SINTEF , headquartered in Trondheim, Norway, is the largest independent research organisation in Scandinavia. Every year, SINTEF supports research and development at 2,000 or so Norwegian and overseas companies via its research and development activity. The acronym SINTEF means "The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research". SINTEF was established at the Norwegian Institute of Technology in Trondheim in 1950 and expanded rapidly in the following years. The largest expansion came in 1993 when the "Centre for Industrial Research" in Oslo merged with SINTEF and created the SINTEF Oslo campus. Wikipedia.
Sintef | Date: 2015-06-12
The present invention relates to an absorbent, an absorbent system and a process for removing acidic gas such as CO_(2 )from exhaust gases from fossil fuel fired power stations, from natural gas streams, from blast furnace oven off-gases in iron/steel plants, from cement plant exhaust gas and from reformer gases containing CO_(2 )in mixtures with H_(2)S and COS. The liquid absorbent, a mixture of amine and amino acid salt is contacted with a CO_(2 )containing gas in an absorber and CO_(2 )in the gas stream is absorbed into the liquid. The absorbed CO_(2 )forms more than one type of solid precipitate in the liquid at different absorption stages. In a first absorption stage solid precipitate of amine bicarbonate is formed and is withdrawn as slurry from the bottom of a first absorber section. In a second absorption stage solid precipitate of alkali metal bicarbonate is formed and withdrawn as slurry at the bottom of a second absorber section. The slurry withdrawn from the first absorption section is heated to dissolve the precipitate with CO_(2 )release in an amine flash regeneration tank. The slurry from the second precipitation stage is withdrawn from the bottom of the second absorber section and sent to a regenerator for desorption with CO_(2 )release. The lean amine and amino acid salt mixture from the flash regenerator and desorber are mixed and returned to the top of the absorber. This absorbent system improves carbon dioxide removal efficiency due to its higher CO_(2 )removal ability per cycle when compared with conventional amine, absorbent from organic acid neutralized with inorganic base and carbonate based absorbent system. It exhibits less solvent vaporization loss because part of the absorbent is in salt form.
Sintef | Date: 2017-05-17
The present invention relates to an absorbent, an absorbent system and a process for removing acidic gas such as CO2 from exhaust gases from fossil fuel fired power stations, from natural gas streams, from blast furnace oven off-gases in iron/steel plants, from cement plant exhaust gas and from reformer gases containing CO2 in mixtures with H2S and COS. The liquid absorbent, a mixture of amine and amino acid salt is contacted with a CO2 containing gas in an absorber and CO2 in the gas stream is absorbed into the liquid. The absorbed CO2 forms more than one type of solid precipitate in the liquid at different absorption stages. In a first absorption stage solid precipitate of amine bicarbonate is formed and is withdrawn as slurry from the bottom of a first absorber section. In a second absorption stage solid precipitate of alkali metal bicarbonate is formed and withdrawn as slurry at the bottom of a second absorber section. The slurry withdrawn from the first absorption section is heated to dissolve the precipitate with CO2 release in an amine flash regeneration tank. The slurry from the second precipitation stage is withdrawn from the bottom of the second absorber section and sent to a regenerator for desorption with CO2 release. The lean amine and amino acid salt mixture from the flash regenerator and desorber are mixed and returned to the top of the absorber. This absorbent system improves carbon dioxide removal efficiency due to its higher CO2 removal ability per cycle when compared with conventional amine, absorbent from organic acid neutralized with inorganic base and carbonate based absorbent system. It exhibits less solvent vaporization loss because part of the absorbent is in salt form.
Sintef | Date: 2017-01-04
A method of measuring a property of a medium using ultrasound, comprising: transmitting one or more ultrasound pulses into the medium from one or more transmitters and receiving at least a first echo signal and a second echo signal from within the medium at one or more receivers, wherein the first and second echo signals correspond to first and second pulse transmission paths within the medium from the one or more sources to the one or more receivers, the second path being different from the first path; and using the characteristics of the first and second echo signals together with an estimate of the property of the medium and a geometrical relationship between the first and second transmission paths to calculate a revised estimate of said property of the medium. By using two different beam paths within the medium, the first and second echoes will have had slightly different interactions with the medium. For example the different paths may well have different lengths thus giving different amounts of interaction such as different amplitude or phase effects on the different pulses. By comparing the similarities and differences between the pulses, certain properties of the medium can be discerned. Many different properties can be investigated using these principles. In particular, the speed of sound in a medium can be measured and the direction and magnitude of a flow or particle movement within the medium can be measured. An iterative process may be used.
