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Song M.,Sun Yat Sen University | Xie J.,Sichuan Academy of Animal Science | Peng X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li H.,Sun Yat Sen University
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2013

Edwardsiella tarda is an opportunistic pathogen that causes a great loss in aquaculture. Identification of immune protective immunogens is a key step for development of subunit vaccines and control of the infectious diseases caused by the bacterium. This study aims to identify the protective antigens from extracellular secretory proteome of E.tarda. Out of 38 extracellular secretory proteins predicted by PSORTb, 20 genes were randomly cloned and their recombinant proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and purified by either affinity chromatography or inclusion body washing. The purified recombinant proteins were used for investigation of immune protection in zebrafish model using active immunization approach. Half of them had significant immune protection compared with the control. Out of them, four, EseC, ETAE_2088, FlgD and ETAE_2130, showed approximately 60% relative percent survivals as a result of the highly protective antigens identified. Except for FlgD, the other three were first reported here. Moreover, the present study identified EseC and ETAE_2088 in bacterial extracellular fraction. These results indicate that secretory proteome is an interesting pool used for identification of immune protective antigens, and the four highly protective antigens identified provide useful candidates for development of subunit vaccines. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Liao D.,Sichuan Academy of Animal Science | Shen J.,Shanghai Institute of Animal Parasitology
Acta Tropica | Year: 2010

In the present article, we summarize our studies of antrycide-resistance of Trypanosoma brucei evansi in four aspects in the last recent several years, the analysis of quinapyramine-sensitive situation of T. b. evansi in China, biological characteristics of T. b. evansi population in quinapyramine-resistance and biological materials of quinapyramine-resistance in T. b. evansi population. Firstly, the correlative assays of effective dosage of quinapyramine on T. b. evansi disease between in vivo and in vitro methods showed that their relationship was parabolic with positive correlation. On the other hand, the IC50 and CD100 values of 12 T. b. evansi isolates, AHB, GDB1, GDB2, HNB, JSB1, JSB2, YNB, ZJB, GDH, GXM, HBM and XJCA, collected from buffaloes, horses, mules and camels across nine provinces of China were examined using the two methods, respectively. Among them, the nine isolates, AHB, GDB1, GDB2, HNB, JSB1, JSB2, YNB, ZJB and GDH, became quinapyramine-sensitive T. b. evansi. Secondly, T. evansi populations could rapidly obtain antrycide-resistance when they were passed through immunosuppressed mice treated with low doses of the drug. But, the replication rate of trypanosomes with antrycide-resistance decreases as the level of drug-resistance increases. Thirdly, the analysis of the HK, G6PDH, ALAT and ASAT isoenzymes showed that they were not involved in the quinapyramine-resistance of T. b. evansi. But the protein bands of 15.79kDa and 19.76kDa might be involved in the antrycide-resistance of T. b. evansi population. At genetic level, the gene, TbTA1, could be amplified from the T. b. evansi isolate sensitive to quinapyramine-sensitivity but the T. b. evansi isolate with quinapyramine-resistance using not only the RT-PCR technique, but also PCR technique. We used the SSH (Suppression Subtractive Hybridization) to clone highly or low expressed cDNA fragments caused by production of antrycide-resistance in T. b. evansi. The 5 low and 9 high expressed new cDNA fragments were amplified. Among them, the 3 low expressed cDNA fragments had the same sequence of 65 amino acids and the 3 high expressed cDNA fragments were located in chromosome VI, like T. brucei. Lastly, more work needs to be done in order to elucidate the mechanism of quinapyramine-resistance of T. b. evansi. © 2010.

Tang Q.Q.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Feng L.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Jiang W.D.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Liu Y.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2013

To investigate the effects of dietary copper (Cu) on fish growth, digestive and absorptive enzyme activities, and antioxidant status in the hepatopancreas and intestine, young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) (282±2.8 g) were fed six diets containing 0.74 (basal diet), 2.26, 3.75, 5.25, 6.70, and 8.33 mg Cu /kg diet for 8 weeks. Results showed that percentage weight gain (PWG) and feed intake were increased with dietary Cu levels up to 3.75 mg/kg diet. In addition, the positive effects of dietary Cu at a level 3.75 or 5.25 mg/kg diet on trypsin, chymotrypsin, and lipase activities in the hepatopancreas and of Na+, K+-ATPase, alkaline phosphatase, creatine kinase, and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase activities in three intestine segments produced significantly (P<0.05) better feed efficiency (FE). However, amylase activity in the hepatopancreas was decreased by dietary Cu levels up to 3.75 mg/kg diet (P<0.05). In addition, dietary Cu at 3.75 or 5.25 mg/kg diet decreased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl content partly by significantly (P<0.05) increasing the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S- transferase, and glutathione content in the hepatopancreas and intestine. Collectively, dietary Cu improved growth and digestive and absorptive capacity and decreased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation partly by enhancing antioxidant defense in the hepatopancreas and intestine. The dietary Cu requirement for PWG, plasma ceruloplasmin activity, and FE of young grass carp (282-688 g) were 4.78, 4.95, and 4.70 mg/kg diet, respectively. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Zhang J.-X.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Guo L.-Y.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Feng L.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Jiang W.-D.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

β-conglycinin has been identified as one of the major feed allergens. However, studies of β-conglycinin on fish are scarce. This study investigated the effects of β-conglycinin on the growth, digestive and absorptive ability, inflammatory response, oxidative status and gene expression of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian) in vivo and their enterocytes in vitro. The results indicated that the specific growth rate (SGR), feed intake, and feed efficiency were reduced by β-conglycinin. In addition, activities of trypsin, chymotrypsin, lipase, creatine kinase, Na+,K+-ATPase and alkaline phosphatase in the intestine showed similar tendencies. The protein content of the hepatopancreas and intestines, and the weight and length of the intestines were all reduced by β-conglycinin. β-conglycinin increased lipid and protein oxidation in the detected tissues and cells. However, β-conglycinin decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities and glutathione (GSH) content in the intestine and enterocytes. Similar antioxidant activity in the hepatopancreas was observed, except for GST. The expression of target of rapamycin (TOR) gene was reduced by β-conglycinin. Furthermore, mRNA levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) genes were increased by β-conglycinin. However, β-conglycinin increased CuZnSOD, MnSOD, CAT, and GPx1b gene expression. In conclusion, this study indicates that β-conglycinin induces inflammation and oxidation, and causes dysfunction of intestinal digestion and absorption in fish, and finally reduces fish growth. The results of this study provide some information to the mechanism of β-conglycinin-induced negative effects. © 2013 Zhang et al.

Wang B.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Liu Y.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Feng L.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Jiang W.-D.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Growth performance, flesh quality, antioxidant status and antioxidant-related signalling molecule expression in the muscle of young grass carp, which were fed graded levels of arginine (6.9-24.5 g/kg diet) for eight weeks, were investigated. Muscle protein, lipid and nitric oxide contents, shear force, hydroxyproline concentration, and pH were significantly improved by appropriate arginine. Cooking loss, lactate content, cathepsins activities, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl contents exhibited an opposite tendency. Additionally, optimum arginine significantly enhanced glutathione content and the activities and gene expression of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in muscle. Moreover, the expression levels of glutamate-cysteine ligase, target of rapamycin, ribosome protein S6 kinase 1, casein kinase 2 and NF-E2-related factor 2 in muscle were significantly elevated by appropriate arginine. However, optimum arginine significantly decreased Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 mRNA levels in muscle. In conclusion, arginine improved the flesh quality and muscle antioxidant capacity and regulated antioxidant-related signalling molecule expression. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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