Miyagi, Japan

Shokei Gakuin University

Miyagi, Japan

Shokei Gakuin University is a private university in Natori, Miyagi, Japan, established in 2003. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1892. Wikipedia.

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Liu T.,Tohoku University | Kim D.W.,Tohoku University | Niitsu M.,Josai University | Maeda S.,Tohoku University | And 5 more authors.
Plant and Cell Physiology | Year: 2014

Polyamine oxidase (PAO), which requires FAD as a cofactor, functions in polyamine catabolism. Plant PAOs are classified into two groups based on their reaction modes. The terminal catabolism (TC) reaction always produces 1,3-diaminopropane (DAP), H2O2, and the respective aldehydes, while the back-conversion (BC) reaction produces spermidine (Spd) from tetraamines, spermine (Spm) and thermospermine (T-Spm) and/or putrescine from Spd, along with 3-aminopropanal and H2O2. The Oryza sativa genome contains seven PAO-encoded genes termed OsPAO1-OsPAO7. To date, we have characterized four OsPAO genes. The products of these genes, i.e. OsPAO1, OsPAO3, OsPAO4 and OsPAO5, catalyze BC-type reactions. Whereas OsPAO1 remains in the cytoplasm, the other three PAOs localize to peroxisomes. Here, we examined OsPAO7 and its gene product. OsPAO7 shows high identity to maize ZmPAO1, the best characterized plant PAO having TC-type activity. OsPAO7 seems to remain in a peripheral layer of the plant cell with the aid of its predicted signal peptide and transmembrane domain. Recombinant OsPAO7 prefers Spm and Spd as substrates, and it produces DAP from both substrates in a time-dependent manner, indicating that OsPAO7 is the first TC-type enzyme identified in O. sativa. The results clearly show that two types of PAOs co-exist in O. sativa. Furthermore, OsPAO7 is specifically expressed in anthers, with an expressional peak at the bicellular pollen stage. The physiological function of OsPAO7 in anthers is discussed. © 2014 The Author.

Shikichi Y.,Toyo Gosei Co. | Akasaka K.,Shokei Gakuin University | Tamogami S.,T. Hasegawa Co. | Shankar S.,National University of Singapore | And 2 more authors.
Tetrahedron | Year: 2012

All the eight stereoisomers of 3-acetoxy-11,19-octacosadien-1-ol (1), the male sex pheromone (CH503) of Drosophila melanogaster, were synthesized from two acetylenic starting materials and the enantiomers of 3,4-epoxy-1-butanol PMB ether. Complete separation of the eight isomers of 1 by reversed phase HPLC at -20 °C was achieved after their esterification with (1R,2R)-2-(2,3- anthracenedicarboximido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (27), and the natural CH503 was found to be (3R,11Z,19Z)-1. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Six samples [(3R,14R,26R)-, (3R,14S,26R)-, (3S,14R,26S)-, and (3S,14S,26S)-1, a mixture of (3R,14R,26S)- and (3S,14R,26R)-1, and a mixture of (3R,14S,26S)- and (3S,14S,26R)-1] of miyakosyne A [1, (4E,24E)-14- methyloctacosa-4,24-diene-1,27-diyne-3,26-diol] were synthesized starting from the enantiomers of citronellal (2), employing olefin cross metathesis and R-selective asymmetric acetylation of a stereoisomeric mixture of acetylenic alcohols with vinyl acetate and lipase PS as key reactions. Separation of the eight stereoisomer of 1 by reversed phase HPLC at -56 C was achieved after their esterification with (1R,2R)-2-(anthracene-2,3-dicarboximido) cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (16), and the natural miyakosyne A was found to be a mixture of 95.7% of (3R,14R,26R)-1 and 4.3% of (3R,14S,26R)-1. This is different from the (3R,14S,26R)-configuration of 1 as tentatively assigned by X-ray analysis. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The enantiomers of citronellal have been converted into the enantiomers of the following beetle pheromones: ethyl 4-methylheptanoate (produced by male Nicrophorus vespilloides), 4-methyloctanoic acid (produced by male Oryctes elegans), and 4-methyl-1-nonanol (produced by female Tenebrio molitor). The enantiomeric purities of the synthetic pheromones were determined by HPLC analysis of the corresponding acids after derivatization with Ohrui's reagent [(S)-1-(anthracene-2,3-dicarboximido)-2-propanol]. The enantiomers of 4-methyl-1-nonanol could also be analyzed employing another Ohrui's reagent [(1. S,2. S)-2-(naphthalene-2,3-dicarboximido)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid]. © 2016.

Onodera T.,Tohoku University | Futai E.,Tohoku University | Kan E.,Tohoku University | Abe N.,Tohoku University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Plasmalogens (Pls) are widely distributed in the biological membrane of animals and certain anaerobic bacteria, but their functions in the cell membrane are still poorly understood. Decrease of phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogen (PEPls) in the brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease prompted us to investigate the effect of the membrane phosphorus lipid composition on the activity of γ-secretase that produces amyloid-beta protein (Aβ). To clarify the effect of phospholipids, including PEPls, on Aβ production, γ-secretase activity was measured in an in vitro assay using yeast microsomes and reconstituted liposomes. The presence of ethanolamine phospholipids in the proteoliposome weakened γ-secretase activity. In addition, increased PEPls content in total ethanolamine phospholipids further decreased the enzyme activity, indicating that γ-secretase activity is affected by the membrane phospholipid PEPls/PE ratio. Furthermore, PEPls from anaerobic bacterial cell membrane induced the same effect on γ-secretase activity. © 2014 The Authors 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.

