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Shibata M.,Shiseido Innovative Science Research and Development Center | Ishimatsu-Tsuji Y.,Shiseido Innovative Science Research and Development Center | Yokoo M.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Nakai Y.,University of Tokyo | And 2 more authors.
BioFactors | Year: 2011

Winged bean (WB), Psophocarpus tetragonolobus, is a tropical legume, the potential of which is not fully understood. We found that 5-week oral administration of a WB seed extract inhibited wrinkle formation induced by repeated tape stripping (TS) as a model of lichenification in human chronic eczematous dermatitis. To elucidate the mechanism of the effect of WB on this model, we applied microarray analysis. Hierarchical clustering revealed that each experimental group formed a distinct cluster, suggesting the presence of a distinct gene expression profile among the three groups of non-TS, TS, and TS with oral administration of WB extract (TS/WB). Gene ontology analysis showed that several gene groups with keratinization and mitosis were significantly upregulated by TS, while other groups with ATP synthesis and glycolysis were significantly downregulated by TS/WB. Moreover, WB extract influenced a number of genes related to epidermal differentiation and inflammation. This suggests that these changes inhibited wrinkle formation by TS. © 2011 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Hasegawa T.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Shimada H.,Shiseido Innovative Science Research Center | Uchiyama T.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Ueda O.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | And 2 more authors.
Lipids | Year: 2011

In this study, we investigated whether dietary glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and its metabolite sphingoid bases, sphingosine (SS), phytosphingosine (PS), sphingadienine (SD) and 4-hydroxysphingenine (4HS), influence cornified envelope (CE) formation. CE is formed during terminal differentiation of the epidermis through crosslinking of specific precursor proteins by transglutaminases (TGases), and is essential for the skin's barrier function. Oral administration of GlcCer (0.25 mg/day) for 14 consecutive days dramatically reduced transepidermal water loss, an indicator of the skin barrier condition, in hairless mice with barrier perturbation induced by single-dose ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation. The GlcCer treatment also increased the level of TGase-1 mRNA in UVB-irradiated murine epidermis approximately 1.6-fold compared with the control. Further, all four sphingoid bases at 1 μM concentration enhanced CE formation of cultured normal human keratinocyte cells. Among them, SS, PS and SD, but not 4HS, stimulated production of involucrin, one of the CE major precursor proteins. SD increased the expression of TGase-1 mRNA, while SS increased the expression of TGase-3 mRNA. These results indicate that the skin barrier improvement induced by oral GlcCer treatment might be at least partly due to a reinforcement of CE formation in the epidermis mediated by sphingoid bases metabolically derived from GlcCer. © 2011 AOCS.

Ideta R.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Sakuta T.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Nakano Y.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center | Uchiyama T.,Shiseido Functional Food Research and Development Center
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Dietary glucosylceramide improves the skin barrier function. We used a microarray system to analyze the mRNA expression in SDS-treated dorsal skin of the hairless mouse to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved. The transepidermal water loss of mouse skin was increased by the SDS treatment, this increase being significantly reduced by a prior oral administration of glucosylceramides. The microarray-evaluated mRNA expression ratio showed a statistically significant increase in the expression of genes related to the cornified envelope and tight junction formation when compared with all genes in the glucosylceramide-fed/SDS-treated mouse skin. We then examined the contribution of glucosylceramide metabolites to the tight junction formation of cultured keratinocytes. The SDS treatment of cultured keratinocytes significantly decreased the transepidermal electrical resistance, this decrease being significantly ameliorated in the presence of sphingosine or phytosphingosine, the major metabolites of glucosylceramide. These results suggest that an oral administration of glucosylceramide improved the skin barrier function by up-regulating genes associated with both the cornified envelope and tight junction formation.

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