Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka

Shizuoka-shi, Japan

Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka

Shizuoka-shi, Japan

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PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital and Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian pacing and electrophysiology journal | Year: 2016

Synchronized left ventricular pacing (sLVP) via adaptive cardiac resynchronization therapy (aCRT) algorithm might enhance the efficacy of CRT. A 71-year-old female was admitted with the diagnosis of heart failure. Electrocardiograms revealed left bundle branch block with QRS width of 144ms, and frequent premature ventricular complexes (PVCs). A CRT device was implanted, and sLVP via a CRT algorithm was provided. Frequent PVCs arising from the His-bundle suppressed effective sLVP percentage. Radiofrequency application at the His-bundle successfully eliminated the PVCs, but induced complete atrioventricular (AV) block, leading to loss of sLVP. These procedures remarkably improved the patients cardiac function, suggesting the advantage of PVC elimination overweighed the disadvantage of loss of sLVP.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015

Matrix-producing carcinoma (MPC) is extremely rare. Limited reports have described the cytological aspects of MPC. Herein, we present 2 cases of MPC, both of which showed ring-enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and chondromyxoid matrix on cytological specimens. In these cases, the diagnosis of MPC was preoperatively suspected. Recognizing extracellular matrix as chondromyxoid matrix on the cytological specimen is important in making a distinction between MPC and mucinous carcinoma. They share some features on cytology and MRI (ring-enhancement) but have different prognoses and involve different approaches for obtaining histological specimens for neoadjuvant therapy. The reason for the different approaches for obtaining the histological specimens is that tumor cells usually distribute peripherally in MPC in contrast to the relatively uniform distribution of mucinous carcinoma. Therefore, it would be helpful if the diagnosis of MPC can be suspected by examination of the cytological specimen.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Kyoto University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015

Ethyl methanesulfonate is a mutagenic, alkylating agent and considered harmful to humans at levels greater than a certain threshold; however, the toxicity at high doses remains unclear. We report a case of a Japanese man who presented with status epilepticus, rhabdomyolysis, pancytopenia, and hair loss after accidental ingestion of a massive amount of ethyl methanesulfonate. The patient completely recovered with critical care, including multiple antiepileptic drugs, renal replacement therapy, blood transfusion, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy, and antibacterial/fungal prophylaxis. The case indicates that ethyl methanesulfonate causes neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, hematotoxicity, and renal toxicity, which can be successfully treated with appropriate palliative therapies.


PubMed | Hamamatsu University School of Medicine and Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015

A 53-year-old woman with breast cancer received FEC treatment (5FU: 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin: 100 mg/m(2), and cyclophosphamide: 500 mg/m(2)) every 3 weeks as preoperative chemotherapy. Fifteen days after her third cycle of FEC, she developed a cold. Diplopia occurred 4 days after developing the cold, and progressive paresthesia of the hands and weakness of the limbs occurred. She had ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and are flexia and was diagnosed with Miller Fisher Syndrome (MFS). The cause of MFS during chemotherapy is believed to be caused by an immunological response to infection, or drug neurotoxicity. In our case, since the patient underwent an antecedent upper respiratory infection in the period of myelosuppression, her MFS was probably induced by the immunoreaction associated with this infection. Our patient underwent intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. After initiation of the treatment, her neurological symptoms improved, then, she received a fourth cycle of FEC and her remaining neurological symptoms did not worsen. Thus, we report a rare case of MFS developed in immunosuppression by chemotherapy and remind physicians of the alarming triad of MFS symptoms.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

Less than 40 cases of primary pleural synovial sarcoma (SS) have been reported to date. Furthermore, only three cases of cystic SS have been documented in the English literature, including cases originating from sites other than the pleura. Herein, we present an exceedingly rare case of cystic SS originating from the mediastinal side of the visceral pleura in an asymptomatic 47-year-old man, which was detected during a checkup. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography, distinguishing between cystic SS and cystic thymoma was difficult because the tumor was attached to the anterior mediastinum where the latter type of malignancy is more often detected. Histopathological examination showed tumor cells with spindled morphology showing hypercellularity and moderate nuclear atypia, with less than one mitotic figure per high-power field. As these features are associated with both monophasic fibrous SS and type A thymoma, more data was required to determine proper diagnosis, and therefore, immunohistochemistry was performed. Along with a conventional panel of markers, the SS-specific marker integrase interactor 1 (INI-1) was applied and found to be decreased; decreased expression of INI-1 is characteristic of SS. A diagnosis of SS was confirmed by detection of the SYT-SSX fusion gene via fluorescence in situ hybridization. Given the relatively common availability of INI-1 testing in departments of pathology, this protein would be helpful incorporated into the standard panel of markers for diagnosing SS.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka, Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Shizuoka and Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

