Time filter

Source Type

Chiba, Japan

Shūmei University is a private university in Japan. The main campus is located in Yachiyo, Chiba, and the headquarters is located in Nakano, Tokyo. The university is originally founded as the Yachiyo International University in 1988. Wikipedia.

Mitomo H.,Waseda University | Otsuka T.,Shumei University
Telematics and Informatics | Year: 2012

In this study, some obstacles in using information and communication technology (ICT) for public relation activities regarding environmental protection are reviewed. While there are many ways of dispersing information on environmental hazards, people may not be very responsive. In this study, we hypothesize that the obstacles to effective information dispersion can be attributed to factors such as limited memory retention, projection bias, and urgency of the problem, which are major concepts of behavioral economics. An empirical survey supports this hypothesis and emphasizes the need to overcome these obstacles in order to improve the efficiency of dispersing information on the environment. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Burgess A.,University of Kent | Horii M.,Shumei University
Sociology of Health and Illness | Year: 2012

This article begins to develop an understanding of surgical mask-wearing in Japan, now a routine practice against a range of health threats. Their usage and associated meanings are explored through surveys conducted in Tokyo with both mask wearers and non-mask wearers. It contests commonly held cultural views of the practice as a fixed and distinctively Japanese collective courtesy to others. A historical analysis suggests that an originally collective, targeted and science-based response to public health threats has dispersed into a generalised practice lacking a clear end or purpose. Developed as part of the biomedical response to the Spanish flu of 1919, the practice resonated with folk assumptions as making a barrier between purity and pollution. But mask-wearing became socially embedded as a general protective practice only from the 1990s through a combination of commercial, corporate and political pressures that responsibilised individual health protection. These developments are usefully understood amidst the uncertainty created by Japan's 'second modernity' and the fracturing of her post-war order. Mask-wearing is only one form of a wider culture of risk; a self-protective risk ritual rather than a selfless collective practice. © 2012 The Authors. Sociology of Health & Illness © 2012 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness/Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Horii M.,Shumei University | Burgess A.,University of Kent
Health, Risk and Society | Year: 2012

Women-only train carriages have been introduced in Japan as a response to widespread groping (chikan) by men. In August 2007, 155 young women completed a survey at a variety of locations in central Tokyo, mainly at the popular meeting places, Shinjuku and Shibuya. The survey involved face-to-face interviews conducted mainly by young female interviewers. The numbers involved are insufficient for rigorous statistical analysis and in this pilot study we were principally interested in further refining ideas and hypotheses for further investigation by considering results in the context of significant contemporary social trends. This article starts by considering a particular cultural context in which the issue of groping resulted in the introduction of women-only train carriages and this official antigroping measure which has been widely accepted. The article then examines women's responses to the availability of women-only train carriages, using surveys carried out in Tokyo. It concludes by considering the specific and anomalous targeting of primarily middle aged 'salarymen', a focus understood in the context of the collapse of the ideological power of the patriarchal corporate figure associated with the end of the Japanese economic miracle. Women's use and support for women-only train carriages is not solely dominated by anxiety over the risk of chikan. Our survey indicated that it was a symbolic rejection of a particular type of masculinity, rather than the physical separation from a risk of being groped. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Inioidea, which consists of Iniidae and Pontoporiidae, includes only four extant species, all of which occur in South America. Inioids were, however, more diversified and widely distributed in the past, starting from the late middle Miocene, as recorded from the eastern Pacific, North and South Atlantic, North Sea and the riverine systems of South America. In this paper, the author describes a new extinct inioid, Awadelphis hirayamai gen. et sp. nov. (WU SILS G 408), from the uppermost Miocene Senhata Formation (6.3-5.7 Ma) of Chiba, central Japan. Morphological cladistic analysis supports placement of this new taxon within the Inioidea. The new species is characterized by a right premaxillary eminence with a pronounced overhang on the right maxilla and a short zygomatic process of the squamosal. This is the first fossil record of an inioid not only from Japan but also from the North Pacific. The discovery of this new taxon considerably extends the paleobiogeographic range of inioids, and indicates that inioids co-occurred with other small odontocetes of the western North Pacific, where delphinoids dominated. The new species is also the first valid occurrence of a small odontocete from tropical--subtropical climates of the late Miocene in the western North Pacific. © 2016 by the Palaeontological Society of Japan. Source

Otsuka T.,Shumei University | Mitomo H.,Waseda University
Telecommunications Policy | Year: 2013

This paper aims to review the process of mobile phone operators agreeing to introduce mobile number portability (MNP) in Japan. A study group formed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications estimated the proportion of MNP users and analyzed the user benefits and associated costs to introduce MNP. Owing to the particular market structure and technology available, MNP was expected to yield a larger benefit in the Japanese mobile market than that seen in other countries. Based on the results of the research reviewed with respect to the market situation one year after introducing MNP, the increased competition in the mobile phone market was onfirmed by decreasing call charges and a reduction in the share of the dominant operator. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations