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Selvan V.T.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Ramadurg U.Y.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Dorle A.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Ghattargi C.H.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Banada J.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

Introduction: Adolescence is a vulnerable period, where they try to initiate new things, sometimes wicked habits or high risk behaviours like smoking or alcohol consumption. Due to change in lifestyle a considerable number of social drinkers have shifted to heavy episodic drinking. Alcohol consumption plays a role in the development of obesity but the relationship between alcohol and weight is still unclear. Objectives: To find the association between pattern of drinking and Body Mass Index (BMI). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 395 students from five health Institutions in Bagalkot. A pre tested, semi structured questionnaire was used and BMI was noted. Results were tabulated using Microsoft excel 2007 and analysis were performed using OpenEpi, version 2.3.1.Chi square tests was used to find the association. Results: In the present study 68% were girls and 32% were boys. About one fifth (20.53%) were current alcohol drinkers. Alcohol quantity and frequency had inverse association with BMI. As quantity increases from 1 drink/drinking day to ≥4 drinks/drinking day, BMI increases from 20.49 (95%CL 14.66-26.33) to 22.66 (95%CL 12.62-32.70). As frequency increased from low to high quintiles of drinking days/year, BMI significantly decreases (p <0.003) from 21.44 (95% CI 20.31-22.58) to 20.38 (95% CI 13.05-27.72). Conclusion: Alcohol contributes to increase in body weight in certain types of drinking pattern while in others it was not associated. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Veerabhadrappa S.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Baljoshi V.,Korea Institute of Materials Science | Khanapure S.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | Herur A.,Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

Context: Yoga is an ancient science, which originated in India. Pranayama has been assigned a very important role in yogic system of exercises. It is known that regular practice of breathing exercises (pranayama) increases parasympathetic tone, decreases sympathetic activity, and improves cardiovascular functions. Different types of breathing exercises alter autonomic balance for good by either decrease in sympathetic or increase in parasympathetic activity. Mukh Bhastrika (yogic bellows), a type of pranayama breathing when practiced alone, has demonstrated increase in sympathetic activity and load on heart, but when practiced along with other types of pranayama has showed improved cardiac performance. Aim: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of long term practice of fast pranayama (Mukh Bhastrika) on autonomic balance on individuals with stable cardiac function. Settings and Design: This interventional study was conducted in the department of physiology. Materials and Methods: 50 healthy male subjects of 18-25 years age group, fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent Mukh Bhastrika training for 12 weeks. Cardiovascular autonomic reactivity tests were performed before and after the training. Statistical Analysis Used: The parameters were analyzed by Student t test. Results: This study showed an increase in parasympathetic activity i.e., reduced basal heart rate, increase in valsalva ratio and deep breathing difference in heart rate; and reduction in sympathetic activity i.e., reduction in fall of systolic blood pressure on posture variation. Conclusion: It can be concluded that Mukh Bhastrika has beneficial effect on cardiac autonomic reactivity, if practiced for a longer duration. Source

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