Xanthogranulomatous gastritis (XGG) is a rarely encountered condition, and its causative mechanism is still unclear. Given that some types of xanthogranulomatous inflammation (XGI) are associated with pathogens, infection should be considered as a possible cause of XGG. Herein, we report a case of an 86-year-old woman presenting with a large, bleeding lesion resembling a submucosal tumor. Distal gastrectomy was performed, and the surgically resected specimen revealed a mass measuring 6 4.5 3 cm and appearing yellowish on the cut surface. Histopathological examination revealed a few Actinomyces sulfur granules and cellular composition characteristic of XGI, supporting a diagnosis of XGG associated with actinomycosis. Gastric actinomycosis is a rare condition and has not previously been reported in association with XGG, although rare cases of XGI associated with actinomycosis have been documented in other organs.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

Cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma (CPDN) is extremely rare in adults. Only 2 cases have been documented in the English literature. Herein, we present a third case of CPDN with unique morphological and immunohistochemical features. A 45-year-old man had a multicystic right renal mass, with a maximum diameter of 3 cm on magnetic resonance imaging. Being unable to rule out malignancy, partial nephrectomy was performed. The surgically resected specimen contained a multicystic mass, 3 3 2.5 cm in size, without an expansile solid nodule. Histopathological examination revealed nephroblastomatous elements without identifiable blastema; transition from cap-mesenchyme-like cells to an immature glomerulus was observed and maturing tubules and a glomerulus were present. Despite the lack of a blastema, the diagnosis of CPDN was the most appropriate. Immunohistochemical WT1 expression imitated the pattern of ongoing normal nephrogenesis. Therefore, we believe that the blastema disappeared because of maturation.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Fujieda
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

The morphology of thymoma is diverse, although 5 basic subtypes are recognized in the World Health Organization classification system. Sclerosing thymoma was first documented in 1994 and to date only 13 cases have been reported. Sclerosis itself is considered to be an ancient change and can occur in various histological subtypes. Herein, we present a case of a 62-year-old woman incidentally found to have an anterior mediastinal mass, 31 24 17 mm in size, without an associated autoimmune disease such as myasthenia gravis. The mass was finally diagnosed as sclerosing thymoma derived from type A thymoma. Intraoperative pathological examination using a limited amount of sample did not allow a definitive diagnosis of thymoma in this case. When dealing with fibrous lesions observed in limited samples such as biopsy and intraoperative frozen specimens, recognizing sclerosing thymoma is important since there are several disease entities accompanying fibrosis in the anterior mediastinum.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

A limited number of pulmonary adenocarcinoma cases with morule-like components have been described to date, and the most frequent histological subtype is papillary-predominant adenocarcinoma. Occasionally, this type of adenocarcinoma is associated with solid-predominant adenocarcinoma. EGFR mutations are predominant in adenocarcinoma with morule-like components, followed by ALK rearrangements. Herein, we present 2 cases of solid-predominant adenocarcinoma with morule-like components harboring either an EGFR or KRAS mutation. This KRAS-mutant case is the first to be associated with morule-like components, to the best of our knowledge. Both cases showed transition between micropapillary and morule-like components. Transition between morule-like and solid components was also observed in both cases. Although a few cases of solid-predominant adenocarcinoma have been shown to harbor morule-like components, this type of transition has not been previously well described. We surmised that the solid components of some EGFR-mutant adenocarcinomas might be derived from morule-like components.


PubMed | Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital Shizuoka and Fujieda Municipal General Hospital Shizuoka
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

Some neoplasms are associated with granulomatous inflammation. Granuloma formation in tumor tissue is caused by the cytokines derived from either the main tumor or other cells surrounding the tumor. In other instances, granulomatous inflammation is observed in the lymph nodes draining a tumor. This has been recognized as a sarcoid-like reaction. Herein, we report of a 75-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), where granulomatous inflammation was observed extensively at the primary site. The carcinoma seemed to partly regress. In the regressing area, tumor cell debris was surrounded by granuloma. In contrast, no granuloma was identified in the dissected regional lymph nodes. To the best of our knowledge, such a case of SCC had not been described thus far. More case studies are required to determine whether tumor-related granuloma is the main cause of regression or whether it is just a secondary phenomenon caused by the attack and destruction of the tumor by lymphocytes.

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