Batumi, Georgia

The Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University is the higher educational university in Batumi, capital of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara. Georgia. It is named after the medieval Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli. Wikipedia.


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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.67M | Year: 2017

When the transfer of modern sciences to and the study of the Black Sea Region (BSR) began in the late 18. century, this area was not yet considered part of Europe. The proposed inter/multidisciplinary research and exchange projects title refers to that fact. Knowledge and science exchange between Europe and the BSR intensified in the course of the 19th and early 20th century and was interrupted when as result of WWI/WWII a significant part of the BSR was integrated into the Soviet Unions orbit. The BSR disappeared behind the Iron Curtain and the academic cultures of West and East drifted apart. The previous 25 years have witnessed strengthening ties between BSR countries and between the BSR and the rest of Europe as well as globalisation of knowledge and scientific exchange. The integration of the BSR into the European Research Area (ERA) is on the way but not yet completed. The proposed project provides excellent opportunities to critically reflect the sketched processes and to look into future. The suggested projects quality, credibility and novelty lies in its * attempt to systematically investigate knowledge and cultural exchanges between the BSR and Western Europe from the late 18th century to the present, * theoretical and methodological approaches with the potential to establish new pathways for future research and in its foregrounding of gender aspects. The suggested project establishes a network consisting of 12 research institutions from 12 BSR countries and Austria. It includes representatives of all the core disciplines of the humanities emerging around 1900. Innovative aspects of the proposed project consist of 1) drawing attention to an emerging region (BSR) consisting of countries previously considered as belonging to separate historical regions, 2) systematic investigation of knowledge and culture exchange within and beyond the region, 3) innovative theoretical framework, 4) inter/multidisciplinary methodology and 5) explicit gender perspectives.


Lali K.,Shota Rustaveli State University
Acta Physica Polonica A | Year: 2015

In the present work we have shown the effciency of complex investigation of the ion implanted garnet surface region by magneto-optical and optical methods. We have investigated the optical and magneto-optical properties of the ion-implanted (YBiCaSm)3(FeGeSi)5O12 garnet films. It has shown that ion implantation influences significantly the magneto-optical properties of the garnet films and practically does not change its optical characteristics. We have also determined the spectral dependences of the component of the tensor of dielectric permittivity for the surface of ion implanted (YBiCaSm)3(FeGeSi)5O12 ferrite-garnet films before and after implantation process. These calculations let us evaluate the influence of implantation on an electronic energy structure of the surface layer for the sample.


Lomtatidze N.,Shota Rustaveli State University
Georgian medical news | Year: 2013

The aim of research was monitoring of the main atmospheric air pollutants concentration on Adjara Autonomous Republic territory in order to determine their role in causing different diseases. The following atmospheric air pollutants have been determined in Batumi: dust, carbon monoxide, sulfur and nitrogen dioxide. The number of diseases registered in Adjara Autonomous Republic, which may be linked to the air pollution, has been studied. These are the following: chronic and nonspecific bronchitis, asthma and asthma status diseases, allergic rhinitis, trachea-, bronchi- and lung malignant tumor. In order to reduce the number of risk-factors significant attention should be paid to the proper functionality of the vehicles and systematic observations should continue on the chemical pollution of the air to make proper decisions to reduce the number of diseases.


Kobakhidze M.,Shota Rustaveli State University | Seidishvili N.,Shota Rustaveli State University
6th Baltic Conference on Food Science and Technology: Innovations for Food Science and Production, FOODBALT-2011 - Conference Proceedings | Year: 2011

