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Lee K.,Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources | Jung S.,SK Innovation | Choe J.,Seoul National University
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering | Year: 2016

Reservoir characterization is one of the most important works for decision makings in petroleum industry. Ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) has been researched for history matching, but it requires lots of simulation time. Although ensemble smoother (ES) is much faster than EnKF, it is hard to apply for complex models such as channelized reservoirs due to overshooting and filter divergence problems. The concept of clustered covariance has been proposed only for 2D reservoirs using ES to keep simulation time low and improve history matching results. In this research, a distance-based method and ES with clustered covariance (ESC) are applied to 3D channel fields for the first time. At first, the distance-based method, which consists of Hausdorff distance, multidimensional scaling, and K-means clustering, is successfully applied to 3D fields. Ensemble members in the same group show similar facies distributions and connectivity. Secondly, ESC is compared to a standard EnKF and ES. Updated models from the two methods cannot preserve bimodal distribution and future productions of them show biased predictions. Due to vertical heterogeneity and bimodal distribution of reservoir permeability, it is hard to assimilate reliably for EnKF and ES methods alone in 3D channelized reservoirs. However, ESC manages overshooting problem in ES and preserves bimodal distribution with reliable uncertainty ranges in reservoir performances. It requires about 4% of history matching time of EnKF for the cases tested. Furthermore, only 10 reservoir models selected from the distance-based clustering can replace 200 total ensembles for uncertainty quantification. Therefore, ESC can be applicable to 3D channelized reservoirs with geological uncertainties. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "EV Batteries and Materials: Technology, Trends, and Market Forecasts" report to their offering. With more automakers aiming to market cheaper, longer-range plug-in cars, demand for lithium-ion automotive batteries is expected rise sharply in 2017. The key to the market growth is the use of battery packs that are in some cases two to three times bigger than those employed in electric cars just five years ago. By incorporating bigger batteries, the new vehicles will offer greater all-electric ranges. Unfortunately, high costs of lithium-ion battery cells have been one of the main hindrances to large-scale electric-car adoption, as they typically lead to higher purchase prices for electric cars than comparable internal-combustion models. Because of improved chemistry, manufacturing processes and economies of scale, average electric-car battery costs continue to decline. Battery pack prices are expected to halve to $215 per kilowatt hour by 2020 from $400/kWh now. Due to the rapid decline in this cost Exane BNP Paribas predicted that by 2025 automakers will generate bigger profit margins from EVs than from cars with internal combustion engines. As EV growth escalates, the industry would need a global battery production capacity of 600 gigawatt hours, enough to build 8.6 million cars with an average battery size of 70kWh. Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 EV and EV Battery Market Outlook Chapter 3 Cathode Material Analysis Chapter 4 Anode, Electrolyte, And Separator Material Analysis Chapter 5 Supplier Profiles and Strategies Chapter 6 Battery Supplier Profiles and Strategies - Aekyung Chemical - Aleees - BASF - Beijing National Battery Technology - CALB - CATL - CITIC Guo'An Mengguli (MGL) - Henan Xintaihang - Highstar Battery - Hitachi Chemical - HongTu - Huanyu New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. - OptimumNano - Panasonic - Plylion Battery Co., Ltd. - Pulead Technology Industry - Reshine - SK Innovation - Samsung SDI - Sumitomo Metal Mining - Supreme Power Systems Co., Ltd. - Suzhou Youlion Battery Inc. - Tangray - Teijin - Tianjin EV Energies Co., Ltd. (JEVE) - Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint-Stock Co., Ltd. - Tianneng Power - Toray Battery - Umicore - Zhongdao Energy Co., Ltd. - Zhuhai Smoothway Electronic Materials - Zhuhai Yinlong New Energy Co., Ltd. - Zhuoneng New Energy - Zibo Guoli - Zichen For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/33ssxz/ev_batteries_and


Brahimi D.,Konkuk University | Choi J.-H.,Konkuk University | Youn P.S.,Konkuk University | Jeon Y.-W.,SK Innovation | And 2 more authors.
Energy and Fuels | Year: 2012

