, which can be configured to control the optical element(s), can be provided and seated at least partially within the at least one structure.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-03-15
The presently disclosed subject matter relates to the use of one or more biomarkers to evaluate whether a PI3K inhibitor would produce an anti-cancer effect in a subject during the course of treatment with a PI3K inhibitor. It is based, at least in part, on the discovery that certain nucleotides can be isolated from the serum of patients undergoing cancer treatment and can be used as a biomarker to indicate the effectiveness of PI3K treatment on cancer growth. Accordingly, in a non-limiting embodiment, a method for determining whether an anti-cancer effect is likely being produced in a cancer by a PI3K inhibitor, comprises determining the presence and/or level of one or more PIK3CA biomarkers in one or more samples serially obtained during PI3K inhibitor treatment, where if the presence and/or level of a PIK3CA biomarker is increased, it is less likely that the PI3K inhibitor is having an anti- cancer effect on the cancer.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-02-01
The present disclosure provides, among other things, methods and compositions for diagnosing and treating stress-induced injuries, hypoxia in particular. The present invention is based, in part, on the novel discovery that a metabolite, L-2-hydroxyglutarate, and certain enzymes and substrates regulating its metabolism, mediate stress-induced cellular mechanisms. In some embodiments, provided methods and compositions are used to diagnose and treat diseases with hypoxia-induced injuries. In some embodiments, provided methods and compositions are used to modulate cell pluripotency or differentiation in vivo or in vitro.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-03-22
Provided herein is a one-step method for chelating actinium-225 to a construct comprising a chelator linked to a biomolecule, such as, an antibody or monoclonal antibody, via a bifunctional ligand in, for example, a 3-arm configuration. Also provided are methods for increasing the radiochemical yield of an actinium-225-chelant-biomolecule complex and for producing a high specific activity actinium-225 complex. The chelation is performed at a physiological temperature, about 37 C. Also provided are high specific activity actinium-225 complexes, that is, actinium-225 chelated to the chelator-biomolecule construct and pharmaceutical compositions thereof. Further provided are methods of treating a neoplastic disease or disorder with the actinium-225 complexes.
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Date: 2017-03-01
The present disclosure describes a compositions and methods for treatment of Hras-driven cancers. Administration of a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, for example, tipifarnib, alone or in combination with a MEK inhibitor can reduce tumor size and tumor growth in cancers such as poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC)
Agenus, Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research | Date: 2017-04-05
The present disclosure provides antibodies that specifically bind to human glucocorticoid-induced TNFR family related receptor (GITR) and compositions comprising such antibodies. In a specific aspect, the antibodies specifically bind to human GITR and modulate GITR activity, e.g., enhance, activate or induce GITR activity, utilizing such antibodies. The present disclosure also provides methods for treating disorders, such as cancer and infectious diseases, by administering an antibody that specifically binds to human GITR and modulates GITR activity e.g., enhances, activates or induces GITR activity.
Giancotti F.G.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Cell | Year: 2013
Many cancer patients suffer from metastatic relapse several years after they have undergone radical surgery. Early cancer cell dissemination followed by a protracted period of dormancy potentially explains this prevalent clinical behavior. Increasing evidence suggests that the metastasis-initiating cells are cancer stem cells or revert to this functional state upon infiltrating a target organ. Their entry into dormancy and subsequent reactivation are governed by intrinsic programs and by contextual cues, which resemble those regulating the self-renewal capability of adult stem cells. In addition, metastatic cells undergoing reactivation are nursed by specialized extracellular matrix niches, which support positive signals, such as Wnt and Notch, and attenuate negative signals, such as BMP. In spite of significant remaining uncertainties, these findings provide a framework to understand the logic of metastatic dormancy and reactivation and open new avenues for therapeutic intervention. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.