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Tural D.,Akdeniz University | Selcukbiricik F.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Yldz O.,Istanbul University | Elcin O.,Istanbul University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical Oncology

Results: Following pre-CRT, significant downstaging was achieved. However, administration of pre-CRT did not influence the type of surgical resection in tumours ≤5 cm distant from the anal verge (p = 0.14). Pathological complete response was achieved in 16 % of the patients in the pre-CRT group. The local recurrence rate (LRR) at 5 years was 5.7 % in the pre-CRT and 11.1 % in the post-CRT groups (p = 0.04). The distant recurrence rate (DRR) at 5 years was 76 % and 77 % in the pre-CRT and post-CRT groups, respectively (p = 0.1). Overall survival was similar in two groups (74.8 % vs. 75.3 %, p = 0.3).Conclusions: The treatment of stage T3, N0 rectal cancer patients with pre-CRT followed by surgery decreased LRR, but did not improve DRR or OS as compared with surgery followed by post-CRT in our patient cohort.Background: The study populations of previous preoperative chemoradiotherapy (pre-CRT) studies have consisted of mixed clinical stages, such as cT3-cT4 and/or cN positive. For this reason, it has not been possible to demonstrate whether pre-CRT is of benefit for individual subgroups.Methods: The medical records of 137 rectal cancer patients with clinical stage T3, N0 disease who received either pre-CRT or postoperative chemoradiotherapy (post-CRT) between 2002 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The regimen of pre-CRT consisted of slow fluorouracil (5FU) infusion and that of post-CRT consisted of bolus 5FU and leucovorin concurrent with radiation. © 2013, Japan Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

Selcukbiricik F.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Tural D.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Erdamar S.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Buyukunal E.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the risk factors for gastric cancer (GC). Any prognostic effect of HER-2 status in gastric lymph node metastasis in H. pylori positive cases is unknown. Materials and Methods: A total of 74 patients, 47 (64%) male, and 27 (34%) female, who had subtotal or total gastrectomy and also positive lymph nodes, were included in the study. Age range was 29-87 years, and median age was 58 years. HER-2 expression was assessed in both gastric resection samples and lymph node material with carcinoma metastasis of the same patient by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and silver in situ hybridization (SISH) methods. H. pylori status was examined in gastric materials of all patients. Relationships between HER-2 status in gastric cancers and lymph nodes and H. pylori status were investigated. Results: H. pylori was positive in 40 cases (54%), and negative in 34 (46%). While in the primary tissues of H. pylori positive cases, SISH positivity for HER-2 was observed in 13 cases (86%), SISH negativity was observed in 2 (14%), in metastatic lymph nodes 21 cases (72%) were SISH positive and 8 cases (28%) were SISH negative (P=0.005 and P=0.019, respectively). Initial CEA values were high in 18 cases (78%) with positive H. pylori and in 5 cases (22%) with negative H. pylori (P=0.009). While SISH data of patients were negative in 59 cases (80%) and positive in 15 cases (20%) in primary tissues, they were negative in 56 cases (75%) and positive in 18 cases (25%) in lymph nodes. Discrepancy between primary tissue and lymph node results was detected in 3 cases, in which SISH was negative in the primary tissue and HER-2 expression was positive in the lymph nodes. Conclusions: Clinical progression was poor in H. pylori positive cases with HER-2 negativity in primary gastric tissue, but HER-2 positivity in the lymph nodes. SISH positivity can be expected in H. pylori positive cases, and it may be predicted that these cases can benefit from trastuzumab treatment. Source

Tural D.,Akdeniz University | Selcukbiricik F.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Sager S.,Istanbul University | Akar E.,Istanbul University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

Background: The present study aims to analyze the impact of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) on management change in patients with suspected or proven colorectal cancer recurrence, and to assess the effect of this management change on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 122 patients with suspected potentially resectable recurrent colorectal cancer who underwent PET/CT scan. We determined management plans for these patients before and after the PET/CT examination. Results: While previous conventional imaging studies had revealed solitary metastases, additional sites of disease were determined by PET/CT scan in 52/122 (42%) patients. PET/CT examination results changed the treatment plan to curative intent in 35 (37%) patients. While the median PFS was 22 months (95% CI, 11.2-32.6 months) among the patients planned to receive curative treatment after the PET/CT scan, it was 11 months (95% CI, 8.1-13.9 months) in patients planned to receive curative treatment before the PET/CT examination, and the difference between median PFS durations was statistically significant (HR, 0.51 [95% CI, 0.32 - 0.88], P = 0.004). Furthermore, OS was significantly longer in patients planned to receive curative treatment after the PET/CT scan (27 months [95% CI, 22.1-31.9]) compared with those who received curative treatment before the PET/CT scan (21 months [95% CI, 15.6 - 26.4]), and the difference was statistically significant (HR, 0.63 [95% CI, 0.42 - 0.89], P = 0.045). Conclusion: The present study demonstrates the significant impact of PET/CT on the management and outcome in patients with recurrent colorectal cancer. Source

