Sikkim, India

Sikkim Manipal University is a co-educational public-private funded university located in Gangtok, Sikkim, India. It was established in 1995 and is the first government-private initiative in the region. Wikipedia.


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Sharma M.,Sikkim Manipal University | Sharma K.,Sikkim Manipal University
Proceedings - International Conference on Communication Systems and Network Technologies, CSNT 2012 | Year: 2012

This paper studies LEACH protocol, some of its modified versions and finally puts forward a new version of LEACH called Energy Efficient Extended LEACH (EEE LEACH) protocol. This new version of LEACH protocol establishes multilevel clustering approach to minimize communication distance between nodes and introduces Master Cluster Heads along with Cluster Heads. Simulation has been done in MATLAB and simulation results show that EEE LEACH is more energy-efficient than LEACH protocol. © 2012 IEEE.


Lama P.,Sikkim Manipal University | Tamang B.K.,Sikkim Manipal University | Kulkarni J.,Sikkim Manipal University
Anatomical Science International | Year: 2016

The tricuspid valve complex has been studied since the beginning of the twentieth century, and variations in the structural orientation of the tricuspid leaflets has been reported before, as the occurrence of accessory leaflets poses a major problem during surgeries related to the tricuspid valve. In this study, 36 adult formalin-fixed human hearts were analyzed to compare the number, form and size of the tricuspid leaflets. The result shows that in right ventricles, the number of leaflets can vary from the routine three to as many as seven, and the localization of such accessory leaflets of the tricuspid valve differs between specimens. Five leaflet forms were the most common, and the ‘typical’ form of tricuspid valves with no accessory leaflets was only present in a small percentage of the cases studied. Measurements of the main and accessory leaflets showed that the anterior leaflets were the largest, followed by the inferior leaflets, while the septal and the accessory leaflets were the smallest in size. On the basis of these results, it is suggested that three leaflets of the tricuspid valve are relatively uncommon, with frequent occurrences of accessory leaflets. The multicuspidal form of the tricuspid valve therefore raises concern about understanding the functional and physiological significance of the accessory leaflets. © 2015, Japanese Association of Anatomists.


Cloud computing is actually a model for enabling convenient, limitless, on demand network access to a shared pool of computing resource. This paper describes some aspect of cloud architecture including cloud based information mechanism, especially useful in information system. Paper mention about the challenges and opportunities of cloud based model. At last we mental the main SWOT in respect of information delivery mechanism. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Poonia S.,Sikkim Manipal University | Singh T.S.,Sikkim Manipal University | Tsering D.C.,Sikkim Manipal University
Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Contamination of water, food, and environment with antibiotic-resistant bacteria poses a serious public health issue. Objective: The objective was to study the bacterial pollution of the natural sources of water in east Sikkim and to determine the antimicrobial profile of the bacterial isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 225 samples, 75 each during winter, summer, and monsoon season were collected from the same source in every season for bacteriological analysis by membrane filtration method. Antibiotic susceptibility test was performed using standard disc diffusion method. Results: A total of 19 bacterial species of the genera Escherichia, Klebsiella, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Morganella, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Flavobacterium, and Serratia were isolated and their antimicrobial sensitivity tested. Generally, most bacterial isolates except Salmonella and Shigella species were found resistant to commonly used antibiotics such as ampicillin (57.5%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxaole (39.1%), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (37.4%), cefixime (34.5%), tetracycline (29.1%), ceftazidime (26.3%), ofloxacin (25.9%), amikacin (8.7%), and gentamicin (2.7%) but sensitive to imipenem and piperacillin/tazobactam. Conclusion: Natural sources of water in east Sikkim are grossly contaminated with bacteria including enteropathogens. The consumption of untreated water from these sources might pose health risk to consumers. © 2014 Indian Journal of Community Medicine. All Rights Reserved.


