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Koyio L.,Ministry of Health | Ranganathan K.,Ragas Dental College and Hospital | Kattappagari K.K.,Sibar Institute of Dental science
Oral Diseases | Year: 2016

Objectives: Review the meaning of 'health need', consider oral health inequalities and oral health promotion among people with HIV and outline methods to enhance coordination, standardization and dissemination of research efforts. Methods: This workshop involved a brief introduction of each topic by an invited speaker followed by participant discussion. Participants were dentists and dental students attending the 7th World Workshop on Oral Health & Disease in AIDS Results: A health need was regarded as a population's ability to benefit from care. Oral health inequalities called for both downstream and upstream health promotion. A community health programme to reach people with HIV infection in the community was described. Despite deploying community health workers to reduce costs, the programme required additional resources for comprehensive implementation. The Indian National AIDS Control Program exemplified coordinated efforts. Knowledge transfer can be achieved via educational, linkage and exchange and organizational interventions. Stakeholder engagement in a combination of all three types of intervention is the most effective. Conclusions: The discussion centred on the difficulties of Indian dentists who felt they did not receive sufficient revenue to treat patients with HIV. An opposing view approach treated all patients using universal standards of infection control. Dental regulatory bodies, professional organizations and governments may need to demonstrate leadership and advocacy for the oral health of people with HIV infection. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Vardhan T.H.,Sibar Institute of Dental science
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985) | Year: 2010

Dens evaginatus is a developmental malformation characterized by the presence of an extra cusp that takes the form of a tubercle arising from the occlusal or the lingual surface of the tooth. It is also referred to as talon cusp in the anterior teeth and Leong premolar in the premolars. Dens invaginatus is a deep surface invagination of the crown or the root lined by enamel, dentin, and pulp. Though many case reports of dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus have been found in the literature, an association of both is a rare anomaly. Only two cases of concomitance of dens invaginatus and dens evaginatus have been reported. This article is a case report of dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus involving all four maxillary incisors in a 25-year-old patient. Source

Sudarshan R.,Sibar Institute of Dental science | Annigeri R.G.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Vijayabala G.S.,Thai Moogambikai Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2012

Background and objectives: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder of the oral mucosa, mainly associated with the practice of chewing gutka and betel quid. The pathogenesis is obscure, and till date, no definitive therapy is available for the management of OSMF. Hence, this preliminary study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Aloe vera with antioxidants in the treatment for OSMF. Methods: Twenty study subjects with OSMF were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. There were 10 patients in each group; group A subjects received 5mg of aloe vera gel to be applied topically three times daily for 3months and group B subjects received antioxidant capsules twice daily for 3months. The results were analyzed with paired 't' test and unpaired 't' test. Results: Aloe vera responded better in all the parameters assessed and responded in all the clinicohistopathological stages particularly in those with mild-stage clinically and early-stage histopathologically. Aloe vera showed a statistically significant reduction in burning sensation (P=0.008), improvement in mouth opening (P=0.02), and cheek flexibility (P=0.01) on comparing with the antioxidant group. Interpretation and conclusion: Overall assessment of the parameters depicted that Aloe vera group showed a better treatment response compared to the antioxidants group. It reduces the burning sensation and improves mouth opening thereby enhanced the patients' compliance. It proves to be a relatively safe, can be applied topically, easily available, economical, noninvasive, and efficacious in the treatment for OSMF. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Samatha Y.,Sibar Institute of Dental science
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985) | Year: 2012

White sponge nevus is a rare, inherited disorder that usually presents as nonpainful white plaque primarily involving the buccal mucosa, gingiva, and palate. Extraoral lesions most often occur in the esophagus or anogenital area, but almost invariably follow the development of typical buccal lesions. This article presents a familial case of white sponge nevus in which oral lesions were found in patients in three generations of the same family. Histologic findings include hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, and perinuclear eosinophilic condensation of epithelial cell cytoplasm, which serve to confirm white sponge nevus as the diagnosis. Clinical presentation and histopathology of white sponge nevus are discussed in relation to the differential diagnosis of other oral leukokeratoses. Source

Samatha Y.,Sibar Institute of Dental science
The New York state dental journal | Year: 2013

Pyogenic granuloma, or granuloma pyogenicum, is a common, tumor-like growth of the oral cavity or skin that is considered to be an exaggerated, localized connective tissue reaction to a minor injury or irritation. A total of five clinical cases of oral pyogenic granuloma were randomly selected in the age group between 26 and 41 years. All these cases were treated with sodium tetra decyl sulphate and examined for regression and reccurrence of the lesion for six months. Various treatment modalities consist of conservative surgical excision, cryosurgery, laser surgery and sclerotherapy. Sclerotherapy with sodium tetra decyl sulphate is a relatively simple and effective method for treating oral pyogenic granuloma. Source

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