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Chakraborty S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Khopade A.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Biao R.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Jian W.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic | Year: 2011

A halopalkaliphilic marine Saccharopolyspora sp. stain A9 with an ability to produce surfactants, oxidant and detergent stable α-amylase was isolated from marine sediments collected from west coast of India. The α-amylase from strain A9 was purified to homogeneity with the aid of ammonium sulfate precipitation and gel filtration chromatography by using Sephadex G-75, insoluble corn starch and sephacryl S-100 column, with a 39.01-fold increase in specific activity. SDS-PAGE and zymogram activity staining showed a single band equal to molecular mass of 66 kDa. Enzyme was found to be stable in presence of wide range of NaCl concentration with maximum activity found at 11% (w/v) of NaCl. Enzyme showed remarkable stability towards laboratory surfactants, detergents and oxidants. Glucose, maltose and maltotriose were the main end product of starch hydrolysis, indicating it is α-amylase. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Khopade A.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Biao R.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Liu X.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Mahadik K.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | And 3 more authors.
Desalination | Year: 2012

A potential biosurfactant producing strain, marine Nocardiopsis B4 was isolated from the West coast of India. Culture conditions involving variations in carbon and nitrogen sources were examined at constant pH, temperature and revolutions per min (rpm), with the aim of increasing productivity in the process. The biosurfactant production was followed by measuring the surface tension, emulsification assay and emulsifying index E24. Enhanced biosurfactant production was carried out using olive oil as the carbon source and phenyl alanine as the nitrogen source. The maximum production of the biosurfactant by Nocardiopsis occurred at a C/N ratio of 2:1 and the optimized bioprocess condition was pH 7.0, temperature 30° C and salt concentration 3%. The production of the biosurfactant was growth dependent. The surface tension was reduced up to 29. mN/m as well as the emulsification index E24 was 80% in 6 to 9. days. Properties of the biosurfactant that was separated by acid precipitation were investigated. The biosurfactant activity was stable at high temperature, a wide range of pH and salt concentrations thus, indicating its application in bioremediation, food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Zhiang W.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Kokare C.,Sinhgad Institute of Pharmacy
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules | Year: 2014

A Nocardiopsis sp. stain B2 with an ability to produce stable α-amylase was isolated from marine sediments. The characterization of microorganism was done by biochemical tests and 16S rDNA sequencing. The α-amylase was purified by gel filtration chromatography by using sephadex G-75. The molecular mass of the amylase was found to be 45kDa by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration chromatography. The isolated α-amylase was immobilized by ionotropic gelation technique using gellan gum (GG). These microspheres were spherical with average particle size of 375.62±21.76 to 492.54±32.18μm. The entrapment efficiency of these α-amylase loaded GG microspheres was found 74.76±1.32 to 87.64±1.52%. Characterization of α-amylase-gellan gum microspheres was confirmed using FTIR and SEM analysis. The in vitro amylase release kinetic have been studied by various mathematical models that follow the Korsmeyer-Peppas model (R2=0.9804-0.9831) with anomalous (non-Fickian) diffusion release mechanism. © 2014.

Datar P.A.,Sinhgad Institute of Pharmacy
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis | Year: 2015

Abstract Bioanalytical methods are widely used for quantitative estimation of drugs and their metabolites in physiological matrices. These methods could be applied to studies in areas of human clinical pharmacology and toxicology. The major bioanalytical services are method development, method validation and sample analysis (method application). Various methods such as GC, LC-MS/MS, HPLC, HPTLC, micellar electrokinetic chromatography, and UFLC have been used in laboratories for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of carbamazepine in biological samples throughout all phases of clinical research and quality control. The article incorporates various reported methods developed to help analysts in choosing crucial parameters for new method development of carbamazepine and its derivatives and also enumerates metabolites, and impurities reported so far. © 2015 The Authors.

Bobade V.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Bodhankar S.L.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Aswar U.,Sinhgad Institute of Pharmacy | Vishwaraman M.,Indus Biotech Private Ltd | Thakurdesai P.,Indus Biotech Private Ltd
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2015

The present study aimed at evaluation of prophylactic efficacy and possible mechanisms of asiaticoside (AS) based standardized extract of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban leaves (INDCA) in animal models of migraine. The effects of oral and intranasal (i.n.) pretreatment of INDCA (acute and 7-days subacute) were evaluated against nitroglycerine (NTG, 10 mg·kg-1, i.p.) and bradykinin (BK, 10 μg, intra-arterial) induced hyperalgesia in rats. Tail flick latencies (from 0 to 240 min) post-NTG treatment and the number of vocalizations post-BK treatment were recorded as a measure of hyperalgesia. Separate groups of rats for negative (Normal) and positive (sumatriptan, 42 mg·kg-1, s.c.) controls were included. The interaction of INDCA with selective 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, and 5-HT1D receptor antagonists (NAN-190, Isamoltane hemifumarate, and BRL-15572 respectively) against NTG-induced hyperalgesia was also evaluated. Acute and sub-acute pre-treatment of INDCA [10 and 30 mg·kg-1 (oral) and 100 μg/rat (i.n.) showed significant anti-nociception activity, and reversal of the NTG-induced hyperalgesia and brain 5-HT concentration decline. Oral pre-treatment with INDCA (30 mg·kg-1, 7 d) showed significant reduction in the number of vocalization. The anti-nociceptive effects of INDCA were blocked by 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B but not 5-HT1D receptor antagonists. In conclusion, INDCA demonstrated promising anti-nociceptive effects in animal models of migraine, probably through 5-HT1A/1B medicated action. © 2015 China Pharmaceutical University.

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