Senthilkumar L.,Sikkim Manipal University
Proceedings - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Technology Enhanced Education, ICTEE 2012 | Year: 2012

The advent of Web 2.0 has revolutionized the Internet as an inevitable resource of information in today's human age. The earlier version of World Wide Web (WWW) presented a way communication while the newer version has opened up the avenues for instant and collaborative interaction with rest of the world. This evolution has prompted the deployment of new and innovative services on the web. One such tool which has taken a centre stage in today's Internet age is the Social Networking (SN). In this paper an attempt is been made to demonstrate how these SN tools could be used as an effective learning tool in the higher education space. The paper also discusses how the different features available in these SN sites - platform could be harnessed for monitoring and evaluation. The paper highlights the usage of other online tools along with this SN tool to create an effective and efficient online Teaching and Learning space. © 2012 IEEE.


Dasgupta H.,Sikkim Manipal University
Sensing and Imaging | Year: 2016

The objective of this work is to make a neural network function approximation model to detect human age from the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal. The input vectors of the neural network are the Katz fractal dimension of the ECG signal, frequencies in the QRS complex, male or female (represented by numeric constant) and the average of successive R–R peak distance of a particular ECG signal. The QRS complex has been detected by short time Fourier transform algorithm. The successive R peak has been detected by, first cutting the signal into periods by auto-correlation method and then finding the absolute of the highest point in each period. The neural network used in this problem consists of two layers, with Sigmoid neuron in the input and linear neuron in the output layer. The result shows the mean of errors as (Formula presented.) , 1.03, 0.79 years and the standard deviation of errors as 1.81, 1.77, 2.70 years during training, cross validation and testing with unknown data sets, respectively. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Imtaiyaz Hassan M.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Shajee B.,Sikkim Manipal University | Ahmad F.,Jamia Millia Islamia University
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

The carbonic anhydrases enzymes (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) are zinc containing metalloproteins, which efficiently catalyse the reversible conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and release proton. These enzymes are essentially important for biological system and play several important physiological and patho-physiological functions. There are 16 different alpha-carbonic anhydrase isoforms studied, differing widely in their cellular localization and biophysical properties. The catalytic domains of all CAs possess a conserved tertiary structure fold, with predominately β-strands. We performed an extensive analysis of all 16 mammalian CAs for its structure and function in order to establish a structure-function relationship. CAs have been a potential therapeutic target for many diseases. Sulfonamides are considered as a strong and specific inhibitor of CA, and are being used as diuretics, anti-glaucoma, anti-epileptic, anti-ulcer agents. Currently CA inhibitors are widely used as a drug for the treatment of neurological disorders, anti-glaucoma drugs, anti-cancer, or anti-obesity agents. Here we tried to emphasize how CAs can be used for drug discovery, design and screening. Furthermore, we discussed the role of CA in carbon capture, carbon sensor and metabolon. We hope this review provide many useful information on structure, function, mechanism, and applications of CAs in various discipline. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Singh P.,Sikkim Manipal University | Pradhan B.,Sikkim Manipal University
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology | Year: 2013

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of modified constraint induced movement therapy (m-CIMT) in stroke subjects. Materials and Methods: A total of forty sub-acute stroke subjects were randomly assigned to either a m-CIMT (n = 20) or in a control group (n = 20). The m-CIMT group (14 men, 6 women; mean age = 55.2 years) consisted of structured 2 h therapy sessions emphasizing affected arm use, occurring 5 times/week for 2 weeks. A mitt was used to restrain the unaffected arm for 10 h/day for 2 week. The control group (11 men, 9 women; mean age = 56.4 years) consisted of conventional rehabilitation for time-matched exercise program. The outcome measures were evaluated at pre- and post-intervention by using the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) of motor recovery after stroke. Results: After intervention significant effects were observed in m-CIMT group on WMFT (pre-test and post-test score was 28.04 ± 6.58, 13.59 ± 2.86; P =0.003). Similarly on FMA (pre- and post-test score was 31.15 ± 6.37, 55.7 ± 6.4; P = 0.00). Conclusion: There is a significant improvem ent in upper extremity function so it indicates that m-CIMT is effective in improving the motor function of the affected arm in stroke subjects. However, its long-term effect has not proved since there was no follow-up after intervention.


