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Bhanotra A.,SKUAST Jammu | Gupta J.,National Dairy Research Institute
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2016

This paper outline the indigenous technical knowledge (ITK) possessed by farmers of Kathua district of Jammu & Kashmir, India, which is largely dependent on the traditional/indigenous animal husbandry practices for treatment of animals. The study was aimed to document various ITKs related to healthcare management of dairy animals and to validate the ITKs practiced for pneumonia treatment. Data were collected through personal interviews and focus group discussions with selected group of the Dogra, Gujjars and Bakarwals community members. Altogether 25 plants were recorded which are used by the local people in formulation of different traditional medicines for curing 20 types of livestock diseases and ailments. Validation of ITKs was done through Quantification of Indigenous Knowledge (QuIK) method developed by Anne K de Villiers (1996). The Indigenous practices for pneumonia treatment were perceived better than Modern Veterinary Drug (MVD) due to ease in availability, less side effects and low cost. The potential of herbal plants validated in this study can be taken up for experimental validation and concerted efforts are called for conservation of such plants. © 2016, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.

Sharma J.P.,Directorate of Research | Rattan P.,Directorate of Research | Kumar S.,SKUAST Jammu
International Journal of Vegetable Science | Year: 2012

There is continuing need to develop improved cultivars with traits that can be determined in various generations. To identify traits that can facilitate selection of productive progenies in late-segregating generations, elite F5 progenies of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] along with the open-pollinated variety Varsha Uphar were investigated for the extent of genetic variability and correlation among various characters related to fruit and seed yield. Number of fruit, average fruit weight, fruit length, and internodal distance were important for developing genotypes for higher fresh fruit yield. For high seed yield, genotype-pertinent characters were average fruit weight, fruit length, seed number/fruit, seed weight/fruit, 100 seed weight, and shelling percentage. Most characters exhibited moderate heritability, indicating that high fresh fruit and seed yields can be selected through simple selection but not with high reliability in okra. Number of branches/plant, internodal distance, numbers of seed/fruit, stalk length, and fresh fruit yield confer the preponderance of variation that needs to be considered in late-generation selection in okra. Yield characters, number of fruits/plant, fruit length, and average fruit weight were major contributors to fresh fruit yield. For seed yield increase, fruit number, dry fruit weight, number of seed/fruit, and 100 seed weight were associated and need to be considered in developing genotypes for higher seed yield. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Kumar Rai G.,Biochemistry | Kumar R.,Indian Institute of Vegetable Research | Singh J.,Indian Institute of Vegetable Research | Rai P.K.,K.V.K. Jammu | Rai S.K.,SKUAST Jammu
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2011

The total phenol content, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase enzyme activities and the total protein profile in tomato cultivars (Lycopersicon esculantum Mill.), tolerant and susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease was studied. The tolerant cultivars of tomato viz., FEB-2, FEB-4, FloraDade and NF-31 had significantly higher phenol content as well as peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activities than the susceptible ones (Sel-7, Sel-18 and Punjab Chhuhara). The maximum peroxidase activity was recorded in the resistant cultivar, Flora Dade (02.073unit/ml) and minimum in the susceptible cultivar,Sel-18 (0.241unit/ml). Major differences in soluble protein banding pattern were observed in the susceptible and resistant cultivars. The hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using NTSYS-pc(V.1.8) software. The dendrogram using the average linkage between the groups, showed proximity of resistant cultivars viz., FEB-4,FEB-2, Flora Dade and NF-31 to the wild species with respect to similarity of banding patterns. The three susceptible cultivars viz., Sel-7, Punjab Chhuhara and Sel-18 were grouped separately.

Kumar V.,SKUAST Jammu | Kumar A.,University Of Kashmir | Gayen R.,IGKV
Indian Journal of Horticulture | Year: 2011

Ten genetically diverse okra genotypes were taken for the present investigation. All possible single crosses excluding reciprocals were made among these parents and all the 10 parents and 45 F 1s were sown in a randomized block design with three replications. Observations recorded on quantitative traits showed considerable genetic variability. High heritability estimates were recorded for plant height, fruit width, fruit length, number of fruits per plant and weight of fruit per plant in both parents and F 1 generation. Genetic advance and genetic gain varied from 0.13 to 79.62 and 3.03 to 37.14, respectively. On the basis of correlation studies, fruit width was negatively correlated with fruit length (- 0.792) and positively correlated with weight of fruits per plant (0.662). Fruit length was positively correlated with weight of fruit per plant (0.703). Fruit width, fruit length, number of fruit per plant and weight of fruits per plant are most desirable characters, which affect the yield and such characters should be taken into consideration while making selection for overall improvement.

Rai S.K.,SKUAST Jammu | Rai P.K.,DLRSS
Sabrao Journal of Breeding and Genetics | Year: 2015

Genetic diversity was studied in 7 genotypes of Brassica napus for total seed protein content using sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Ten reproducible bands were used for cluster analysis and to estimate the genetic diversity. Out of these bands, five bands were observed polymorphic. A dendrogram was constructed and the genotypes were divided into two main groups comprising 4 clusters. The results obtained from these clusters showed genetic diversity in these accessions on SDS-PAGE level. The results showed that the technique of SDS-PAGE was feasible to distinguish the different species of Brassica napus genotypes. © Society for the Advancement of Breeding Research in Asia and Oceania (SABRAO) 2015.

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