Shingu College

Seongnam, South Korea

Shingu College

Seongnam, South Korea
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Jo H.-J.,Shingu College | Chung S.-J.,Shingu College | Satterfield D.,California State University, Long Beach
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2017

The purpose of this study is to develop a specific design class for children and youth with ASD as the necessity of diversified educational approaches for them rises. And this study aims to motivate ASD students to feel emotional empathy through indirect questions. In this regard, this research focuses on indirect design class and suggests the strategies for instructors to encourage ASD’s spontaneous language production, imaginative thinking and independent achievements. We pursue an indirect design class, which is expected to focus on design-thinking rather than design-outcome while concerning the identity of the students with ASD, improving their spontaneous communication and emotional empathy. More importantly, this study’s ultimate long-term goal is to suggest a guideline of Individualized Educational Plans (IEP) based on the analysis of five-week ITAD proposed in this study. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017.


[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using spinal stabilizing exercise to reduce atrophy of the multifidus and psoas major muscles, reduce the levels of pain and disability, and increase paraspinal muscle strength in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). [Subjects and Methods] In 33 patients (Age range: 25-65 years) diagnosed with DDD, spinal stabilization exercise was conducted for 8 weeks. The levels of pain and disability were measured before and after exercise using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Paraspinal muscular strength in four directions was evaluated with a CENTAUR 3D Spatial Rotation Device. Cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of both the left and right multifidus and the psoas major at the upper endplate of L4 were measured before and after exercise using computed tomography (CT). [Results] After 8 weeks of spinal stabilization exercise, the pain and lumbar disability in subjects decreased significantly from 6.12±1.24 to 2.43±1.14. The ODI score also improved from 20.18±7.14 to 8.81±5.73. In addition, paraspinal muscle strength increased significantly, while the CSAs of the left and right multifidus and psoas major widened as compared with the pre-exercise size. [Conclusion] Spinal stabilization exercise was effective for reducing pain and disability in DDD patients. It was an effective adjunct to aid rehabilitation in these cases. © 2014 The Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.


Shin B.-M.,Gangneung - Wonju National University | Ryu J.-I.,Shingu College | Sheiham A.,University College London | Do L.G.,University of Adelaide | Jung S.-H.,Gangneung - Wonju National University
Journal of Clinical Periodontology | Year: 2015

Aim To assess whether the relationship between socioeconomic position (SEP) and periodontal health fitted the Critical Period or the Social Mobility life course models. Methods A nationally representative sample of 5570 Korean adults from KNHANES IV study. Log-binomial regression models adjusting for adulthood or childhood socioeconomic (SES) variables was used to assess independent effects of socioeconomic differences for childhood, adulthood and period of transition from child to adult in periodontal health. Results In the Critical Period model, poorer periodontal status was associated with SES disadvantage in adulthood and not predicted by SES disadvantage in childhood. For the intergenerational Social Mobility model, prevalence of current periodontal disease was only different for females aged 30-39 and 40-49 years, after adjustment. Prevalence of periodontal disease in females was highest in the downwardly mobile group. Conclusions The Critical Period model was better at explaining association between socioeconomic position and periodontal health, such as the adulthood socioeconomic variables (SEP), had a stronger effect than childhood factors on periodontal disease. The Social Mobility model explained more of the variation in the association between SEP and periodontal health among women than among men. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Lee Y.,Shingu College | Kim C.-I.,Korea Health Industry Development Institute
Journal of Nutrition and Health | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of the dietary intake of Korean elderly according to chewing ability using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted during 2007-2010. Among subjects aged 65 years and over, more than half, 54.3% of elderly people, were classified as the difficulty in chewing group (DC). The DC group had lower nutrients and food intakes than those of in the no difficulty in chewing group (NDC). Findings showed that subjects in the DC group consumed fewer foods, especially fruits and vegetables. In addition, the DC group had significantly lower intakes of pan-fried food, stir-fried food, braised food, and seasoned-cooked vegetables, which could not be easily cooked or chewed. On the other hand, the number of soups and stews included in the top 30 largely consumed dishes were higher in the DC group than in the NDC group. No difference in numbers of daily meal/snack intake was observed between the two groups, however, the DC group had lower numbers of side-dishes compared to the NDC group. Fewer side-dishes per meal could be related to lower intakes of nutrients in dietary quality. Findings of this study demonstrated that dietary intake was influenced by chewing ability of elderly Korean people. Therefore, study of factors affecting dietary intake such as convenient cooking methods to decrease cooking time and skills to extend preservation and storage time of foods will necessary. In addition, development of food products and new techniques of cooking considering health status, chewing, and swallowing ability is required for the elderly, followed by establishment of standards for senior-friendly food products. © 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society.