News Article | November 4, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On –“Distance Learning in India 2016 Market Expected to Grow at CAGR 11% and Forecast to 2020”. The analysts forecast the distance learning market in India to grow at a CAGR of 11% during the period 2016-2020. Technology plays an important role in enabling the growth of the country's economy and the education sector in particular. Higher education institutes are increasingly opting for online courses. Half of the population in India is estimated to be below 25 years of age. This population group adopts new technologies faster. The rapid growth in broadband penetration has led to an increase in the number of Internet users, and this is expected to expand further. For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Covered in this report  The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the distance learning market in India for 2016-2020. To calculate the market size, the report considers the number of enrollments in the distance learning market in India, which comprises of higher education students and working professionals. The report, Distance Learning Market in India 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the key vendors operating in this market. Other prominent vendors  • Avagmah  • DLP India  • Edureka  • EMERITUS Institute of Management  • Hughes Global Education  • Sikkim Manipal University  • TalentEdge  • University18  • University of Delhi  • UpGrad Market driver  • Emerging methods of distance learning.  • For a full, detailed list, view our report Market trend  • Collaboration with universities and corporates.  • For a full, detailed list, view our report Key questions answered in this report  • What will the market size be in 2020 and what will the growth rate be?  • What are the key market trends?  • What is driving this market?  • What are the challenges to market growth?  • Who are the key vendors in this market space?  • What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the key vendors?  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors? PART 02: Scope of the report  • Market overview  • Top-vendor offerings  • Other prominent vendors PART 05: Market landscape  • Role of technology in the higher education market  • Education market in India  • Online education in India PART 07: Market segmentation by product  • Distance learning market in India by product  • Traditional distance learning market  • Online/blended distance learning market  • Certifications and part-time courses PART 08: Market drivers  • Emerging methods of distance learning  • Rise in demand for online distance education  • Increased government initiatives  • Improvement in educational technology in India  • Emergence of distance education for professionals PART 10: Market challenges  • Complex regulatory environment  • High drop-out ratio  • Lack of accreditations and recognition  • Shortage of trained teachers and trainers For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports features an exhaustive list of market research reports from hundreds of publishers worldwide. We boast a database spanning virtually every market category and an even more comprehensive collection of market research reports under these categories and sub-categories.


News Article | November 7, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

MarketStudyReport.com adds “Distance Learning Market in India 2016-2020” new report to its research database. The report spread across 58 pages with table and figures in it. The Report analysts forecast the distance learning market in India to grow at a CAGR of 11% during the period 2016-2020. Technology plays an important role in enabling the growth of the country's economy and the education sector. Higher education institutes are increasingly opting for online courses. Half of the population in India is estimated to be below 25 years of age. This population group adopts new technologies faster. The rapid growth in broadband penetration has led to an increase in the number of Internet users, and this is expected to expand further. Browse full table of contents and data tables at https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/distance-learning-market-in-india-2016-2020/ The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the distance learning market in India for 2016-2020. To calculate the market size, the report considers the number of enrollments in the distance learning market in India, which comprises of higher education students and working professionals. The Report Distance Learning Market in India 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the key vendors operating in this market. Key vendors EduKart Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) SchoolGuru Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL) Other prominent vendors Avagmah DLP India Edureka EMERITUS Institute of Management Hughes Global Education Sikkim Manipal University TalentEdge University18 University of Delhi UpGrad Market driver Emerging methods of distance learning. For a full, detailed list, view our report Market challenge Complex regulatory environment. For a full, detailed list, view our report Market trend Collaboration with universities and corporates. For a full, detailed list, view our report Key questions answered in this report What will the market size be in 2020 and what will the growth rate be? What are the key market trends? What is driving this market? What are the challenges to market growth? Who are the key vendors in this market space? What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the key vendors? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors? To receive personalized assistance, write to us @ [email protected] with the report title in the subject line along with your questions or call us at +1 866-764-2150

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