Sintef | Date: 2017-03-08
Measuring system for measuring the properties of an organic material, e.g. meat, comprising a light source unit emitting light within at least one chosen range of wavelengths, the light source unit being coupled to a light guide in a ferrule being adapted to be introduced into said material, the system also comprising detector means for being adapted to receive light within said at least two wavelength ranges comprised within said emitted range of wavelengths, having passed through a chosen length in said material, and analyzing means for evaluating the condition of the material based on the measured absorption in the material in said at least two ranges of wavelengths
Sintef | Date: 2017-02-08
A method for detection and imaging of ultrasound contrast agents using multi-pulse transmit schemes, is described. The method is based on transmitting at least two pulses along each radial image line, where the purpose is to introduce a physical movement or a change in ultrasound scattering properties for the contrast agent. The image reconstruction is based on combining the received echoes resulting from at least two transmit pulses for suppression of tissue signal and detection and imaging of contrast agent signal.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: BG-01-2016 | Award Amount: 12.22M | Year: 2017
The GENIALG project aims to boost the Blue Biotechnology Economy (BBE) by increasing the production and sustainable exploitation of two high-yielding species of the EU seaweed biomass: the brown alga Saccharina latissima and the green algae Ulva spp. GENIALG will demonstrate the economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of cultivating and refining seaweed biomass in multiple use demanded products of marine renewable origin. The consortium integrates available knowledge in algal biotechnology and ready to use reliable eco-friendly tools and methods for selecting and producing high yielding strains in economically feasible quantities and qualities. By cracking the biomass and supplying a wide diversity of chemical compounds for existing as well as new applications and markets, GENIALG will anticipate the economic, social and environmental impacts of such developments in term of economic benefit and job opportunities liable to increase the socio-economic value of the blue biotechnology sector. In a larger frame, conservation and biosafety issues will be addressed as well as more social aspects such as acceptability and competition for space and water regarding other maritime activities. To achieve these objectives GENIALG will foster a trans-sectorial and complementary consortium of scientists and private companies. GENIALG will involve a diversity of private companies already positioned in the seaweed sector individually for different applications (texturants, feed, agriculture, bioplastics, pharmaceuticals, personal care products) in order to strengthen interactions for developing a bio-refinery concept and accelerate efficient and sustainable exploitation of seaweed biomass to bring new high-value products on the market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 25.43M | Year: 2017
Automated driving is expected to increase safety, provide more comfort and create many new business opportunities for mobility services. The market size is expected to grow gradually reaching 50% of the market in 2035. The IoT is about enabling connections between objects or things; its about connecting anything, anytime, anyplace, using any service over any network. There is little doubt that these vehicles will be part of the IoT revolution. Indeed, connectivity and IoT have the capacity for disruptive impacts on highly and fully automated driving along all value chains towards a global vision of Smart Anything Everywhere. In order to stay competitive, the European automotive industry is investing in connected and automated driving with cars becoming moving objects in an IoT ecosystem eventually participating in BigData for Mobility. AUTOPILOT brings IoT into the automotive world to transform connected vehicles into highly and fully automated vehicle. The well-balanced AUTOPILOT consortium represents all relevant areas of the IoT eco-system. IoT open vehicle platform and an IoT architecture will be developed based on the existing and forthcoming standards as well as open source and vendor solutions. Thanks to AUTOPILOT, the IoT eco-system will involve vehicles, road infrastructure and surrounding objects in the IoT, with a particular attention to safety critical aspects of automated driving. AUTOPILOT will develop new services on top of IoT to involve autonomous driving vehicles, like autonomous car sharing, automated parking, or enhanced digital dynamic maps to allow fully autonomous driving. AUTOPILOT IoT enabled autonomous driving cars will be tested, in real conditions, at four permanent large scale pilot sites in Finland, France, Netherlands and Italy, whose test results will allow multi-criteria evaluations (Technical, user, business, legal) of the IoT impact on pushing the level of autonomous driving.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 34.71M | Year: 2017
