Sichuan Tumor Hospital & Institute

Chengdu, China

Sichuan Tumor Hospital & Institute

Chengdu, China
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PubMed | Sichuan Tumor Hospital & Institute and Beijing Health Guard Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: ACS applied materials & interfaces | Year: 2016

Based on the helix4-exchanged HPV16 L1 and HPV18 L1, HPV16 L1 Bi and HPV18 L1 Bi, we have successfully realized the controlled hybrid-assembly of HPV16/18 L1 Bi VLPs (bihybrid-VLPs) in vitro. The bihybrid-VLPs were further confirmed by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and complex-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays. The ratio of 16 L1 Bi and 18 L1 Bi in bihybrid-VLPs was verified to be 3:5 based on a modified magnetic Co-IP procedure, when mixing 1 equiv pentamer in assembly buffer solution, but it changed with conditions. In addition, the bihybrid-VLPs showed identical thermal stability as that of normal VLPs, suggesting high potential in practical applications. The present study is significant because it modified one of the vital steps of virus life cycle at the stage of virus assembly, supplying a new approach not only to deepen structural insights but also a possibility to prepare stable, low-cost, bivalent antivirus vaccine. Furthermore, the controlled hybrid-assembly of bihybrid-VLPs in vitro provides suggestions for the design of effective multivalent hybrid-VLPs, being a potential to develop broad-spectrum vaccines for the prevention of infection with multiple types of HPV.


PubMed | Jilin University and Sichuan Tumor Hospital & Institute
Type: | Journal: Protein expression and purification | Year: 2016

The major recombinant capsid protein L1 of human papillomavirus (HPV) is widely used to produce HPV prophylactic vaccines. However, the quality of soluble and active expression of L1 in Escherichia coli was below the required amount. Coexpression with the chaperonin GroEL/ES enhanced L1 expression. Overexpressing GroEL/ES increased the soluble expression level of glutathione S-transferase-fused L1 (GST-L1) by approximately 3 fold. The yield of HPV type 16 L1 pentamer (L1-p) was 2 fold higher than that in a single expression system after purification through size-exclusion chromatograph. The expression and purification conditions were then optimized. The yield of L1-p was enhanced by 5 fold, and those of HPV types 18 and 58 L1-p increased by 3 and 2 folds, respectively, compared with that in the single expression system. Coexpressing the mono-site mutant HPV16 L1 L469A with GroEL/ES increased L1-p yield by 7 fold compared with strains expressing the wild-type L1 gene. L1-p was then characterized using circular dichroism spectra, UV-vis cloud point, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscope analyses. Results indicated that the conformation and biological characteristics of L1-p were identical to that of native L1. Hence, overexpressing chaperonin in E. coli can increase the expression level of GST-L1 and L1-p production after purification. This finding may contribute to the development of a platform for prophylactic HPV vaccines.


PubMed | Jilin University and Sichuan Tumor Hospital & Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: ACS medicinal chemistry letters | Year: 2015

A new 14 peptide, originating essentially from the helix 5 of HPV 16L1, illustrates an IC50 of 19.38 nM for the inhibition of HPV 16 L1 pentamer formation, which is highly efficient for targeting a specific protein segment. In addition, mechanism studies reveal that the length, sequence, and the folding of the peptide are critical factors for its inhibition. Particularly, the peptide shows similar inhibition against the pentamer formation of HPV 58L1, although it is designed specially for HPV 16 L1. This study opens a way for the development of high-efficiency, broad-spectrum inhibitors as a new class of anti-HPV agents, which could be extended to the treatment of other virus types.

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