In order to simulate the performance of chemical looping combustion (CLC) of pure methane in a continuous bubbling fluidized bed process using a NiO-based oxygen carrier under various operating conditions, this study has developed a mathematical model based on the reaction kinetics and population balance of oxygen carrier (OC) particles in each reactor. Proper operating conditions have been discussed for complete combustion of methane. The minimum OC circulation rate for complete combustion was determined with the variation of temperature and fuel bed mass. The methane combustion efficiency was strongly affected by the distribution of OC between the air reactor (AR) and fuel reactor (FR) at a constant temperature, circulation rate of OC, and total bed mass. The range of OC distribution possible to achieve complete combustion became wider with increasing either the temperature or the circulation rate of OC at a constant total bed mass. In tested conditions of a lab-scale process, the range on the OC mass ratio of the fuel reactor to the total bed mass extended from 0.527-0.607 to 0.430-0.705 with an increasing temperature of AR and FR from 850 to 900 °C (circulation rate of OC = 3 g/s, total bed mass = 22.89 kg). It also extended from 0.527-0.607 to 0.491-0.643 with increasing the circulation rate of OC from 3 g/s to 10 g/s (temperature of AR and FR = 850 °C, total bed mass = 22.89 kg). In this range, the amount of elutriated OC particles decreased a little as the FR mass increased because of the higher rates of particle elutriation and attrition in AR than in FR. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


News Article | November 14, 2016
Site: cleantechnica.com

The prominent electric vehicle lithium-ion battery manufacturer SK Innovation will be quadrupling its current production capacity in 2018, according to recent reports. This will be accomplished through the opening that year of a new battery production facility with a production capacity of 3 gigawatt-hours (GWh) a year. The firm’s current electric vehicle (EV) battery production capacity is 1 GWh. Total production capacity once the new, second production facility at its Seosan complex in South Chungcheong is up and running will be 4 GWh. As the firm currently supplies lithium-ion EV batteries to Mercedes-Benz (Daimler) and Kia, it’s an interesting question what exactly the expansion plans relate to. Push EVs provides more: “The Mercedes-Benz Generation EQ is expected to have a battery with at least 70 kWh capacity. This means that the new SK innovation 3 GWh facility would be able to supply battery cells for almost 43,000 battery packs per year. The battery packs will be assembled by Daimler’s subsidiary Deutsche Accumotive at the new facility which is being built in Kamenz, Germany and is expected to enter into service in mid-2018. The current Kia Soul EV has a 30.5 kWh (27 kWh usable) battery made with SK innovation cells. This well-built electric car has suffered from production constrictions.” As an example of the point being made in that coverage, there have only been 453 Kia Soul EVs sold in South Korea so far this year, despite the country being Kia’s home market. As a comparison, fellow South Korean firm Hyundai has sold 1,304 IONIQ EVs, and that’s a brand new model. Notably, Hyundai sources it’s lithium-ion batteries from LG Chem, one of the top battery manufacturers in the world, and likely a company that can produce at lower costs than SK Innovation. The expansion plans will presumably help to lower production costs at SK Innovation. Buy a cool T-shirt or mug in the CleanTechnica store!   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech daily newsletter or weekly newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter. James Ayre 's background is predominantly in geopolitics and history, but he has an obsessive interest in pretty much everything. After an early life spent in the Imperial Free City of Dortmund, James followed the river Ruhr to Cofbuokheim, where he attended the University of Astnide. And where he also briefly considered entering the coal mining business. He currently writes for a living, on a broad variety of subjects, ranging from science, to politics, to military history, to renewable energy. You can follow his work on Google+.


