Sun R.,Sichuan Cancer Hospital Cancer Institute |
Li C.,Sichuan Cancer Hospital Cancer Institute |
Fan J.,Sichuan Cancer Hospital Cancer Institute |
Liu J.,Sichuan Cancer Hospital Cancer Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in recurrence rates and surgical complications between thyroidectomy alone and thyroidectomy combined with central neck dissection as initial treatments to differentiated thyroid cancer and evaluate the clinic significance of central neck dissection for these patients.METHODS: The literatures published in 1998-2013 were searched in Wanfang database, Chongqing VIP database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Pubmed, Medline and Beijing Kangjian foreign medical journal full text service. According to the inclusion and deletion criteria, 30 articles were included. Of them 26 articles involved in complications, hypocalcemia and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy as two major complications were involved in 26 articles and 24 articles respectively, and 26 articles involved in recurrence rate. RevMan5.0 software package was used to perform meta-analysis.RESULTS: Total complication rate in experimental group (plus central neck dissection) was 13.08% higher than that in control group (thyroidectomy only), the odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence interval (95%CI)] was 2.32[2.02, 2.67], Z value was 11.80, P < 0.01. Hypocalcemia in the experimental group was 11.80% higher than that in control group, OR value [95%CI] was 2.58[2.21, 3.02], Z was 11.98, P < 0.01. The rates of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis were low in both experimental group (5.26%) and control group(3.95%), and OR value [95%CI] was 1.22 [0.94, 1.58], Z was 1.48, P = 0.14. Recurrence rate in experimental group was 2.23% lower than that in control group, OR value [95%CI] was 0.78 [0.63,0.97], Z was 2.35, P = 0.03.CONCLUSION: Central compartment dissection as initial treatment to differentiated thyroid cancer may reduce the risk of recurrence, but increases the incidence of total complications and hypocalcemia, and has no significant effect on the rate of the recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.
Sun R.H.,Sichuan Cancer Hospital Cancer Institute
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2013
To compare the total thyroidectomy or subtotal resection and gland lobe and isthmus lobectomy as initial treatment to TNM stage I and II differentiated thyroid cancer. The difference between recurrence rate and surgical complications were analysed. The literatures published between 1972-2012 were searched in Pubmed, Medline, Wanfang database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese scientific Journals database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. According to the inclusion and deletion criteria, 17 articles were included to compare the postoperative recurrence and complications in randomized controlled or case-control studies, involving 13 articles in recurrence rate and 11 articles in complications.RevMan5.0 software package was used to perform meta-analysis. Thirteen articles involved with the recurrence rate, the total case number was 3511. Among these cases, 414 recurred, overall recurrence rate was 11.59%, of which, 150 recurred cases in total or subtotal resection group (experimental group), the recurrence rate was 6.51%; 264 recurred cases in gland lobe lobectomy plus isthmus group (control group), the recurrence rate was 21.83%. Comparing the two groups, the odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.26 [0.21,0.33], Z value was 11.33, P < 0.01, which showed that the recurrence rate in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group.Eleven articles involved with the complications, the total case number was 2388, 166 cases had postoperative complications. The complication rate was 6.95%, of which, 109 cases in experimental group, the complication rate was 8.52%; 57 cases in control group, the complication rate was 5.15%. Compared with the two groups, OR values and their 95%CI was 3.63 [2.47, 5.33], Z was 6.58, P < 0.01, the experimental group had significantly higher incidence of complications. For I and II differentiated thyroid cancer, total thyroidectomy or subtotal resection may reduce the chance of recurrence, but the postoperative complications is higher; while gland lobe and isthmus lobectomy has lower postoperative complications, but may increase the risk of relapse.