The research objective is the new technology of the granulated green tea with antioxidant properties and its solubility in boiled water. Object of research is served: fresh shoot of tea, steamed tea shoot (granules received from them). Quality of tea is defined by physical and chemical indicators of infusion: colour, transparency, aroma, taste, body. The technological scheme of granule processing is the following: steamed tea leaf, partial drying of steamed reception of granules and drying. Extraction of cellular juice, tea leaves; to achieve the result we used different sizes of a matrix for reception of granules. After the launching experiments, we established the optimum size of granules as following: matrix thickness (3, 5 and 10 mm) and the diameter of a pore (3, 5 and 7 mm). Four times drawing of granules in boiled water defined the physical and chemical indicators of received samples: definition of extractive substances is - tannin method of Vorontsov and cate?hins method of Bokuchava. As a results manufacturing method of the granulated green tea are yielded. The product is characterized by fast dissolution after drawing it to boiled water and this feature considerably surpasses usual tea. This product is rich with cate?hins which possess antioxidant characteristic and ? vitamin activity. It is remarkable, that this method is simple enough. Farmers engaged in a small-scale tea business can use it. Our technology satisfies market requirements, and we consider sale possibility in those countries where products of green tea are traditionally popular.


The aim the research was to study the hormonal state of reproductive age women with tumors of body of uterus. The quantitative changes of sex steroid hormones: progesterone (P), estradiol (E), testosterone (T), gonadotropine -Luteinizing hormone (LH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were investigated. Distribution of ABO blood group antigens and Rh-Hr systems genetic variants in the blood of women living in Adjara Region was also studied. For study was used reproductive age women's blood with benign (fibromioma) and malignant (endometrial cancer) tumors of body of uterus (the middle age was 20-45 years). The determination of hormones was made by the enzymatic analysis method (ELAIZA). For the research of blood groups, were used the immunoserologic methods. The study have revealed that in blood of reproductive age women with benign and malignant tumors of body of uterus, level of estradiol was increased while levels of progesterone and testosterone were sharply reduced. Amount of Follicle-stimulating hormone and Luteinizing hormone were also increased. It's significant that, both hormones were sharply increased in case of cancer of body of uterus, in comparison with control group and benign tumor. According to distribution of ABO blood group phenotypes - O (I) phenotypic group of ABO system has its highest frequency in blood of women with cancer of body of uterus. Cancer of body of uterus is associated with O (I) phenotypic groups; benign tumor of body of uterus - with A(II) and AB(IV) phenotypic groups. Women with cc and EE genetic variants of Rh-Hr system have sensitivity to the development of benign and malignant tumors of body of uterus; women with ee genetic variant have lower sensitivity towards body of uterus cancer and sharply expressed sensitivity to uterus benign tumors. In women with malignant tumors of body of uterus the frequency of distribution of Rh-Hr system CC genetic variant was sharply reduced.


Devadze D.,Shota Rustaveli State University | Abashidze M.,Shota Rustaveli State University | Beridze V.,Shota Rustaveli State University
Proceedings of 2015 IEEE East-West Design and Test Symposium, EWDTS 2015 | Year: 2015

The paper deals with optimal control problems whose behavior is described by an elliptic equations with Bitsadze-Samarski nonlocal boundary conditions. The theorem about a necessary and sufficient optimality condition is given. The existence and uniqueness of a solution of the conjugate problem are proved. A numerical method of the solution of an optimal problem by means of the Mathcad package is presented. © 2015 IEEE.


PubMed | Shota Rustaveli State University
Type: | Journal: Georgian medical news | Year: 2015

The aim of our study was to find out the magnitude of anxiety and depression in our common dermatological patients and its correlation with age, sex. For this purpose, we used Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS. The psychometric validity of HADS has been established by validating the questionnaire against the structured psychiatric interviews. A study of anxiety and depression in patients with dermatologic diseases was conducted on the basis of outpatients department in 211 patients with dermatologic diseases; among them were 107 male and 104 female, aged 16 to 75 years. Among them were patients with Acne, Alopecia Areata, Psoriasis, Vitiligo, Neurodermatitis, Scabies, Eczema and Other diseases (Atopic Dermatitis, Chronic Urticaria, Lichen Planus, Herpes Zoster, Melasma, Warts and Etc.). Based on studies of patients reveals that 65.4% of them are anxiety, depression - 56.2%, both anxiety and depression in 24.7%, there figures higher than the dates of other authorizes. As a result of a direct link research risk disorder depressive spectrum with sex, age; in woman anxiety and depression occurs more frequently than men, and anxiety occurs more frequently in young age. Especially there are hight frequencies of manifestation of abuse in patients with Psoriasis (anxiety - 83.3%, depression - 69.4%, both - 38.8%), Eczema (anxiety - 73.3%, depression - 56.6%, both - 26.7%), Acne (anxiety - 78.4%, depression - 54%, both - 21.6%), Vitiligo (anxiety - 66.7%, depression - 60%, both - 33.3%). Our study noticed higher dates of anxiety and depression than the dates of other outhorizes.