News Article | November 7, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Power Battery Management System Revenue, means the sales value of Power Battery Management System This report studies sales (consumption) of Power Battery Management System in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe, Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering Denso Calsonic Kansei Hitachi Automotive Systems Mitsubishi Electric Hyundai Kefico LG Chem SK Innovation Tesla Motors Lithium Balance Vecture RimacAutomobil Digi-Triumph Technolog Clayton Power Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like United States China Europe Japan Split by product Types, with sales, revenue, price and gross margin, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in each application, can be divided into Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Global Power Battery Management System Sales Market Report 2016 1 Power Battery Management System Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Power Battery Management System 1.2 Classification of Power Battery Management System 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Application of Power Battery Management System 1.3.1 Application 1 1.3.2 Application 2 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Power Battery Management System Market by Regions 1.4.1 United States Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of Power Battery Management System (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 2 Global Power Battery Management System Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application 2.1 Global Power Battery Management System Market Competition by Manufacturers 2.1.1 Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016) 2.1.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) 2.2 Global Power Battery Management System (Volume and Value) by Type 2.2.1 Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 2.2.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 2.3 Global Power Battery Management System (Volume and Value) by Regions 2.3.1 Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) 2.3.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) 2.4 Global Power Battery Management System (Volume) by Application Figure Picture of Power Battery Management System Table Classification of Power Battery Management System Figure Global Sales Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Type in 2015 Figure Type I Picture Figure Type II Picture Table Applications of Power Battery Management System Figure Global Sales Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Application in 2015 Figure Application 1 Examples Figure Application 2 Examples Figure United States Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure China Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Europe Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Japan Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Figure 2015 Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Manufacturers Figure 2016 Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Manufacturers Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table 2015 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table 2016 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Type (2011-2016) Figure Sales Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Type (2011-2016) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016) Figure Revenue Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Type (2011-2016) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Regions (2011-2016) Figure Sales Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Regions (2011-2016) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Sales Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Share by Regions (2011-2016) Figure Revenue Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Regions (2011-2016) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Revenue Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016) Table Global Power Battery Management System Sales Share by Application (2011-2016) Figure Sales Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Application (2011-2016) Figure Global Power Battery Management System Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016) Figure United States Power Battery Management System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016) Figure United States Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016) Figure United States Power Battery Management System Sales Price Trend (2011-2016) Table United States Power Battery Management System Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table United States Power Battery Management System Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table United States Power Battery Management System Sales by Type (2011-2016) Table United States Power Battery Management System Market Share by Type (2011-2016) Table United States Power Battery Management System Sales by Application (2011-2016) FOR ANY QUERY, REACH US @ Power Battery Management System Sales Global Market Research Report 2016


News Article | November 7, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

Wiseguyreports.Com Adds “Power Battery Management System -Market Demand, Growth, Opportunities and analysis of Top Key Player Forecast to 2021” To Its Research Database This report studies sales (consumption) of Power Battery Management System in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe, Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like United States China Europe Japan Split by product Types, with sales, revenue, price and gross margin, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in each application, can be divided into Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Global Power Battery Management System Sales Market Report 2016 1 Power Battery Management System Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Power Battery Management System 1.2 Classification of Power Battery Management System 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Application of Power Battery Management System 1.3.1 Application 1 1.3.2 Application 2 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Power Battery Management System Market by Regions 1.4.1 United States Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of Power Battery Management System (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Global Power Battery Management System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 7 Global Power Battery Management System Manufacturers Analysis 7.1 Denso 7.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.1.2 Power Battery Management System Product Type, Application and Specification 7.1.2.1 Type I 7.1.2.2 Type II 7.1.3 Denso Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.2 Calsonic Kansei 7.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.2.2 114 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.2.2.1 Type I 7.2.2.2 Type II 7.2.3 Calsonic Kansei Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.3 Hitachi Automotive Systems 7.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.3.2 132 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.3.2.1 Type I 7.3.2.2 Type II 7.3.3 Hitachi Automotive Systems Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.4 Mitsubishi Electric 7.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.4.2 Oct Product Type, Application and Specification 7.4.2.1 Type I 7.4.2.2 Type II 7.4.3 Mitsubishi Electric Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.5 Hyundai Kefico 7.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.5.2 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.5.2.1 Type I 7.5.2.2 Type II 7.5.3 Hyundai Kefico Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.6 LG Chem 7.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.6.2 Million USD Product Type, Application and Specification 7.6.2.1 Type I 7.6.2.2 Type II 7.6.3 LG Chem Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.7 SK Innovation 7.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.7.2 Automotive Product Type, Application and Specification 7.7.2.1 Type I 7.7.2.2 Type II 7.7.3 SK Innovation Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.8 Tesla Motors 7.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.8.2 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.8.2.1 Type I 7.8.2.2 Type II 7.8.3 Tesla Motors Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.9 Lithium Balance 7.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.9.2 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.9.2.1 Type I 7.9.2.2 Type II 7.9.3 Lithium Balance Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.10 Vecture 7.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 7.10.2 Product Type, Application and Specification 7.10.2.1 Type I 7.10.2.2 Type II 7.10.3 Vecture Power Battery Management System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 7.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.11 RimacAutomobil 7.12 Digi-Triumph Technolog 7.13 Clayton Power


