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Bhat G.A.,University Of Kashmir | Shah I.A.,University Of Kashmir | Makhdoomi M.A.,University Of Kashmir | Iqbal B.,University Of Kashmir | And 5 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The study analyzed the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of phase I xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, cytochromes P450 (CYP) 1A1 and CYP2E1 and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Kashmir, India. The different genotypes of CYP1A1 and CYP2E1 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism in 526 ESCC cases and equal number of matched controls. Conditional logistic regression models were used to assess the association of various genotypes with ESCC, gene-gene, and gene-environment interactions. High risk of ESCC was found in participants who carried CYP1A1 Val/Val genotype (OR=2.87; 95 % CI=1.00-8.44) and the risk increased in such individuals when c1/c1 of CYP2E1 genotype was also present (OR=5.68; 95 % CI=1.09-29.52). Risk due to CYP1A1 Val/Val genotype was further enhanced (OR=8.55; 95 % CI=1.86-42.20) when the analysis was limited to ever smokers. Participants who carried CYP2E1 c1/c2 genotype showed an inverse relation (OR=0.27; 95 % CI=0.17-0.43) with ESCC. The inverse association of CYP2E1 c1/c2 genotype was retained when CYP1A1 Ile/Ile was also present (OR=0.18; 95 % CI=0.09-0.32), as well as when analysis was limited to ever smokers (OR=0.45; 95 % CI=0.23-0.90). Significant interaction was found between CYP1A1 (Val/Val) and CYP2E1 (c1/c1) genotypes (OR=1.30; 95 % CI=1.12-1.51; P=0.001) and between CYP1A1 (Val/Val) and smoking (OR=1.31; 95 % CI=1.01-1.69; P=0.043). The study suggests CYP1A1 Val/Val and CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotypes are significantly associated with ESCC risk. © 2014 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Bhat T.,New York University | Bhat H.,SK Institute of Medical science | Teli S.,University of Sheffield | Rajiv B.,New York University | And 2 more authors.
Vascular | Year: 2013

Transradial access for cardiac catheterization is a safe and viable approach with significantly lower incidence of major access-related complications compared with the transfemoral approach. As this form of access is getting wider acceptance among interventional cardiologists, awareness of its complications is of vital importance. Asymptomatic radial artery occlusion, non-occlusive radial artery injury and radial artery spasm are commonly reported complication of this approach. Symptomatic radial arterial occlusion, pseudoaneurysm and radial artery perforation are rarely reported complications of transradial approach. Early identification of these uncommon complications and their urgent management is of significant importance. We present the case of an 80-year-old lady who developed pseudoaneurysm a week after transradial cardiac catheterization managed with surgical excision with no long-term sequela. © The Author(s), 2013.

Dar N.A.,University Of Kashmir | Dar N.A.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Islami F.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Islami F.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | And 7 more authors.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014

Background Several studies have reported association between animal contact and some cancer types, including lymphohaematopoietic, colon, pancreatic and neurological malignancies. We aimed to investigate the association between animal contact and risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a case- control study in Kashmir, India, area with a relatively high incidence of ESCC. Methods We recruited 703 histologically confirmed ESCC cases and 1664 controls individually matched to the cases for age, sex and district of residence. Information, including on animal contact, was obtained in face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate ORs and 95% CIs. Results As compared with no contact with animals, daily close contact was associated with an increased risk of ESCC (OR 5.99; 95% CI 3.86 to 9.31) in models adjusted for several potential confounding factors, including multiple indicators of socioeconomic status. This association persisted in subgroups following stratification by a composite wealth score and occupation. Irregular contact with animals was not associated with ESCC risk. The association between duration of animal contact and ESCC risk was mixed; however, contact for more than 50 years was associated with an increased risk (OR 3.10; 95% CI 1.53 to 6.26). Frequency (p for trend, 0.001) and duration (p for trend, <0.001) of animal contact showed dose-response association with ESCC risk. Conclusions Our results suggest an association between long-term and daily close contact with animals and ESCC. This association needs to be investigated in further studies.

Mir F.A.,SK Institute of Medical science
Results in Physics | Year: 2014

Recently, we carried out structural, optical and dielectric studies on micro-crystals of Oxypeucedanin (C16H14O5), isolated from the roots of plant Prangos pabularia (Mir et al. (2014) [3,4]). The obtained trend in frequency exponent (s) with frequency (ω) indicates that the universal dynamic response is followed by this compound. From optical absorption spectroscopy, the optical band gap (Eg) was estimated around 3.76eV and system is showing indirect allowed transition. Using Eg in certain relation of s, a close value of s (as much close obtained by fitting ac conductivity) was obtained. This method was further used for other similar systems and again same trend was obtained. So a general conclusion was made that the high transmitting wide band insulators or semiconductors may follow bipolaron hopping transport mechanism. © 2014 The Author.

Bhat T.,Staten Island University Hospital | Baydoun H.,Staten Island University Hospital | Asti D.,Staten Island University Hospital | Rijal J.,Staten Island University Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy | Year: 2014

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common symptomatic and sustained cardiac arrhythmia. It affects approximately 2-3 million people in the USA alone with an increased incidence and prevalence worldwide. It is associated, in addition to worsening quality of life, with increased morbidity and mortality especially in poorly controlled AF, affecting mostly those older than 65 years of age. Radiofrequency ablation was found to be a good strategy for focal isolation of pulmonary veins triggering from the vulnerable atrial substrate but is a time-consuming procedure and carries the risk of multiple complications like tamponade which could be fatal, atrioesophageal fistula and local thrombus formation at the site of ablation. Cryoballoon ablation with pulmonary vein isolation has emerged in the past few years as a breakthrough novel technology for the treatment of drug-refractory AF. It is a relatively simple alternative for point-by-point radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal AF and is associated with fewer incidences of fatal complications such as cardiac perforation. As experience with this new tool accumulates, the field faces new challenges in the form of rare compilations including gastroparesis, phrenic nerve palsy, atrioesophageal fistula, pulmonary vein stenosis, thromboembolism pericardial effusion, and tamponade. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

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