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Chen S.-J.,National Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Jhang C.,Sinotech Engineering Consultants
Journal of Constructional Steel Research | Year: 2011

This paper describes the study of the low-yield-point (LYP) steel plate shear walls under in-plane load. In the LYP steel plate shear wall system, LYP steel was selected for the steel plate wall while the boundary frame was constructed by the high strength structural steel. A series of experimental studies examined the inelastic shear buckling behavior of the LYP steel plate wall under monotonic in-plane load. The effects of width-to-thickness ratio on the shear buckling of LYP steel plates were examined. The stiffness, strength, deformation, and energy dissipation characteristics were investigated by performing cyclic loading tests on the multistorey LYP steel plate shear walls. Excellent deformation and energy dissipation capacity were obtained for all specimens tested. The LYP steel plate shear wall system is able to exceed 5% of storey drift angle under lateral force. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Lo C.-M.,Sinotech Engineering Consultants | Lin M.-L.,National Taiwan University | Tang C.-L.,National Taiwan University | Hu J.-C.,National Taiwan University
Engineering Geology | Year: 2011

This paper presents results of a case study on the Hsiaolin catastrophic landslide, including its kinematic process and the geometry of deposition. Based on geomorphologic analysis, the landslide initiated in thick, multi-aged colluvium soils at the headwaters of a small stream upslope of Hsiaolin village. A 3D discrete element program, PFC3D was used to model the kinematic process that led to the landslide and destruction of Hsiaolin village. The landslide advanced from debris slide to debris avalanche during the kinematic process. Assuming a friction coefficient of each particle of 0.1, the predicted maximum velocity was about 70. m/s, a velocity which permits the debris to cross Qishanxi stream and deposit on the opposite bank. Based on simulation results, Hsiaolin village was inundated in 60 to 65. s after failure initiation and at 112. s after the event, the debris avalanche came to rest, forming a landslide dam. © 2011. Source


Lin T.K.,Sinotech Engineering Consultants | Hung S.L.,National Chiao Tung University | Huang C.S.,National Chiao Tung University
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics | Year: 2012

This paper intends to detect the damage locations for building structures under an earthquake excitation using a novel substructure-based FRF approach with a damage location index (SubFRFDI). An Imote2.NET-based wireless structural health monitoring system was developed and employed in the experimental studies for the sake of deployment flexibility, low maintenance cost, low power consumption, self-organization capability, and wireless communication capability. The feasibility of the proposed approach for damage detection was examined using the numerical response of a six-storey shear plane frame structure subjected to a base excitation. The results demonstrate that the SubFRFDI can be successfully used to identify the damage of different levels at a single site or multiple sites. The SubFRFDI is independent of the responses to various input earthquake excitations. Even with the addition of noises, the SubFRFDI still functions well. The feasibility and robustness of the proposed Imote2.NET-based wireless structural health monitoring system were assessed using a 1/8-scale three-storey steel-frame model. Following this, the proposed SubFRFDI was further applied to identifying the damage locations in a 1/4-scale six-storey steel structure with the proposed Imote2.NET-based wireless monitoring system. It was confirmed experimentally that good data transportation quality can be achieved via reliable data transmission and sensing protocol in identifying the structural dynamic properties, and the proposed SubFRFDI can be used to identify the damage locations effectively. © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Company. Source


Wei Y.-C.,Sinotech Engineering Consultants | Sasanakul I.,University of South Carolina | Abdoun T.,Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics | Year: 2016

The main objective of this study is to investigate systematically the lateral earth pressure induced by the cone penetration test (CPT) conducted at various distances from the rigid container wall. A series of centrifuge CPTs were performed in dry Ottawa sand using two miniature penetrometers with diameters of 4 and 12 mm. The CPT locations varied from 2 to 42 times the cone diameter. The change of lateral earth pressure was measured using tactile pressure sensors. Results from this study have shown that the lateral earth pressure change was mainly associated with the initial relative density of soil, the distance away from the testing location and the diameter of the cone penetrometer. The change of lateral pressure can be as large as 150–200 kPa at a distance of 2–4 times the diameter of the CPT. The effect of initial soil relative density on the change of lateral earth pressure was greater when using the 4mm CPT than the 12mm CPT. Some residual lateral pressure was observed after completion of the CPT in dense sand tests. © 2016, ICE Publishing. All Rights Reserved. Source


Lee C.-F.,Sinotech Engineering Consultants | Chou H.-T.,National Central University | Capart H.,National Taiwan University
Powder Technology | Year: 2013

The axial segregation of granular flows in rotating drums is closely correlated to the material properties and side-wall friction. In this study, experimental work with two different types of sidewall roughness is performed to characterize the frictional effect of the side walls. In one case both walls are smooth and in the other each sidewall has a different roughness. The evolution of the Rayleigh-instability core inside the granular assembly varies with the aspect ratio of the drums. By increasing the Froude number, the axial banding expands with increasing side-wall roughness. The asymmetrical banding stripe is enhanced by the differential frictional roughness on either side wall. Axial segregation is driven by both the variation in the size ratio of the mixtures and the drum geometrical parameters. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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