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Kolhapur, India

Shivaji University , established in 1962, is in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. It is spread over a sprawling campus of 853 acres . The university is named after the great Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, founder of the Maratha Empire. It was inaugurated on 18 November 1962 by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the then president of India. Yashwantrao Chavan and Balasaheb Desai took the lead in establishing this university. Kolhapur, Sangli, and Satara come under its jurisdiction with 279 affiliated colleges and recognised institutes. One of the major objectives behind its foundation was to cater to the regional needs of South Maharashtra. Wikipedia.

Sathe T.V.,Shivaji University
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014

Kolhapur region of Maharashtra, India provides very rich biodiversity due to high rainfall (700-6000 mm), temperature range 8° - 41°C, several types of water bodies and decaying organic matters of both plant and animal origin. The environment of Kolhapur thus, is very conducive for sand fly populations. The sand flies suck the blood of humans, domestic and wild animals and transmit diseases like Leishmaniasis (kalaazar), three day fever, yellow fever, oroya fever etc. in different parts of the world. Therefore, ecology and control measures of Phlebotomus sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) have been studied from Kolhapur, India. A total of 15 species of the genus Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia belonging to 9 sub genera have been reported. The seasonal abundance and life cycles in P. (E.) argentipes, P. (E.) glaucus and P. (I.) tubifer have been reported at 27±1°C, 70-80% R.H. and 12 hr photoperiod in the laboratory. They completed their life cycles from egg to adult within 25 days, 45 days and 52 days respectively. All above 3 species were very abundant in monsoon season than in winter and summer. Sergentomyia (S.) smithi, S.(N.) chalarni, S.(N.) malbarica, S.(G.) poonaensis and P.(E.) glaucus were mostly found in plains and in relatively less rainfall area. While, P.(I.) tubifer, S. (G.) indica, S.(N.) dhandai, S.(N.) chakravarti, S.(N.) hodssoni and S.(N.) iyengari were found mostly in forests and heavy rain areas. Hence, Kolhapur region is supposed to be a high risk area for sand fly borne diseases. Therefore, preventive and curative control measures are given in the text.

Bhalekar S.B.,Shivaji University
Pramana - Journal of Physics | Year: 2013

In this paper we analyse stability of nonlinear fractional order delay differential equations of the form Dα y(t) = a f (y(t - τ) - by(t), where Dα is a Caputo fractional derivative of order 0 < α 1. We describe stability regions using critical curves. To explain the proposed c Indian Academy of Sciences theory, we discuss fractional order logistic equation with delay. © Indian Academy of Sciences.

A few points of scientific importance regarding the XRD data interpretation of the recently reported novel ZnAg3SbO4 are raised in this comment. The formation of AgCl (along with some impurities originating from Zn and/or Sb) rather than ZnAg3SbO4 is proved after comparison of the reported XRD pattern in the original paper and the simulated XRD pattern of AgCl in this comment. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Bhalekar S.,Shivaji University
Signal, Image and Video Processing | Year: 2012

Chaotic dynamics of the fractional order Uçar system involving time delay is studied. Modified Adams-Bashforth-Moulton method is used for numerical simulations. Effect of fractional order and delay on chaotic behavior of the system is studied. The two-scroll attractor is observed in the system for the range of fractional order 0. 5 < α ≤ 1. For the range 0. 2 ≤ α ≤ 0. 5, same system shows one-scroll attractor. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London Limited.

Jagtap U.B.,Shivaji University | Bapat V.A.,Shivaji University
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2010

The genus Artocarpus (Moraceae) comprises about 50 species of evergreen and deciduous trees. Economically, the genus is of appreciable importance as a source of edible fruit, yield fairly good timber and is widely used in folk medicines. The aim of the present review is to present comprehensive information of the chemical constituents, biological and pharmacological research on Artocarpus which will be presented and critically evaluated. The close connection between traditional and modern sources for ethnopharmacological uses of Artocarpus species, especially for treatment against inflammation, malarial fever, diarrhoea, diabetes and tapeworm infection. Artocarpus species are rich in phenolic compounds including flavonoids, stilbenoids, arylbenzofurons and Jacalin, a lectin. The extracts and metabolites of Artocarpus particularly those from leaves, bark, stem and fruit possess several useful bioactive compounds and recently additional data are available on exploitation of these compounds in the various biological activities including antibacterial, antitubercular, antiviral, antifungal, antiplatelet, antiarthritic, tyrosinase inhibitory and cytotoxicity. Several pharmacological studies of the natural products from Artocarpus have conclusively established their mode of action in treatment of various diseases and other health benefits. Jacalin, a lectin present in seeds of this plant has a wide range of activities. Strong interdisciplinary programmes that incorporate conventional and new technologies will be critical for the future development of Artocarpus as a promising source of medicinal products. In the present review, attempts on the important findings have been made on identification; synthesis and bioactivity of metabolites present in Artocarpus which have been highlighted along with the current trends in research on Artocarpus. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

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