Time filter

Source Type

Roychoudhury S.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Nagori S.A.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | Roychoudhury A.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2015

Aim: To retrospectively evaluate neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). Material and methods: A retrospective review was carried out to assess inferior alveolar nerve function in patients treated by BSSO from 2010 to 2013. All patients included in the study were assessed using objective (cotton swabs and pin prick testing) and subjective testing (questionnaire) for inferior alveolar nerve function after a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. Medical records of the patients were used to assess the incidence of NSD in the immediate post-operative period. Results: 15 patients (30 sides) had undergone BSSO during the specified time period. On subjective testing, NSD was reported in 22 operated sides (73.3%) in the immediate post-operative period, while 4 operated sides (13.3%) reported persistent NSD. On objective testing, immediate post-operative NSD was seen in 20 operated sides (66.7%). After a minimum of 1 year follow-up, recovery was seen in 18 operated sides while persistent NSD was seen in 2 operated sides (6.7%). Conclusion: NSD of the inferior alveolar nerve is a common complication after BSSO in the immediate post-operative period. However in a long term, nerve function usually recovers. © 2015 Craniofacial Research Foundation. Source

Shukla Dr. D.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Chowdhry A.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Bablani D.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Jain P.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Thapar R.,KLE University
Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology | Year: 2011

This study aims to determine the stability of palatal rugae before and after orthodontic treatment. 50 orthodontic cases were selected with pre- and posttreatment casts and 50 casts were randomly selected as variables. Landmarks on the palatal raphe and rugae were marked on the maxillary casts. Points were made on medial and lateral ends of first, second and third rugae. Each cast was photographed, measured and then trimmed leaving only the rugae area of the hard palate. In the pre and post-treatment group, changes in transverse measurements were significantly different for lateral points of first rugae and anteroposterior changes were significant for the distances between first and second rugae. All inter-point measurements of third rugae were stable in post-treatment casts. Thirty blinded examiners compared 50 trimmed preorthodontic casts to similarly prepared one hundred casts for possible matches based on pattern of rugae. The percentages of correct matches for examiners had a median of 90%. The matching of pre-operative and post-operative orthodontic casts demonstrated that although some changes do occur in the rugae during orthodontic treatment, the morphology of palatal rugae remains stable throughout life. Hence carefully assessed rugae pattern may have a definite role in forensic identification. Further, points associated with the third palatal ruage were the most immutable over a person's life and hence could be used as a reference to evaluate the changes in teeth positions during orthodontic treatment. Source

Kohli S.,University of Kuala Lumpur | Kalsi R.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Dual arch impression technique signifies an essential improvement in fixed prosthodontics and has numerous benefits over conventional impression techniques. The accuracy of working dies fabricated from dual arch impression technique remains in question because there is little information available in the literature. Aim: This study was conducted to compare the accuracy of working dies fabricated from impressions made from two different viscosities of impression materials using metal, plastic dual arch trays and custom made acrylic trays. Materials and Methods: The study samples were grouped into two groups based on the viscosity of impression material used i.e. Group I (monophase), whereas Group II consisted of Dual Mix technique using a combination of light and heavy body material. These were further divided into three subgroups A, B and C depending on the type of impression tray used (metal dual arch tray, plastic dual arch tray and custom made tray). Measurements of the master cast were made using profile projector. Descriptive statistics like mean, Standard Deviation (SD) were calculated for all the groups. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for multiple group comparisons. A p-value of 0.05 or less was considered statistically significant. Results: The gypsum dies obtained with the three types of impression trays using two groups of impression materials were smaller than the master models in dimensions. Conclusion: The plastic dual arch trays produced dies which were the least accurate of the three groups. There was no significant difference in the die dimensions obtained using the two viscosities of impression materials. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Manika,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Neelkamal,Manav Rachna Dental College | Sankireddy S.,SGT Dental College | Mittal S.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Vinayak V.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is extensively used as a spice, food preservative and colouring material in India, China and South East Asia. It has been used in traditional medicine as a household remedy for various diseases, including biliary disorders, anorexia, cough, diabetic wounds, hepatic disorders, rheumatism and sinusitis. For the last few decades, extensive work has been done to establish the biological activities and pharmacological actions of turmeric and its extracts. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), the main yellow bioactive component of turmeric has been shown to have a wide spectrum of biological actions. These include its antiinflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic, anticoagulant, antifertility, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antifibrotic, antivenom, antiulcer, hypotensive and hypocholesteremic activities. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. All rights reserved. Source

Singh S.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Sharma A.,Institute of Dental Studies and Technology | Sood P.B.,PDM Dental College and Research Institute | Sood A.,ESI Hospital Rohini | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2015

Introduction: The present study was undertaken to assess the caries activity by comparing the pH, buffering capacity, calcium, phosphorous, amylase along with the association of mutans in saliva for caries-free and caries-active children and to find out the interrelationship amongst the two groups. Methodology: The study sample of 80 children, aged between 4 and 8 years were included in the study. Caries status of each child was recorded using DMFS. They were divided into two groups: (i) caries-free group (40) and (ii) caries-active group (40). After collecting the salivary samples, mutans were determined using Saliva-Check mutans kit and buffering capacity by Saliva-Check Buffer kit. The remaining samples were sent to laboratory for analyzing pH by electrode pH meter, calcium by OCPC(o-cresolphthalein complexone) photometric method, phosphorous by phosphomolybdate/UV method, amylase by CNP-G3(2chloro-4-nitrophenyl-alpha-maltotrioside) method using semi-autoanalyzer. Results: The results obtained were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis. The pH, buffering capacity, calcium and phosphorous level were found to be increased with the decrease in the caries activity of the children whereas amylase activity was increased with the increase in caries activity. It was observed that 77.5% children were tested positive and 22.5% were tested negative for mutans in caries-active group whereas 100% children were tested negative for mutans in caries-free group. Conclusion: The physicochemical properties of saliva, such as pH, buffering capacity, calcium, phosphorous, amylase and Streptococcus mutans has a definite relationship with caries activity. © 2015 Craniofacial Research Foundation. Source

Discover hidden collaborations