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AUSTIN, TX, United States

Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Air Force | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 150.00K | Year: 2015

ABSTRACT: The principal thrust of the proposed research is the development and testing of a high-speed (MHz range) sensor for measuring the shear stress beneath a hypersonic boundary layer at elevated temperatures. The development of such a sensor will enable the Air-Force to develop more robust empirical models for predicting the wall shear stress in complex 3-D flows. The proposed sensor innovation uses high temperature ferroelectric materials to measure pressure and shear stress across two dimensions. This approach leverages micromachining (i.e., MEMS) processing techniques and aims to achieve all critical Air Force specifications including broadband response to 1-MHz frequencies at high operating temperatures (up to 1,200 K). Testing will be performed using aerodynamic facilities at The University of Texas at Austin. BENEFIT: There is presently a lack of sensors capable of directly measuring shear under the extreme flow conditions encountered in advanced vehicles like the HIFiRE, X-51. The proposed innovation aims to alleviate this void in the form of a compact, robust, broadband shear sensor. The application pool is broad and encompasses the development of advanced weaponry, supersonic combustion, or simply innovative diagnostic tools for test facilities like AEDC.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: National Institutes of Health | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 509.00K | Year: 2015

Project Summary We aim to introduce to the hearing assistive device industry directional microphones with high signal to noise ratio and the first commercialized microphone that combines all three axes of acoustic pressure gradient onto a single silicon chip We expect the technology to empower the signal processing community with a new tool which when used in conjunction with a conventional omnidirectional microphone will facilitate new features like ultra sharp directionality adaptable in real time by the user and or artificial intelligence algorithms which scan for desired inputs while filtering out unwanted noise Directional sensing and the ability to filter out undesirable background acoustic noise are important for those with hearing impairments Hearing impairment is associated with a loss of fidelity to quiet sounds while the threshold of pain remains the same As such hearing impairment causes a loss of dynamic range or window of detectable sound amplitudes Directional sensing enables preferentially amplifying desired sounds without amplifying background noise As the first step we aim to accelerate the commercialization of recently introduced biologically inspired rocking style microphones by synthesizing these designs with integrated robust piezoelectric readout which is ideal for addressing the low power small size and high levels of integration required of the hearing aid industry Previous work in this field using laboratory prototypes and optical readout have demonstrated the merits of the biologically inspired sensing approach i e a simultaneous dB SNR improvement and x reduction size improvement beyond what is achievable with present day hearing aid or MEMS microphones By synthesizing a piezoelectric embodiment as an alternative to optical readout we aim to accelerate through many of the commercialization challenges so that an impact to the hearing device industry can be made Further the proposed readout is better adapted towards integrating multiple microphones in the same silicon chip We aim to integrate a microphone with both in plane axis of directivity with an out of plane directional design to form a complete axis pressure gradient sensor Project Narrative Studies show that today of Americans wear a hearing aid whereas at least of Americans could benefit from a hearing assistive device The major reason for this gap is patient dissatisfaction Hearing aid wearers suffer from what is known as the cocktail party effect When the gain is turned up to hear the person speaking across from you noises in the background are equally amplified making every scenario sound like a cocktail party This research aims to make a positive long term improvement to hearing aid patient satisfaction by making commercially available directional microphones with high fidelity


In one aspect, an apparatus is disclosed comprising: a housing; a proof mass movable within the housing; an optical element mounted on one of the housing and the proof mass; a reflective element on the other one of the housing and the proof mass; a light source configured to illuminate grating and minor; and one or more detectors configured to detect light incident from the reflective element and the diffractive element and generate a signal indicative of the relative displacement of proof mass and the housing.


An apparatus includes a coil suspended in a magnetic field, and an optical detector to detect displacement of the coil in response to a stimulus. The apparatus further includes a feedback circuit coupled to the optical detector and to the coil. A coil constant of the apparatus may be configured to a desired value.


An apparatus includes a coil suspended in a magnetic field and an optical detector to detect displacement of the coil in response to a stimulus. The apparatus further includes a feedback circuit to program a gain of the sensor, wherein the feedback circuit is coupled to the optical detector and to the coil.

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