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Khademi B.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | Hashemi S.B.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | Ghaderi A.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | Shahrestani A.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2012

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common malignancy that involves the upper aerodi-gestive tract. Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is an immunoregulatory cytokine that has been reported to have some polymorphisms in it gene associated with same disease especially asthma and allergy. The present study aimed to investigate whether the polymorphisms of IL-13 gene (at positions of 1055C/T in the promoter of1L-13 gene and +2044G/T exon-4) differ in patients with head and neck SCC from healthy controls. Methods: This study was investigated in patient with head and neck SCC (n = 137) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 127). Genotyping of IL-13 gene polymorphism was performed using polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the frequencies of genotypes and al-leles between patients and control group at both sites (p = 0.16). In addition, no association was observed between investigated genotypes and other potential prognostic factors such as age, sex, primary tumor site, tumor size and smoking. Conclusion: This study suggests that there is no association between IL-13 gene polymorphisms (at position -1055C/T and +2044GI A) and susceptibility of the patients to SCC of head and neck.

Moghanibashi M.,Islamic Azad University | Mohamadynejad P.,Islamic Azad University | Rasekhi M.,Islamic Azad University | Ghaderi A.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Mohammadianpanah M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Gene | Year: 2012

TFF1 is a cysteine-rich protein that forms a characteristic trefoil domain through disulfide bonds, which render it resistant to vigorous conditions and it involves in maintaining the integrity of the gastric mucosa. Decreased expression of TFF1 gene plays a role in the development of gastric cancer. We examined the association between the promoter polymorphisms of the TFF1 gene and the risk of development of gastric cancer, in a case-control study including 199 controls and 141 patients with gastric cancer. Assessment of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TFF1 gene was performed by sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism. We found a statistically significant increased risk of gastric cancer associated with - 394 TT genotypes (OR = 8.78, CI = 2.85-27.05, p < 0.001) and CT (OR = 1.64, CI = 1.04-2.60, p = 0.033). This single nucleotide polymorphism occurs naturally in an estrogen response element. According to induction of the TFF1 gene by estrogen, it is possible that the substitution of C to T results in a decreased estrogen receptor binding affinity to the estrogen response element and in turn it decreases the expression of the TFF1 gene that may be involved in development of gastric cancer over a lifetime. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Razmkhah M.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Abedi N.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Hosseini A.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Ghaderi A.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Ghaderi A.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Iranian Journal of Immunology | Year: 2015

Background: Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) provoke the accumulation and expansion of regulatory T cells, leading to the modulation of immune responses in tumor microenvironment. Objective: To assess the effect of tumoral ASCs on the trend of regulatory T cells differentiation. Methods: Peripheral blood naïve CD4+ T cells were co-cultured with ASCs derived from breast cancer or normal breast tissues. In separate cultures peripheral blood naïve CD4+ T cells were exposed to the culture supernatants of ASCs. Results: Generation of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ and CD4+CD25- Foxp3+ Treg subsets was observed after coculture of naïve CD4+ T cell with either ASCs or the related supernatant. The percentage of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells increased after exposing naïve CD4+ T cells to both ASCs and their supernatants while augmentation of CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ subset mostly depended on the presence of ASCs. Similarly, upregulation of FoxP3 molecule was more significant in condition of cell to cell contact. IL-4 and IL-10 were up-regulated in the cocultured naïve CD4+ T cells after exposure to ASCs/supernatant while IFN-γ was down-regulated in the presence of ASCs. Conclusion: Accordingly, ASC may act as one of the major players in tumor site with immunomodulatory effects, which may mostly be carried out through direct cellcell interaction. © 2015, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences .All Rights Reserved.

Erfani N.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Rezaeifard S.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Haghshenas M.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Rasouli M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Iranian Journal of Immunology | Year: 2014

Background: Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of death from malignancy in women. CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells are a subset of T lymphocytes with great inhibitory impact on immune response. Objectives: To investigate the percentage of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells in the peripheral blood of the Iranian patients with epithelial ovarian cancer compared to healthy women and to evaluate the correlation of the Treg cell percentage with clinicopathological characteristics including cancer stage and CA-125 serum level. Methods: Seventeen women with epithelial ovarian cancer and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stained at the surface, for CD4 and CD25 molecules, followed by fixation, permeabilization and intracellular staining for FoxP3 molecule. After processing and flowcytometry analysis, prevalence of Treg cells was determined as the percentages of CD25+FoxP3+ cells among CD4+ lymphocytes. Results: Despite no difference in the percentage of total CD4+ lymphocytes, analysis indicated that Treg cell percentage was significantly higher in ovarian cancer patients than controls (5.7 ± 3.1% versus 2.8 ± 1.4%, p=0.002). A trend toward higher Treg cells was observed in higher stages of ovarian cancer (III+IV) in comparison to lower stages (I+II) (6.5 ± 3.2% vs. 4.44 ± 2.7%, p=0.2). Higher percentage of Treg cells was also observed in the patients with high CA125 (CA-125 >100 U/mL) in comparison to those with low CA-125 serum level (CA-125 ≤ 100 U/mL) although the difference was not significant (6.44 versus 4.18%, p=0.19). Conclusion: Increased frequency of Tregs in ovarian cancer might participate in immune suppression in these patients. The findings collectively suggest the likely impact of Treg cell–targeted immunotherapy in ovarian cancer. © 2014, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

Faghih Z.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Rezaeifard S.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Safaei A.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | Ghaderi A.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research | Erfani N.,Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research
Iranian Journal of Immunology | Year: 2013

Background: CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes have been recently divided based on their cytokine expression profile. Objective: To evaluate the percentages of CD8+ lymphocytes and their effector subsets including Tc1, Tc2 and Tc17 in the tumor draining lymph nodes (TDLNs) of patients with breast cancer. Methods: Single cell suspensions were obtained from TDLNs of 42 patients with breast cancer. Staining of the cell surface markers and intracellular cytokines was performed using appropriate fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies. The data was acquired on a four-color flow cytometer and was analyzed by CellQuestPro software package. The percentages of different CD8+ cell subtypes (Tc1, Tc2 and Tc17) were quantified in CD8+ T lymphocytes. The comparison was made between LN+ versus LN- patients, as well as patients in different clinico-pathological status. Results: The percentage of Tc1, Tc2 and Tc17 subsets were not significantly different between LN+ and LN- patients. Despite no difference in the percentages of Tc1 cells in LN+ patients with infiltrative ductal carcinoma (IDC), the mean expression of IFN-γ by Tc1 cells decreased significantly in comparison to LN- patients. On the other hand, the percentages of Tc2 and Tc17 effector subsets were increased in advanced stages (p=0.018 and p=0.009, respectively). Conclusion: As the first study to investigate various effector subtypes of CD8+ lymphocytes in TDLNs of patients with breast cancer, our data collectively suggests a positive association between IL-17- and IL-4-producing CD8+ T cell percentages (Tc2 and Tc17) in TDLNs with breast cancer progression. Although the number of Tc1 cells seems not to be affected by cancer progression, down-regulation of IFN-γ by these cells seems to be associated with tumor metastasis to TDLNs. These findings may have implications in cancer immunotherapy based on CD8+ effector subsets.

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