Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine

Weifang, China

Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine

Weifang, China

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Huan Y.J.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Huan Y.J.,Northeast Agricultural University | Zhu J.,Northeast Agricultural University | Zhu J.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Reproduction and Development | Year: 2014

Incomplete DNA methylation reprogramming in cloned embryos leads to low cloning efficiency. Our previous studies showed that the epigenetic modification agents 5-aza-2’-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) or trichostatin A (TSA) could enhance the developmental competence of porcine cloned embryos. Here, we investigated genomic methylation dynamics and specific gene expression levels during early embryonic development in pigs. In this study, our results showed that there was a typical wave of DNA demethylation and remethylation of centromeric satellite repeat (CenRep) in fertilized embryos, whereas in cloned embryos, delayed demethylation and a lack of remethylation were observed. When cloned embryos were treated with 5-aza-dC or TSA, CenRep methylation reprogramming was improved, and this was similar to that detected in fertilized counterparts. Furthermore, we found that the epigenetic modification agents, especially TSA, effectively promoted silencing of tissue specific genes and transcription of early embryo development-related genes in porcine cloned embryos. In conclusion, our results showed that the epigenetic modification agent 5-aza-dC or TSA could improve genomic methylation reprogramming in porcine cloned embryos and regulate the appropriate expression levels of genes related to early embryonic development, thereby resulting in high developmental competence. © 2014 by the Society for Reproduction and Development.


Huan Y.,Qingdao Agricultural University | Wu Z.,Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine | Zhang J.,Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine | Zhu J.,Northeast Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Incomplete DNA methylation reprogramming in cloned embryos leads to poor cloning efficiency. Epigenetic modification agents can improve genomic methylation reprogramming and the development of cloned embryos, however, the effect of epigenetic modification agents on gene-specific methylation reprogramming remains poorly studied. Here, we investigated DNA methylation reprogramming of pluripotency (Oct4) and tissue specific (Thy1) genes during early embryo development in pigs. In this study, we found that compared with in vitro fertilized counterparts, cloned embryos displayed the disrupted patterns of Oct4 demethylation and Thy1 remethylation. When 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) or trichostatin A (TSA) enhanced the development of cloned embryos, the transcripts of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt1 and Dnmt3a), histone acetyltransferase 1 (Hat1) and histone deacetylase 1 (Hdac1) and the methylation and expression patterns of Oct4 and Thy1 became similar to those detected in in vitro fertilized counterparts. Further studies showed that Dnmt1 knockdown in cloned embryos enhanced the methylation reprogramming of Oct4 and Thy1 and promoted the activation of Oct4 and the silence of Thy1. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that cloned embryos displayed incomplete gene-specific methylation reprogramming and disrupted expression patterns of pluripotency and tissue specific genes, and epigenetic modification agents improved gene-specific methylation reprogramming and expression pattern by regulating epigenetic modification related genes. This work would have important implications in improving cloning efficiency. © 2015 Huan et al.


Huan Y.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Huan Y.,Northeast Agricultural University | Wang H.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wu Z.,Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Cellular Reprogramming | Year: 2015

Incomplete reprogramming of pluripotent genes in cloned embryos is associated with low cloning efficiency. Epigenetic modification agents have been shown to enhance the developmental competence of cloned embryos; however, the effect of the epigenetic modification agents on pluripotent gene reprogramming remains unclear. Here, we investigated Nanog reprogramming and the expression patterns of pluripotent transcription factors during early embryo development in pigs. We found that compared with fertilized embryos, cloned embryos displayed higher methylation in the promoter and 5′-untranslated region and lower methylation in the first exon of Nanog. When 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) or trichostatin A (TSA) enhanced the development of porcine cloned embryos, Nanog methylation reprogramming was also improved, similar to that detected in fertilized counterparts. Furthermore, our results showed that the epigenetic modification agents improved the expression levels of Oct4 and Sox2 and effectively promoted Nanog transcription in cloned embryos. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the epigenetic modification agent 5-aza-dC or TSA improved Nanog methylation reprogramming and the expression patterns of pluripotent transcription factors, thereby resulting in the enhanced expression of Nanog and high development of porcine cloned embryos. This work has important implications in the improvement of cloning efficiency. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Huan Y.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Huan Y.,Northeast Agricultural University | Wang H.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wu Z.,Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Gene Expression Patterns | Year: 2015

