Skin and Technology Inc.

Seongnam, South Korea

Skin and Technology Inc.

Seongnam, South Korea
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Lee S.Y.,Kangwon National University | Lee J.-J.,Kangwon National University | Park J.-H.,Seoul National University | Lee J.-Y.,Seoul National University | And 7 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2016

Nanocomposite (NC) based on hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE) and Soluplus (SP) was fabricated by electrospraying for the tumor-targeted delivery of resveratrol (RSV). Amphiphilic property of both HACE and SP has been used to entrap RSV in the internal cavity of NC. Electrospraying with established experimental conditions produced HACE/SP/RSV NC with 230 nm mean diameter, narrow size distribution, negative zeta potential, and >80% drug entrapment efficiency. Sustained and pH-dependent drug release profiles were observed in drug release test. Cellular uptake efficiency of HACE/SP NC was higher than that of SP NC, mainly based on HA-CD44 receptor interaction, in MDA-MB-231 (CD44 receptor-positive human breast cancer) cells. Selective tumor targetability of HACE/SP NC, compared to SP NC, was also confirmed in MDA-MB-231 tumor-xenograted mouse model using a near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging. According to the results of pharmacokinetic study in rats, decreased in vivo clearance and increased half-life of RSV in NC group, compared to drug solution group, were shown. Given that these experimental results, developed HACE/SP NC can be a promising theranostic nanosystem for CD44 receptor-expressed cancers. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Cho H.-J.,Seoul National University | Yoon I.-S.,Seoul National University | Yoon H.Y.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Koo H.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | And 7 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2012

Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE) was synthesized for the preparation of doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded HACE-PEG-based nanoparticles, 160 nm in mean diameter with a negative surface charge. Greater uptake of DOX from these HACE-PEG-based nanoparticles was observed in the CD44 receptor highly expressed SCC7 cell line, compared to results from the CD44-negative cell line, NIH3T3. A strong fluorescent signal was detected in the tumor region upon intravenous injection of cyanine 5.5-labeled nanoparticles into the SCC7 tumor xenograft mice; the extended circulation time of the HACE-PEG-based nanoparticle was also observed. Pharmacokinetic study in rats showed a 73.0% reduction of the in vivo clearance of DOX compared to the control group. The antitumor efficacy of the DOX-loaded HACE-PEG-based nanoparticles was also verified in a tumor xenograft mouse model. DOX was efficiently delivered to the tumor site by active targeting via HA and CD44 receptor interaction and by passive targeting due to its small mean diameter (<200 nm). Moreover, PEGylation resulted in prolonged nanoparticle circulation and reduced DOX clearance rate in an in vivo model. These results therefore indicate that PEGylated HACE nanoparticles represent a promising anticancer drug delivery system for cancer diagnosis and therapy. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Cho H.-J.,Seoul National University | Yoon H.Y.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Koo H.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Ko S.-H.,Biogenics Inc. | And 6 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2011

Hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HA-CE)-based self-assembled nanoparticles were developed for intravenous docetaxel (DCT) delivery. In this study, physicochemical properties, cellular uptake efficiency, and in vivo targeting capability of the nanoparticles developed were investigated. DCT-loaded nanoparticles composed of HA-CE and Pluronic 85 (P85) with a mean diameter of 110-140. nm were prepared and their morphological shapes were assessed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). DCT release from nanoparticle was enhanced with increasing P85 concentrations in our in vitro model. Blank nanoparticles exhibited low cytotoxicity in U87-MG, MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cell lines. From cellular uptake studies, the nanoparticles developed enhanced the intracellular DCT uptake in the CD44-overexpressing cell line (MCF-7). The nanoparticles were shown to be taken up by the HA-CD44 interaction according to DCT and coumarin 6 (C6) cellular uptake studies. The multidrug resistance (MDR)-overcoming effects of DCT-loaded HA-CE/P85-based nanoparticles were also observed in cytotoxicity tests in MCF-7/ADR cells. Following the intravenous injection of DCT-loaded cyanine 5.5 (Cy5.5)-conjugated nanoparticles in MCF-7/ADR tumor-bearing mice, its in vivo targeting for CD44-overexpressing tumors was identified by non-invasive near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging. These results indicate that the HA-CE-based nanoparticles prepared may be a promising anti-cancer drug delivery system through passive and active tumor targeting. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Park J.-H.,Seoul National University | Lee J.-Y.,Seoul National University | Termsarasab U.,Seoul National University | Yoon I.-S.,Mokpo National University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Pharmaceutics | Year: 2014

A hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE) nanostructure embedded with docetaxel (DCT)-loaded poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) was fabricated for tumor-targeted drug delivery. NPs with a narrow size distribution and negative zeta potential were prepared by embedding DCT-loaded PLGA NPs into a HACE nanostructure (DCT/PLGA/HACE). DCT-loaded PLGA and DCT/PLGA/HACE NPs were characterized by solid-state techniques, including Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). A sustained drug release pattern from the NPs developed was observed and negligible cytotoxicity was seen in NIH3T3 cells (normal fibroblast, CD44 receptor negative) and MDA-MB-231 cells (breast cancer cells, CD44 receptor positive). PLGA/HACE NPs containing coumarin 6, used as a fluorescent dye, exhibited improved cellular uptake efficiency, based on the HA-CD44 receptor interaction, compared to plain PLGA NPs. Cyanine 5.5 (Cy5.5)-labeled PLGA/HACE NPs were injected intravenously into a MDA-MB-231 tumor xenograft mouse model and demonstrated enhanced tumor targetability, compared with Cy5.5-PLGA NPs, according to a near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging study. Considering these experimental results, the DCT/PLGA/HACE NPs developed may be useful as a tumor-targeted drug delivery system. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Park J.-H.,Seoul National University | Cho H.-J.,Kangwon National University | Termsarasab U.,Seoul National University | Lee J.-Y.,Seoul National University | And 5 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2014

Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded nanoparticles (NPs) based on interconnected hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE) structure were fabricated and their anti-tumor efficacy was evaluated in vitro. Interconnected HACE was synthesized by cross-linking HACE with adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH) and its synthesis was identified by 1H NMR analysis. DOX-loaded NPs with <200nm mean diameter, negative zeta potential, and spherical shape were prepared. Interconnected HACE-based NPs increased drug-loading capacity and in vitro drug release, compared to HACE-based NPs. DOX release was dependent on the environmental pH, implying the feasibility of enhancing drug release in tumor region and endosomal compartments. Synthesized interconnected HACE did not show cytotoxic effect up to 1000μg/ml concentration in NIH3T3 and MDA-MB-231 cells. In cellular uptake studies using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and flow cytometry in MDA-MB-231 cells, higher uptake of DOX was observed in the interconnected HACE-based NPs than HACE NPs. In vitro anti-tumor efficacy was assessed by MTS-based assay, in which cytotoxic effect of DOX-loaded interconnected HACE NPs was higher than that of DOX-loaded HACE NPs. Thus, these results suggest the feasibility of interconnected HACE-based NPs to be used for efficient tumor-targeted delivery of anticancer drugs. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Lee J.-Y.,Seoul National University | Yang H.,Kangwon National University | Yoon I.N.-S.,Mokpo National University | Kim S.-B.,Seoul National University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2014

Hybrid nanocomplex formulations, based on amphiphilic hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE) and lipids, were fabricated for the delivery of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg 3 [(S)-Rg3]. Nanocomplexes with less than 200 nm mean diameter, narrow size distribution, spherical shape, and negative zeta potential were prepared. The maintenance of the structural stability of the hybrid nanocomplexes in the blood stream was demonstrated by measuring their particle size in serum. Nanocomplexes based on HACE, phosphatidylcholine (PC), and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethyleneglycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG) showed a sustained drug release profile compared with other formulations. Blank nanocomplexes exhibited negligible cytotoxicity within the tested concentration range in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. The cellular uptake efficiency of hybrid nanocomplexes was improved compared with the HACE-based nanoparticles probably because of interactions between lipids and the cellular membrane. The results of a pharmacokinetic study in rats revealed decreased in vivo clearance of (S)-Rg3, especially in the HACE/PC/DSPE-PEG-based hybrid nanocomplex (F3) group. The hybrid nanostructure and the outer PEG chain likely contributed to improve in vivo performance of the F3 group. Thus, these developed hybrid nanocomplexes could serve as good candidates for tumor-targeted delivery of anticancer agents. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association.

Jin Y.-J.,Seoul National University | Termsarasab U.,Seoul National University | Ko S.-H.,Biogenics Inc. | Shim J.-S.,Biogenics Inc. | And 6 more authors.
Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2012

Purpose: Hyaluronic acid-ceramide (HACE)-based nanoparticles (NPs) were developed for the targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX), and their antitumor efficacy for melanoma was evaluated. Methods: DOX-loaded HACE-based self-assembled NPs were prepared and their physicochemical properties were characterized. The in vitro cytotoxicity of HACE was measured using an MTS-based assay. The cellular uptake efficiency of DOX into mouse melanoma B16F10 cells was assessed by confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry. Tumor growth and body weight were monitored after the intratumoral and intravenous injection of DOX-loaded NPs into a B16F10 tumor-bearing mouse model. Results: DOX-loaded NPs, with a mean diameter of ∼110 nm, a narrow size distribution, and high drug entrapment efficiency, were prepared. A sustained DOX release pattern was shown, and drug release was enhanced at pH 5.5 compared with pH 7.4. The cytotoxicity of HACE to B16F10 cells was negligible. It was assumed that DOX was taken up into the B16F10 cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis. A significant inhibitory effect was observed on tumor growth, without any serious changes in body weight, after the injection of DOX-loaded NPs into the B16F10 tumor-bearing mouse model. Conclusions: DOX-loaded HACE-based NPs were successfully developed and their antitumor efficacy against B16F10 tumors was demonstrated. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

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