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Barranquilla, Colombia

The authors review the concept of quality by various authors, highlighting the definition of quality in health Donavedian Avedis. We present the rules of the quality assurance system in Colombia and discusses the perception of different actors in the system. After a review of the various health sector reforms in Latin America, stands which have had the axle, the improvement of the system from the increased coverage or strengthening of financing. The run raises the need for fundamental reforms, focusing on processes aimed at introducing substantive changes in the various sector entities and functions in order to increase equity in their performance, their management efficiency and effectiveness of its actions and thereby achieving the satisfaction of the health needs of the population, with the indispensable accompaniment of the academy, as an articulator of knowledge in society.

Determining the physical functionality of institutionalised elderly people living in Barranquilla, Colombia A cross-sectional descriptive study was designed for use with 469 elderly people (214 residents living in geriatric households and 255 members of the geriatric club/group). Physical functionality was evaluated in terms of dependence or independence regarding basic activities using the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living and the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL) for instrumental activities. 73.6 % of the elderly were female and 26.4 % male; their mean age was 76 years (SD=8.9). There was a risk of greater functional dependence in carrying out basic daily life activities when elderly people had a medical history [OR 3.0 (2.0-4.5 CI)], were institutionalised [OR 87.5 (12.0-1,789.9 CI)] and walked/wandered or moved with help/support [OR 19.4 (19.8-35.1 CI)]. Risks of dependence concerning instrumental activities in daily living was higher amongst those living in a geriatric home [OR 77.8 (28.6-224.3 CI)] and moving around with help/support [OR 7.1 (3.5-14.5 CI)]. Elderly functionality was related to place of residence, reliance on aid or support when walking/wandering around and having a medical history.

Dias F.B.S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Quartier M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Quartier M.,University of Neuchatel | Mejia G.,Simon Bolivar University of Colombia | And 5 more authors.
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2014

Background: The rising number of acute cases of Chagas disease in the State of Pará, reported in the past two decades, has been associated, in part, with the ingestion of juice of local palm tree fruits, mainly açaí berry and bacaba. Near the study area, in Santarém, Pará State, an outbreak of Chagas disease has been notified and investigations suggest the consumption of bacaba juice as the main source of infection with T. cruzi. The purpose of this study is to assess the aspects associated to the ecology of Rhodnius robustus in palm trees of three communities of the Tapajós region, in the State of Pará, Brazil. Methods. Palm trees were cut down and dissected to search for triatomines. DNA from triatomines was extracted to investigate natural infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and T. rangeli. For statistical analyzes, data from infestation of palm trees, as well as the rates of natural infection by T. cruzi and T. rangeli were compared by Chi-square test. Triatomine density values were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal Wallis test and then comparisons between each pair of variables were made by the Mann-Whitney test assuming a confidence interval of 95%. Results: We dissected 136 palm trees, 60 at the end of the rainy period and 76 at the end of the dry period. Seventy-three of them (53.7%) were infested with triatomines and three species were found, namely: Rhodnius robustus, Rhodnius pictipes and Panstrongylus lignarius. We collected 743 triatomines, and R. robustus was predominant (n = 739). The identification of natural infection of the insects by trypanosomatids revealed that 125 triatomines were infected by T. cruzi, 69 by T. rangeli and 14 presented both parasites, indicating the presence of mixed infection in the same vector. Conclusion: The results suggest that São Tomé is the community with greater density of triatomines and infestation of palm trees; also, it demonstrates the existence of an intense sylvatic cycle in the region, which demands intensive surveillance to prevent human transmission. © 2014 Dias et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Maestre-Serrano R.,Laboratorio Of Salud Publica | Maestre-Serrano R.,Simon Bolivar University of Colombia | Eyes-Escalante M.,University of the Atlantic
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental | Year: 2012

The department of Atlántico in Colombia is considered non-endemic for Chagas disease, however there are risk factors associated with the presence of vector species. According to the last record of distribution of triatomine species in Colombia, this department only reported the presence of Triatoma maculata. The objective of this article a is to update the presence and distribution of triatomine species in urban and rural areas in Atlántico-Colombia. A retrospective study was performed based on Atlántico's records of triatomines between the years 2003 to 2010. During the period studied the following species were recorded: Panstrongylus geniculatus in the municipalities of Piojó, Tubará, Puerto Colombia, Barranquilla, Soledad and Luruaco; Eratyrus cuspidatus in the municipalities of Piojó and Tubará and T. maculata in Puerto Colombia. These results broaden the distribution of triatomines in Atlántico department and Colombian Caribbean region.

Beltran Y.H.,Simon Bolivar University of Colombia | Escolar J.H.,University of San Buenaventura | Anaya R.D.,University of San Buenaventura
Salud Uninorte | Year: 2012

Objective: Estimating the stages of change in relation to physical activity in young university people of both sexes. Methods: Cross-sectional study on 301 students of a private University in the city of Cartagena. Physical activity levels were estimated from the energy expenditure in METs, using the short version of the International physical activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The stages of change through a survey that found six stages: precontemplación, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance and relapse. The differences between the groups identified by Chi2 test. Results: 60% of respondents are in the first three stages of change and only 44%t are physically active. Students categorized in stages precontemplatión, contemplation and preparation presented lower energy expenditure (EMT); while subjects in action and maintenance stages showed greater consumption. Conclusions: There is a significant relationship between energy expenditure (METs) and the stages of change for physical activity. It is suggested that interventions to promote physical activity should consider each stage of change.

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