DNA methylation reprogramming, regulated by DNA methylation and demethylation related genes, is essential for early embryo development; however, it is incomplete in cloned embryos, leading to poor cloning efficiency. Previous studies have shown that DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), could enhance the development of cloned embryos, thus, the genes regulating DNA methylation reprogramming should appropriately express in these embryos. To examine whether there is a correlation between embryo development and the expression patterns of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes, we investigated the developmental progress and transcription levels of candidate genes containing DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt1 and Dnmt3a), ten eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases (Tet1, Tet2 and Tet3) and base excision repair related genes including activation induced deamination (Aid), thymine DNA glycosylase (Tdg) and AP endonuclease 1 (Apex1) in porcine early embryos. In this study, our results demonstrated that compared with in vitro fertilized embryos, delayed and reduced development and downregulated transcripts of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes after the 4-cell stage were observed in cloned embryos, showing the significantly (P < 0.05) lower proportions of embryos at the 8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages (19.69% vs 32.64% at 72 h, 16.67% vs 25.49% at 120 h and 19.82% vs 26.29% at 156 h, respectively) and transcription levels of Dnmt3a, Tet1, Tet2, Tet3, Aid, Tdg and Apex1. When cloned embryos were treated with 5-aza-dC, the developmental progress and transcription levels of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes were improved, more similar to those detected in fertilized counterparts. Furthermore, we found that the transcripts of zygotic genome activation and blastocyst quality related genes were also effectively promoted in porcine cloned embryos after 5-aza-dC treatment. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the disturbed transcripts of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes were observed in porcine cloned embryos, while the enhanced development of porcine cloned embryos induced by 5-aza-dC was accompanied with the improved expression of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes after the 4-cell stage, providing a positive correlation between the expression patterns of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes and the developmental competence of porcine cloned embryos after zygotic genome activation. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Northeast Agricultural University and Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gene expression patterns : GEP | Year: 2015

DNA methylation reprogramming, regulated by DNA methylation and demethylation related genes, is essential for early embryo development; however, it is incomplete in cloned embryos, leading to poor cloning efficiency. Previous studies have shown that DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), could enhance the development of cloned embryos, thus, the genes regulating DNA methylation reprogramming should appropriately express in these embryos. To examine whether there is a correlation between embryo development and the expression patterns of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes, we investigated the developmental progress and transcription levels of candidate genes containing DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt1 and Dnmt3a), ten eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases (Tet1, Tet2 and Tet3) and base excision repair related genes including activation induced deamination (Aid), thymine DNA glycosylase (Tdg) and AP endonuclease 1 (Apex1) in porcine early embryos. In this study, our results demonstrated that compared with in vitro fertilized embryos, delayed and reduced development and downregulated transcripts of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes after the 4-cell stage were observed in cloned embryos, showing the significantly (P < 0.05) lower proportions of embryos at the 8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages (19.69% vs 32.64% at 72 h, 16.67% vs 25.49% at 120 h and 19.82% vs 26.29% at 156 h, respectively) and transcription levels of Dnmt3a, Tet1, Tet2, Tet3, Aid, Tdg and Apex1. When cloned embryos were treated with 5-aza-dC, the developmental progress and transcription levels of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes were improved, more similar to those detected in fertilized counterparts. Furthermore, we found that the transcripts of zygotic genome activation and blastocyst quality related genes were also effectively promoted in porcine cloned embryos after 5-aza-dC treatment. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the disturbed transcripts of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes were observed in porcine cloned embryos, while the enhanced development of porcine cloned embryos induced by 5-aza-dC was accompanied with the improved expression of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes after the 4-cell stage, providing a positive correlation between the expression patterns of DNA methylation reprogramming related genes and the developmental competence of porcine cloned embryos after zygotic genome activation.


PubMed | Northeast Agricultural University, Qingdao Agricultural University and Shouguang City Hospital of Chinese Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Incomplete DNA methylation reprogramming in cloned embryos leads to poor cloning efficiency. Epigenetic modification agents can improve genomic methylation reprogramming and the development of cloned embryos, however, the effect of epigenetic modification agents on gene-specific methylation reprogramming remains poorly studied. Here, we investigated DNA methylation reprogramming of pluripotency (Oct4) and tissue specific (Thy1) genes during early embryo development in pigs. In this study, we found that compared with in vitro fertilized counterparts, cloned embryos displayed the disrupted patterns of Oct4 demethylation and Thy1 remethylation. When 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) or trichostatin A (TSA) enhanced the development of cloned embryos, the transcripts of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt1 and Dnmt3a), histone acetyltransferase 1 (Hat1) and histone deacetylase 1 (Hdac1) and the methylation and expression patterns of Oct4 and Thy1 became similar to those detected in in vitro fertilized counterparts. Further studies showed that Dnmt1 knockdown in cloned embryos enhanced the methylation reprogramming of Oct4 and Thy1 and promoted the activation of Oct4 and the silence of Thy1. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that cloned embryos displayed incomplete gene-specific methylation reprogramming and disrupted expression patterns of pluripotency and tissue specific genes, and epigenetic modification agents improved gene-specific methylation reprogramming and expression pattern by regulating epigenetic modification related genes. This work would have important implications in improving cloning efficiency.

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