Selcukbiricik F.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Erdamar S.,Istanbul University | Buyukunal E.,Istanbul University | Serrdengecti S.,Istanbul University | Demirelli F.,Istanbul University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Background: HER2 expression in the primary tumor and its lymph node metastases vary in gastric cancer, reflecting intratumoral heterogeneity. This finding also suggests that proliferation of a different clone in metastatic nodes is possible. In the current study, we aimed to determine the cause of discordance in HER-2 expression in the primary tumor and lymph node metastases for patients with gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: Eighty-one patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical gastrectomy and were found to have lymph node metastasis upon pathological examination were included. Histopathological samples were obtained from biopsies obtained during patient gastrectomies and lymph node dissection. HER2 status was evaluated by both immunohistochemistry (IHC) and silver in situ hybridization (SISH). Results: Sixty-four (79%) patients were SISH (-), while 17 (21%) were SISH (+) in the primary tumor. However, in metastatic lymph nodes, HER2 status was SISH positive in 5 (28.3%) of the 64 SISH (-) primary tumor specimens. One of the 17 SISH (+) primary tumors was SISH (-) in the metastatic lymph nodes. Thus, SISH results for HER2 in both primary tumors and lymph node metastases were comparable, showing a concordance of 92.5%. In total, six patients demonstrated discordance between the primary tumor and lymph node metastases. The prevalence of HER2 discordance was significantly higher for patients in the pN2 and N3 stages (p=0.007). Although discordant patients had worse survival rates than concordant patients, the differences were not significant (p > 0.05).Conclusions: Our study indicates that the frequency of concordance in HER2 status, as determined by IHC or SISH, is high in primary tumors and their corresponding lymph node metastases for patients with gastric cancer. If there is a discrepancy in HER2 status, its evaluation by both IHC and SISH may be useful for detecting patients who would benefit from trastuzumab, and it would therefore help guide decision-making processes in administering treatment. Source

Selcukbiricik F.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Bilici A.,Sisli Education and Research Hospital | Tural D.,Istanbul University | Erdamar S.,Istanbul University | And 4 more authors.
Tumor Biology

In certain cell culture studies, significant CEA expression was observed in K-ras mutant cells. However, the relationship between high CEA levels and K-ras status has not been sufficiently investigated. In the present study, we aimed to determine the prognostic role of initial CEA and CA 19-9 values in metastatic colorectal cancer patients according to the status of K-ras. Between 2000 and 2010, a total of 215 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who were treated and followed up in our oncology center were analyzed. Smokers were excluded from the study. The clinicopathological findings and initial CEA and CA19-9 values were determined. K-ras mutation analysis was performed using quantitative PCR evaluation of the DNA from the tumor tissues. Eighty-two patients (38.1 %) were female and 133 (61.9 %) were male, with a median age of 59 years (range 27-83). Based on tumor localization, 127 patients (59 %) were classified as colon cancer patients and 88 patients (41 %) were classified as rectal cancer patients. The majority of patients (83.3 %) had pure adenocarcinoma histology, while 36 cases (16.7 %) had mucinous adenocarcinoma. The initial CEA levels were detected to be high (>5 ng/mL) in 108 of the patients (50.2 %), while high levels of initial CA 19-9 (>37 ng/mL) were found in 90 patients (41.8 %). K-ras mutations were detected in 99 of the patients (46 %). K-ras was found to be wild type in 116 patients (54 %). Significant differences were detected between the K-ras wild-type and mutant groups with respect to age and the initial serum CEA levels. Patients with K-ras mutations were younger (p = 0.04) and had higher initial CEA levels (p = 0.02) compared to patients with K-ras wild type. The median overall survival (OS) time and 3-year OS rate for patients with a high initial CEA level (>5 ng/mL) were significantly shorter than those of patients with a low initial CEA level (<5 ng/mL) (50.5 months and 61.8 % vs. 78.6 months and 79.1 %, p = 0.014). Furthermore, the patients with low initial CA 19-9 levels (<37 ng/mL) had a significant better median OS interval and 3-year OS rate (76.1 months and 80.1 %) compared to patients with high initial CA 19-9 levels (>37 ng/mL) (37.6 months and 55.7 %, p = 0.04). Multivariate analysis indicated that stage at the time of diagnosis (p < 0.001) and low initial serum CEA level (p = 0.037) were independent prognostic factors of OS. For K-ras mutant patients, the stage at diagnosis (p = 0.017), low initial serum CEA level (p = 0.001), and low initial serum CA 19-9 level were found to be independent prognostic indicators of OS. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that the presence of a K-ras mutation correlated with high initial CEA and CA 19-9 levels in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Patients with high initial CEA and CA 19-9 levels may potentially predict the presence of a K-ras mutation, and this prediction may guide targeted therapies in these patients. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

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