The IoF2020 project is dedicated to accelerate adoption of IoT for securing sufficient, safe and healthy food and to strengthen competitiveness of farming and food chains in Europe. It will consolidate Europes leading position in the global IoT industry by fostering a symbiotic ecosystem of farmers, food industry, technology providers and research institutes. The IoF2020 consortium of 73 partners, led by Wageningen UR and other core partners of previous key projects such as FIWARE and IoT-A, will leverage the ecosystem and architecture that was established in those projects. The heart of the project is formed by 19 use cases grouped in 5 trials with end users from the Arable, Dairy, Fruits, Vegetables and Meat verticals and IoT integrators that will demonstrate the business case of innovative IoT solutions for a large number of application areas. A lean multi-actor approach focusing on user acceptability, stakeholder engagement and sustainable business models will boost technology and market readiness levels and bring end user adoption to the next stage. This development will be enhanced by an open IoT architecture and infrastructure of reusable components based on existing standards and a security and privacy framework. Anticipating vast technological developments and emerging challenges for farming and food, the 4-year project stays agile through dynamic budgeting and adaptive decision-making by an implementation board of representatives from key user organizations. A 6 M mid-term open call will allow for testing intermediate results and extending the project with technical solutions and test sites. A coherent dissemination strategy for use case products and project learnings supported by leading user organizations will ensure a high market visibility and an increased learning curve. Thus IoF2020 will pave the way for data-driven farming, autonomous operations, virtual food chains and personalized nutrition for European citizens.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMBP-10-2016 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2017
The overall objective of B-SMART is: 1. to design modular nanoparticles, 2. to manufacture them via a quality-by-design protocol, 3. to achieve delivery of therapeutic RNAs to the brain and treat neurodegenerative diseases. I. To design modular nanoparticles consisting of o an active RNA payload o established (lipid-based), emerging (trigger-responsive polymer-based) or exploratory (extracellular vesicle-based) nanoparticles o a targeting ligand consisting of the variable domain of heavy chain only antibodies (also known as VHHs or nanobodies), which are coupled to the carrier platform II. To manufacture the modular nanoparticles using a microfluidic assembly system that will ensure quality-by-design: uniform nanoparticles across research sites and excellent control over the physico-chemical parameters. III. To test pre-clinical activity of formulations with promising in vitro activity with good cell/blood compatibility and to select the best RNA-formulation for clinical translation to treat neurodegenerative diseases. Pre-clinical efficacy is tested after o local injection o nasal administration o systemic administration The neurodegenerative diseases carry a high burden for patients since they are without exception progressive. But they also carry a substantial socio-economic burden with estimated costs of 130 billion euro. per year (2008). IV. The technical work in B-SMART will be supported by project management. It ensures that the project is coordinated in a clear, unambiguous and mutually acceptable manner and that the project achieves its objectives, within the given financial and time constraints. in B-SMART we expect to arrive at a scale-able nanoparticle formulation with uniform characteristics that shows strong pre-clinical evidence of therapeutic efficacy and is ready for clinical translation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BIOTEC-02-2016 | Award Amount: 6.43M | Year: 2017
Municipal solids waste (MSW) are collected by municipalities and represents more than 500 kg/capita (EU-27 average), 300 million tonnes overall every year in the EU-32. Currently, approximately 50% of this volume is landfilled. More than 1.3 million tonnes of Marine rest raw material (MRRM) are generated in Europe each year. Some countries, such as Norway and Denmark, have traditionally for animal feed. It will therefore be a challenge for the industry to develop methods to turn fish viscera and skin, currently considered as undesirable raw materials for hydrolysis and human consumption, into profitable products. DAFIA will exploit MSW and MRRM as feedstocks for high value products. The parallel exploitation of the two feedstocks may create synergies. This expertise will be utilised in process development from MSW, while at the same time, new added-value products may be identified from both feed stocks. The main objective of the DAFIA project is to explore the conversion routes of municipal solid waste (MSW), and marine rest raw-materials (MRRM) from the fish processing industries, to obtain high added value products, i.e. flame retardants, edible/barrier coatings and chemical building blocks (dicarboxylic acids and diamine) to produce polyamides and polyesters for a wide range industrial applications. Different value-chains and products will be selected and explored based on the potential commercial value and the technical feasibility including new microbial strains and processes for conversion of major feedstock fractions, enzymatic and chemical modifications of components isolated from the feedstock or produced in microbial processes. Up to four cost-effective molecule groups suitable for the final selected applications will be targeted (nucleic acids, dicarboxylic acids, diamines and gelatine), & two value-chains (MSW & MRRM) will be evaluated at pilot scale to reach TRL5.