Notes: Production, means the output of Power Battery Management System Revenue, means the sales value of Power Battery Management System This report studies Power Battery Management System in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering Denso Calsonic Kansei Hitachi Automotive Systems Mitsubishi Electric Hyundai Kefico LG Chem SK Innovation Tesla Motors Lithium Balance Vecture RimacAutomobil Digi-Triumph Technolog Clayton Power Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like North America Europe China Japan Southeast Asia India Split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Would like to place an order @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/checkout?currency=one_user-USD&report_id=719117 Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Power Battery Management System in each application, can be divided into Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Global Power Battery Management System Market Research Report 2016 1 Power Battery Management System Market Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Power Battery Management System 1.2 Power Battery Management System Segment by Type 1.2.1 Global Production Market Share of Power Battery Management System by Type in 2015 1.2.2 Type I 1.2.3 Type II 1.2.4 Type III 1.3 Power Battery Management System Segment by Application 1.3.1 Power Battery Management System Consumption Market Share by Application in 2015 1.3.2 Application 1 1.3.3 Application 2 1.3.4 Application 3 1.4 Power Battery Management System Market by Region 1.4.1 North America Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value) of Power Battery Management System (2011-2021) 2 Global Power Battery Management System Market Competition by Manufacturers 2.1 Global Power Battery Management System Production and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.3 Global Power Battery Management System Average Price by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.4 Manufacturers Power Battery Management System Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area and Product Type 2.5 Power Battery Management System Market Competitive Situation and Trends 2.5.1 Power Battery Management System Market Concentration Rate 2.5.2 Power Battery Management System Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers 2.5.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion 3 Global Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2011-2016) 3.1 Global Power Battery Management System Production by Region (2011-2016) 3.2 Global Power Battery Management System Production Market Share by Region (2011-2016) 3.3 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue (Value) and Market Share by Region (2011-2016) 3.4 Global Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.5 North America Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.6 Europe Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.7 China Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.8 Japan Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.9 Southeast Asia Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 3.10 India Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 4 Global Power Battery Management System Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.1 Global Power Battery Management System Consumption by Regions (2011-2016) 4.2 North America Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.3 Europe Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.4 China Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.5 Japan Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.6 Southeast Asia Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 4.7 India Power Battery Management System Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2011-2016) 5 Global Power Battery Management System Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type 5.1 Global Power Battery Management System Production and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 5.2 Global Power Battery Management System Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 5.3 Global Power Battery Management System Price by Type (2011-2016) 5.4 Global Power Battery Management System Production Growth by Type (2011-2016)


News Article | September 22, 2016
Site: cleantechnica.com

The South Korean lithium-ion battery manufacturer SK Innovation has boosted annual cell production by around 25% over the last month — from 0.8 gigawatt-hours (GWh) to 1 GWh (1,000,000 kWh/kilowatt-hours) — according to recent reports. According to the company, the new production capacity will be enough to manufacture around 40,000 electric vehicle (EV) batteries a year. This presumes, of course, that the EV batteries in question are destined for EVs without very large battery packs. Things appear to be changing now in that regard, with the Chevy Bolt’s 60 kWh battery-pack clearly being a sign of things to come, but the Bolt’s battery cells are supplied by LG Chem and Tesla’s are supplied by Panasonic. SK Innovation produces batteries for Kia and will also do so for Mercedes-Benz. None of the vehicles for these brands currently offer long driving range on a single charge (via big batteries). However, that is expected to change. Push EVs elaborates on the 40,000 EV estimate and how the new production capacity relates to the most likely future: “For this prediction to be accurate, on average, each electric car battery produced has only 25 kWh capacity. To be more accurate, in 2017, not many electric cars will have batteries with a capacity inferior to 40 kWh. If each electric car has in average a 40 kWh battery, the 1 GWh annual production is only enough for 25,000 batteries.” Continuing: “This recent battery cell production increase might indicate that finally the Kia Soul EV will no longer be production restricted, this is especially important now that this electric car is about to get a range increase. It’s clear that this battery plant in South Korea will not (be) enough in 2017. This is why in April SK Innovation Vice Chairman Chung Cheol-gil said the following: ‘We will generate tangible results this year over our plan to establish EV battery plants in China.'” That move will follow similar ones made by other South Korean firms such as LG Chem and Samsung SDI. Buy a cool T-shirt or mug in the CleanTechnica store!   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech daily newsletter or weekly newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter. James Ayre 's background is predominantly in geopolitics and history, but he has an obsessive interest in pretty much everything. After an early life spent in the Imperial Free City of Dortmund, James followed the river Ruhr to Cofbuokheim, where he attended the University of Astnide. And where he also briefly considered entering the coal mining business. He currently writes for a living, on a broad variety of subjects, ranging from science, to politics, to military history, to renewable energy. You can follow his work on Google+.


