Povoa P.,Simtejo |
Nobre A.,Simtejo |
Leitao P.,HIDROMOD |
Galvao P.,HIDROMOD |
And 4 more authors.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2015
Managing combined sewage systems in large cities discharging to coastal waters, often bearing recreational activities, remains a challenge. Studying the impacts of such discharges requires the development of specific models. Hydrodynamic and water quality modelling of coastal waters employs numerical methods and algorithms, leading to the design of complex models which require expert use. The use of such models as decision support tools to simulate discharge impacts and define adequate corrective measures could represent a key part in meeting this challenge. In this paper, the authors describe the work undertaken to develop an operational decision support system (ODSS) methodology aiming to enable wastewater utilities' non-expert staff to carry out user-friendly scenario analysis based on computational fluid dynamics simulations. This article depicts the application and validation of the ODSS to the combined sewage system and the Tagus estuary of the city of Lisbon in Portugal. The ODSS was used for simulating the effects in the receiving coastal waters of a discharge caused by a scheduled maintenance operation in the sewage infrastructure. Results show that the use of such ODSS by non-expert staff increases their decision capabilities and knowledge of the wastewater utility's contribution to reducing negative impacts of sewage discharges on the receiving water bodies.
Viegas R.M.C.,National Laboratory for Civil Engineering |
Mesquita E.,National Laboratory for Civil Engineering |
Campinas M.,National Laboratory for Civil Engineering |
Inocencio P.,Simtejo |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination | Year: 2015
Sustainable water management must nowadays consider alternative water sources and the use of reclaimed water is a good candidate. Low-pressure ceramic membrane filtration is an emerging option for safe water reclamation given its high mechanical and chemical robustness with safety and operational advantages. One-year pilot studies of hybrid coagulation-ceramic filtration were developed in Portugal in two wastewater treatment plants in the Lisbon metropolitan area. The results obtained demonstrated the technology’s effectiveness, reliability and efficiency towards water quality, with the hybrid process consistently producing water highly clarified (monthly median <0.1 NTU), bacteria-free and with reduced organic matter content, regardless of the strong and severe variations in its intake. © IWA Publishing 2015.