Lantz B.,University of Boras |
Ottosson C.,Skaraborg Hospital
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2013
Background: It is well established that parents must interact with their new-born babies to facilitate attachment. However, very little is known about how parents perceive different types of medical technology products commonly used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as barriers to their wish to interact with their infants. Aim: This study aims to examine to what extent the different medical technology products commonly used in the NICU are perceived by parents to be obstacles in their wish to interact with their babies. Design and methods: In 2010, a cross-sectional survey, using a questionnaire specifically developed for this study, was conducted among the parents of children who were discharged from any of the five NICUs of the Västra Götaland region in Sweden. A consecutive sample of 248 parents participated, and multiple regressions and t-tests were used to analyse the data. Results: The parents generally perceived the various medical technology products differently, according to the perceived level of obstruction. The variables of gender, age, educational level, origin, gestational age, previous experience of being a parent, and the offer of accommodation at the NICU were significantly associated with the perceived level of obstruction in the parents' wish to interact with their baby while the baby was being treated with different medical technology products. Conclusion: The primary implication for practice is that to facilitate attachment, nurses should involve different categories of parents in different ways in the care of their children, depending on the equipment being used in the treatment of the children. Thus, the individual care plan should explicitly include the details of the specific medical equipment, because although its use is medically beneficial for the child, it is associated with potential liabilities regarding parent-child interaction and, consequently, regarding parent-child attachment. © 2012 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences © 2012 Nordic College of Caring Science.
Jacobsson G.,Skaraborg Hospital |
Nasic S.,Center for Research and Development
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012
Background: Short-term mortality from invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections (ISA) is high. Death rates from 20% to 60% are reported. Long-term outcome has not been investigated. Studies of other critical illnesses have demonstrated incremental health effects that persist after hospital discharge. Several researchers have proposed that evaluation of mortality secondary to sepsis should take place after 1 y. Methods: We performed an observational, prospective, population-based study of long-term mortality and recurrence in a cohort of ISA patients during 2 y. Results: One hundred and fifty-seven patients were included. All-cause mortality after 1 y was 37.6% and after 3 y was 45.5%. The multivariate survival analysis explored different independent factors for short-term compared to long-term mortality. Age, comorbidity, and place of acquisition were the determinants of long-term outcome. In contrast, infection-related factors such as disease severity and systolic blood pressure determined short-term mortality. The relapsereinfection rate was 11.2% (16 in 143 episodes in 127 patients living 4 weeks after inclusion). Predictive factors for relapsereinfection in a univariate analysis were joint prosthesis (28.6%, p = 0.027), haemodialysis (27.8%, p = 0.017), kidney disease (22.2%, p = 0.015), and healthcare- and nosocomial-related infection (18.3%, p = 0.029). No association to length of antibiotic therapy and relapsereinfection rate was observed, nor any sex differences. The majority of relapsesreinfections (11 of 16) occurred during the first 11 months after the initial episode. Conclusion: Patients with ISA infections, irrespective of age, suffer a high long-term mortality and recurrence rate. © 2012 Informa Healthcare.
Riad J.,Skaraborg Hospital |
Riad J.,Karolinska Institutet |
Modlesky C.M.,University of Delaware |
Gutierrez-Farewik E.M.,Karolinska Institutet |
And 2 more authors.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2012
Background: Individuals with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy are typically high functioning and walk without assistive devices. The involved limb is usually smaller and shorter, although it is not clear whether the difference in muscle volume has an impact on walking capacity. Questions/purposes: We determined the volume of muscles important for propulsion and related that volume to concentric muscle work during walking on the hemiplegic and noninvolved sides in patients with cerebral palsy. Patients and Methods: We studied 46 patients (mean age, 17.6 years; range, 13-24 years) with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. We assessed muscle volume using MRI and concentric muscle work in the sagittal plane from the hip, knee, and ankle using three-dimensional gait analysis. Patients were classified by Winters' criteria to assess the involvement of cerebral palsy and movement pattern during walking. Results: On the hemiplegic side, muscles were smaller, except for the gracilis muscle, and concentric muscle work from the ankle plantar flexors, knee extensors, and hip flexors and extensors was lower compared to the noninvolved side. Hip extensor work was higher on the hemiplegic and the noninvolved sides compared to a control group of 14 subjects without cerebral palsy. Hemiplegic to noninvolved volume ratios correlated with work ratios (r = 0.40-0.66). The Winters classification and previous calf muscle surgery predicted work ratios. Conclusions: Our observations of smaller muscles on the hemiplegic side and changes in muscle work on both sides can help us distinguish between primary deviations that may potentially be treatable and compensatory mechanisms that should not be treated. © 2011 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Somoskovi A.,Skaraborg Hospital
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2015
To realize the most benefit from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) screening, all nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)-positive respiratory specimens should be universally tested. Once an MDR-TB diagnosis is established, additional testing is warranted to provide details about the detected mutations. © 2015, American Society for Microbiology.
Colque-Navarro P.,Karolinska Institutet |
Jacobsson G.,Skaraborg Hospital |
Andersson R.,Research and Development Center |
Flock J.-I.,Karolinska Institutet |
Mollby R.,Karolinska Institutet
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2010
Serum samples from 151 healthy individuals aged from 15 to 89 years were investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgG levels against 11 different purified antigens from Staphylococcus aureus. Surface antigens, such as teichoic acid, clumping factors A and B, and bone sialoprotein binding protein, and extracellular proteins, such as alpha-toxin, lipase, enterotoxin A, toxic shock syndrome toxin, scalded-skin syndrome toxin, fibrinogen binding protein, and extracellular adherence protein, were used. The IgG values were analyzed in relation to the state of nasal carriage at the time of sampling. There was great individual variation in antibody levels in both young and elderly healthy subjects. Occurrence of S. aureus in the nares at the time of sampling was correlated with higher antibody levels, while elderly individuals over 65 years of age showed slightly lower levels than younger adults. More individuals than was expected from random probability calculations showed high antibody levels against several antigens, and more individuals than would be expected showed low levels against several antigens. Certain extracellular proteins had more often induced IgG levels of the same magnitude in the same individuals, indicating that among these individuals, there was a tendency to respond to certain antigens in the same way. Most individuals had circulating IgG antibodies to the 11 tested antigens, and some individuals had the tendency to be "good responders" to several antigens, while others were "poor responders." These findings constitute basic knowledge for the development of improved serological diagnostics, immune prophylaxis, individual prognosis tools, and therapy against invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.