Boga D.A.,University Utrecht | Oord R.,University Utrecht | Beale A.M.,University Utrecht | Chung Y.-M.,SK innovation | And 2 more authors.
ChemCatChem | Year: 2013

Monometallic Pt and bimetallic Pt-Cu catalysts supported on Mg(Al)O mixed oxides, obtained by calcination of the corresponding layered double hydroxides (LDHs), were prepared and tested in the aqueous-phase reforming (APR) of glycerol. The effect of the Mg/Al ratio and calcination temperature of the LDH support, as well as the effect of varying Pt and Cu amounts on glycerol reforming, was investigated. The use of a basic support increases the selectivity to hydrogen and the use of a Pt-Cu bimetallic catalyst results in a decrease in alkane formation. The 0.9wt.% Pt-0.4wt.% Cu/Mg(Al)O_2.95 catalyst system with an Mg(Al)O mixed oxide support obtained by the calcination of the corresponding LDH material with Mg/Al ratio of 2.95 at 673K, showed higher hydrogen selectivity (55.3%) and lower methane production (1.9%) after 5h reaction than the benchmark Pt/Al2O3 catalyst (49.4% and 5.6%, respectively). Catalyst characterization by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy showed a bimetallic interaction between Pt and Cu. The bimetallic interaction is thought to be responsible for the lowered methane formation and, ultimately, the high hydrogen selectivity observed. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


News Article | February 21, 2017
Site: cleantechnica.com

The South Korean battery cell manufacturing firm LG Chem will be further expanding its manufacturing capacity in the US and China, despite the presence of some onerous regulatory hurdles in China, according to recent reports. The expansion in the US will see the firm’s manufacturing facility in Holland, Michigan, grow in size and capacity — with the motive being to keep up with demand for the Chevy Bolt, Chevy Volt, and Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid, all of which use LG Chem batteries. (The Ford Focus Electric does as well, but demand is expected to be much lower than for the two aforementioned models.) This expansion will reportedly begin next month and be completed by August. The President of LG Chem, Nick Kassanos, commented (in an interview with WHTC News): “We’re associated with the 2017 Chevrolet Volt with sales breaking record numbers in December. Of course we also build the batteries and the pack for the Pacifica Chrysler Hybrid minivan that was named utility van of the year. The more you see with OEMs (original equipment manufacturers) with hybrid technology, LG Chem is available and willing to grow.” As far as the expansion plans in China, LG Chem will reportedly be building two new plants to support its electric vehicle battery production efforts there (in Nanjing). “It’s not yet known how much production capacity will the two additional plants add to the factory, but anything less than increasing from 50,000 to 100,000 EV batteries per year would be aiming low, since we’re talking about supplying batteries to the biggest electric car market in the world, China,” Push EVs provides notes. Indeed, China electric car sales have been tremendous, accounting for nearly as many sales as all other countries combined. “The reason why I think that LG Chem isn’t announcing figures yet is because this way the company has more negotiating power with the Chinese government, which haven’t been very nice.” In related news, the company is still apparently on track to open a new battery cell manufacturing plant in Poland later this year. “It also seems that LG Chem finally convinced Carlos Ghosn, Nissan CEO to stop producing its own battery cells, so I wouldn’t be surprised if Nissan lets LG Chem to use Sunderland battery plant — as a part of a deal to get better kWh price than GM is getting with the Bolt EV. It’s a win-win situation, Nissan already has battery cell factories all over the world and LG Chem has the best technology. “Ironically, in South Korea, its domestic market, LG Chem isn’t doing very well. Since Kia is using SK Innovation — another South Korean battery cell maker — as its supplier, all eyes are on Hyundai. However until Hyundai decides to boost IONIQ Electric production and its battery capacity to at least 40 kWh, most of the LG Chem battery cells produced in South Korea are going to be used in electric cars manufactured abroad.” That last part is pretty interesting because, as noted a bit further above, LG Chem currently has some of the best electric vehicle battery technology out there. Politics always factors in, though, of course. Not that anything bad has surfaced about SK Innovation’s cells to date (which are used in the BMW i3 and will reportedly be used in Mercedes-Benz electric cars), but it is the case that LG Chem has definitely carved out more of a reputation for itself in recent years. Buy a cool T-shirt or mug in the CleanTechnica store!   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech daily newsletter or weekly newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.

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