PubMed | Shota Rustaveli State University
Type: | Journal: Georgian medical news | Year: 2014

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) is still one of the major public health problems. Over the last half decade the significant problem is an increased ratio of drug-resistant TB cases. TB is as well the most significant infectious disease in the country of Georgia. Pulmonary tuberculosis is assessed as a complex infectious disease affected by both, environmental and genetic factors. Present study was undertaken to find out the correlation between pulmonary tuberculosis and erythrocyte blood groups antigens determinant alleles (ABO - r, p, q; Rh D+, Rh D- and MN - p, q) in two different, Georgian and Azeri, ethno groups. Immune-serological methods, direct reaction of universal monoclonal antibodies were used. Materials processed by biostatistician methods. The study had shown different correlation of pulmonary tuberculosis to erythrocyte blood groups determinant alleles in Georgian and Azeri ethno groups. In Georgian ethno group pulmonary TB correlates with ABO-r and p, Rh-D,+ and MN-p alleles, whether ABO-q, Rh-D,- and MN-p in Azeri ethno group.


PubMed | b Maternity and Child Health Center, Shota Rustaveli State University, University of Saskatchewan and Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
Type: | Journal: The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma | Year: 2016

A relative lack of data for Eastern Europe and unknown epidemiology of childhood asthma in Batumi (Georgia) justified a study aimed at determining the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and related respiratory conditions, a comparison of the prevalence of these conditions between urban and rural children, and identification of their environmental correlates.Subjects of the cross-sectional population-based study were 3238 urban and 2081 rural children aged 5-17years whose respiratory status was assessed using the ISAAC questionnaire.The overall prevalence of asthma was larger in rural children than in urban children (2.8% vs. 1.8%, respectively; p = 0.01). Spastic bronchitis occurred with similar frequency in urban (7.8%) and rural children (6.5%). Compared with urban children, rural subjects had dry cough at night (13.1 vs 8.2%, p < 0.001) and attacks of dyspnea (4.7 vs 2.4%, p < 0.001) more often. The prevalence of other symptoms did not differ significantly between urban and rural subjects. Results of multivariate analyses showed that both asthma and spastic bronchitis were associated (p < 0.05) with parental history of asthma, dampness in the house, and poor financial standing of the family. In addition, asthma was related to coal/wood-based heating whereas spastic bronchitis was associated with passive smoking and lower parental education.The findings show a low prevalence of ever-diagnosed asthma in the examined population. Nosological tradition and similar correlates of asthma and spastic bronchitis suggest that some cases of asthma might be included in the diagnostic category of spastic bronchitis.


PubMed | Shota Rustaveli State University
Type: | Journal: Georgian medical news | Year: 2016

Aim - to define the parameters of physical development of children in orphanages. 72 children (45 boys, 27 girls) without chronic debilitating diseases and condition aged from 1 to 6 years from Tbilisi and Makhinjauri orphanages (Georgia) were assessed. Height and weight of all subjects were measured and BMI, height SDS (standard deviation score) and weight SDS were calculated. Data were compared to the normal values (national data). The retardation of the physical development were seen along almost all findings. The significant differences regarding age and gender were not revealed. The most expressed tendency to delay was expressed in the height of boys, particularly aged 3-5 years. Our data confirm that institution upbringing has a negative impact on the growth of children of 1-6 years of age. In children aged from 1 to 6 years who are healthy but live in orphanages there is a marked tendency to lag behind in physical development, mainly in height. The above-mentioned confirms the opinion about negative impact of upbringing in orphanages on the physical development of children.

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