Niwa T.,Nagoya University | Niwa T.,Shokei Gakuin University | Yokoyama S.-I.,Gifu Prefectural Government | Osawa T.,Nagoya University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

Soy isoflavonoids have many useful properties. However, they are metabolized in vivo, including in humans. The effect of the metabolism of soy isoflavonoids on their properties is not fully understood. We have isolated the bacterial strain SY8519, which has been shown to metabolize daidzein to O-desmethylangolensin and to produce 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid from genistein. According to chiral HPLC analysis, the 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid obtained from the bacterium was optically active. To determine the absolute stereochemistry of the microbial product, we prepared (S)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionic acid from (S)-2-phenylpropionic and concluded that the microbial product had an R-configuration by chiral HPLC analysis. We also applied the metabolite to mouse adipocytes and found that 2-HPPA was less effective at reducing leptin secretion than the parent compound genistein. Our results suggested that 'O-desmethylangolensin-production' attenuates the effect of soy isoflavonoids by reducing not only the activity of daidzein but also that of genistein. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abstract All the four stereoisomers of 5,11-dimethylpentacosane (>96.8% purity) were synthesized via the stereoisomers of 5,11-dimethyl-8-pentacosanol, whose stereoisomeric compositions could be determined precisely by their low temperature HPLC analysis after derivatization. 5,11-Dimethyl-8-pentacosanol was prepared by a Grignard reaction between 3-methylheptylmagnesium bromide and 4-methyloctadecanal, both of which were prepared from the commercially available enantiomers of citronellal (97-98% ee). Alternatively, (R)-3-methyl-1-heptanol could be prepared from methyl (R)-3-hydroxybutanoate (100% ee). Pd/C-catalyzed hydrogenation of a 5-methyl-1-alkene caused partial racemaization at C-5. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Akasaka K.,Shokei Gakuin University
Analytical Sciences | Year: 2013

The L-ascorbic acid concentration in beverages was measured after separation by silica gel thin layer chromatography (TLC) by visually determining the time in autocatalytic reaction for the L-ascorbic acid spot to turn the same yellow color of the background and disappear (the end time of the induction period) after spraying the slide with a 3,6-dihydroxyxanthane solution. There was a good linear relationship between the end time of the induction period and the concentration of L-ascorbic acid for concentrations in the range of 5.0 -20 mM (r2 = 0.9944). In addition, there was a goodrelationship expressed by a quadratic equation in the concentration range of 0.1-5.0 mM (r2 = 0.9975). The relative standard deviations of the L-ascorbic acid values for 3 beverages (2.2-8.6 mM) were less than 5% (n = 5), and the recovery of 5.0 mM L-ascorbic acid from 4 beverages (0.7-7 mM) was 97-110%. A good correlation was also observed between the L-ascorbic acid values of 23 beverages (0-86 mM) determined by the proposed TLC method and the colorimetric method contained in a commercially available kit for L-ascorbic acid (r2 = 0.9945). © 2013 The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry.

Akasaka K.,Shokei Gakuin University | Tamogami S.,T. Hasegawa Co. | Beeman R.W.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Mori K.,Toyo Gosei Co.
Tetrahedron | Year: 2011

All four stereoisomers of 4,8-dimethyldecanal (1) were synthesized from the enantiomers of 2-methyl-1-butanol and citronellal. Enantioselective GC analysis enabled separation of (4R,8R)-1 and (4R,8S)-1 from a mixture of (4S,8R)-1 and (4S,8S)-1, when octakis-(2,3-di-O-methoxymethyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl)- γ-cyclodextrin was employed as a chiral stationary phase. Complete separation of the four stereoisomers of 1 on reversed-phase HPLC at -54 °C was achieved after oxidation of 1 to the corresponding carboxylic acid 12 followed by its derivatization with (1R,2R)-2-(2,3-anthracenedicarboximido) cyclohexanol, and the natural 1 was found to be a mixture of all the four stereoisomers. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kim Y.,Toyama Prefectural University | Ogura H.,Toyama Prefectural University | Akasaka K.,Shokei Gakuin University | Oikawa T.,Kanagawa University of Human Services | And 4 more authors.
Marine Drugs | Year: 2014

One new α-pyrone (nocapyrone R (1)), and three known γ-pyrones (nocapyrones B, H and L (2-4)) were isolated from the culture extract of a Nocardiopsis strain collected from marine sediment. Structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data including NMR and MS. γ-Pyrones 2-4 were found to induce adiponectin production in murine ST-13 preadipocyte cells but the α-pyrone 1 had no activity. The absolute configuration of the anteiso-methyl branching in 4 was determined by HPLC comparison of a degraded product of 4 with standard samples as a 2:3 enantiomeric mixture of (R)- and (S)-isomers. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI.

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