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Slippery Rock, PA, United States

Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania is a public, master's-level university that offers some doctoral programs. SRU is a member of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Slippery Rock University is located in Slippery Rock, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, approximately 52 miles north of Pittsburgh and approximately 80 miles south of Erie. The university has been coeducational since its founding in 1889. It has one of the largest campuses in western Pennsylvania, occupying 611 acres . It includes new residential suites, the cornerstone being Watson Hall.In 2012, Cheryl Joy Norton was appointed as the university's first female president. Wikipedia.

Goldstein S.M.,University of Minnesota | Iossifova A.R.,Slippery Rock University
Journal of Operations Management | Year: 2012

We investigate the long-term relationship between an organization's quality management practices and process-level performance. Further, we examine whether availability of organizational slack over the study interval interferes with the relationship between quality practices and process performance. Organizational slack consists of the available and accessible resources in an organization; we focus here on unabsorbed slack in the form of financial resources. We investigate the quality practices of U.S. general acute care hospitals, measured by their depth of implementation of practices characterizing a total quality management system, and use them to predict process performance related to four medical conditions. Analysis reveals differing effects that are dependent on hospital slack conditions. In hospitals with high slack, quality practices significantly predict three of four studied process performance measures. In contrast, in hospitals with low slack, quality practices predict only one of the four process performance measures, while other factors outweigh the effects of quality practices. This study lends support to management taking a long-term perspective related to implementation of quality management systems, and highlights the relevance of slack conditions in garnering the benefits of such systems. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Schlosser K.,Slippery Rock University
Antipode | Year: 2013

Canadian diamonds are marketed as "ethical" alternatives to notorious "blood diamonds". This paper analyzes the specific matrices through which ethical consumption as a discourse is being mobilized to sell diamonds. I argue that consumption operates as a system of social signification in which consuming subjects are positioned as moral subjects. Moreover, I argue that historically accumulated symbolic power, in the form of imagined geographies of benevolent colonialism in the Canadian North versus the exploitation of "dark" Africa, pristine, "white" northern landscapes, modernization via commodity production, and national identity, creates the very field of meaning within which the consuming subject is positioned. The ethicalization of Canadian diamonds also has important normative implications both in terms of the cultural politics of ethical consumption and social and environmental justice in the Canadian North. © 2012 The Author. Antipode © 2012 Antipode Foundation Ltd. Source

Harrington M.C.R.,Slippery Rock University
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies | Year: 2011

Over the past 20 years, there has been a debate on the effectiveness of virtual reality used for learning with young children, producing many ideas but little empirical proof. This empirical study compared learning activity in situ of a real environment (Real) and a desktop virtual reality (Virtual) environment, built with video game technology, for discovery-based learning. The experiences were in the form of two field trips featuring statistically identical wildflower reserves. While the results support that the Real is superior for learning activity, they also show that the Virtual is useful for priming and reinforcing in-curriculum material, or for situations when the real environment is inaccessible. Offering the Virtual first primes for learning activity in the Real; if used second, it reinforces the Real experience, as supporting evidence shows significant transfer effects. Thus, the Virtual may serve educational goals, if used appropriately, and can come close to the Real. As informal learning environments, such as field trips and video games, are accepted as motivational, an attitudinal survey was conducted postexperiences to capture motivational factors at play, to aid in comparison and contrast, and to provide context to the empirical results on learning activity in situ; however, more work is needed. © 2008 IEEE. Source

Sanftner J.L.,Slippery Rock University
Eating Behaviors | Year: 2011

This study examined health-related quality of life in relation to psychosocial variables associated with eating disorders. A sample of 266 women and 114 men from a Midwestern university completed questionnaires asking about both generic and eating disorder-specific health-related quality of life, as well as body dissatisfaction, objectified body consciousness, internalization of sociocultural ideals, and restrained eating. Results revealed that women reported significantly higher levels of psychosocial risk variables than men. In addition, for women, all but one of the psychosocial risk variables was found to be associated with lower quality of life. Gender moderated the relationship between quality of life and objectified body consciousness, but not the other psychosocial risk variables. Finally, comparisons between a generic and an eating disorder-specific quality of life scale revealed that the eating disorder-specific scale had higher sensitivity for use in a college student population. These results suggest that women who are at higher risk for developing an eating disorder suffer from lower quality of life, and that eating disorder-specific quality of life scales are useful in understanding women and men in a general population. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Hartmann H.,Slippery Rock University
Atmosphere - Ocean | Year: 2012

In the case of the city of Buffalo (New York, United States), located on the eastern shore of Lake Erie and, therefore, strongly influenced by the lake-effect, total monthly snowfall was predicted one to six months in advance. For this, neural network (NN) techniques, specifically a multi-layer perceptron, as well as a multiple linear regression (LR) model were applied. The period of analysis comprised 28 years from January 1982 to December 2009. Input data included surface air temperature; the temperature difference between the lake surface water temperature (LSWT) and the 850 hPa air temperature; the u-component of the wind (u-wind) and the v-component of the wind (v-wind), geopotential height (GPH) over Lake Erie and the surrounding regions at the 1000, 925, 850 and 700 hPa levels as well as the surface pressure; the 500 hPa GPH over James Bay, Canada; the surface pressure over the Great Plains; and the mean water temperature and LSWT of Lake Erie, as well as the amount of ice cover. Moreover, several teleconnection indices were implemented: the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Arctic Oscillation (AO), the Pacific/North American (PNA) pattern, the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Different lead times for the input variables were tested for their suitability. The most accurate result was obtained using the NN with an optimized one-month lead time approach (lead times varied between one and six months for the different input variables). Source

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