Ahn S.-H.,Catholic University of Korea | Kwon J.S.,Shingu College | Kim K.,University of Seoul | Kim H.-K.,Catholic University of Korea
Nutrients | Year: 2017

High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Given the importance of behavioral changes to reducing sodium intake, this study aims to investigate the stages of change and the differences in cognitive and behavioral characteristics by stage in Korean consumers. Adult participants (N = 3892) completed a questionnaire on the stages of behavioral change, recognition of social efforts, outcome expectancy, barriers to practice, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors, and self-efficiency related to reduced sodium intake. The numbers of participants in each stage of behavioral change for reducing sodium intake was 29.5% in the maintenance stage, 19.5% in the action stage, and 51.0% in the preaction stage that included the precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages. Multiple logistic regression showed that the factors differentiating the three stages were recognizing a supportive social environment, perceived barriers to the practice of reducing sodium intake, and self-efficacy to be conscious of sodium content and to request less salt when eating out. Purchasing experience of sodium-reduced products for salty foods, knowledge of the recommended intake of salt and the difference between sodium and salt, and improving dietary habits of eating salted fish, processed food, and salty snacks were factors for being in the action stage versus the preaction stage. These findings suggest that tailored intervention according to the characteristics of each stage is helpful in reducing sodium intake. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Kim J.-I.,Konkuk University | Lee J.W.,Konkuk University | Lee Y.A.,Shingu College | Lee D.-H.,Konkuk University | And 5 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2013

Adult neurogenesis can be influenced by a variety of factors. Stress is one of the most potent inhibitors of hippocampal neurogenesis. Stress effects on adult hippocampal neurogenesis are affected differently by environmental factors, including social interaction. Sexual behavior between males and females in a social context has been suggested to influence neurogenesis and enhance hippocampal cell proliferation. However, the mechanisms of action of sexual interaction, the possible changes relative to stress state, and its effects on learning and memory remain uncertain. The current study examined the influence of sexual interaction on neurological responses in adult male mice and the function of sexual interaction relative to recognition memory in stress states. Changes in the expression of neurotrophic and transcription factors were assessed in reference to stress and/or sexual behaviors. The survival of newly generated cells and their rate of differentiation into neurons were determined in the hippocampus of chronically stressed and/or sexually experienced mice. Finally, to evaluate whether sexual experience alters adult hippocampal function, we tested learning and memory in a recognition memory task. The results demonstrated that sexual activity increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, tyrosine kinase B, and cAMP response element-binding factor. Furthermore, the results supported the view that sexual interaction could be helpful for buffering adult hippocampal neurogenesis and recognition memory function against the suppressive actions of chronic stress. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Shin H.,Samsung | Yoon Y.S.,Inje University | Lee Y.,Shingu College | Kim C.-I.,Korea Health Industry Development Institute | Oh S.W.,Dongguk University
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2013

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between dairy product intake and the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among middle-aged Koreans. We examined 7,240 adults aged 40-69 yr without MetS at baseline over a 45.5-month follow-up period. They were taken from the Anseong and Ansan cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Dairy product intake including milk, yogurt, and cheese was assessed with food frequency questionnaire. At the follow-up, the incidence of MetS was 17.1%. The incidences of MetS components were as follows: low HDL cholesterol (16.2%), abdominal obesity (14.0%), hypertriglyceridemia (13.8%), hyperglycemia (13.3%), and hypertension (13.1%). Adjusting for potential confounders, dairy product consumption frequency was inversely associated with the risk of MetS and abdominal obesity. Hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval) for dairy product consumption more than 7 times/week compared to never was 0.75 (0.64-0.88, P for trend <0.001) for MetS and 0.73 (0.61-0.88, P for trend <0.001) for abdominal obesity. HR for milk intake was 0.79 for MetS and 0.82 for abdominal obesity. The results of this study suggest that daily intake of dairy products protects against the development of MetS, particularly abdominal obesity, in middle-aged Koreans. © 2013 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.


Ha Y.B.,Shingu College | Jin M.Y.,Sungkyunkwan University | Oh S.S.,Shingu College | Ryu D.H.,Sungkyunkwan University
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society | Year: 2012

Phenol-free resin was synthesized and its printing ink properties were investigated. The phenol-free resin was produced by esterification of poly phthalate and Diels-Alder adduct of rosin anhydride. Compared to rosin modified phenolic resin, eco-friendly phenol-free resin showed better vehicle properties in terms of gloss, yellowing, runability, and storage stability. The results suggest the utility of phenol-free resin instead of conventional rosin modified phenolic resin. © 2005 KCSNET.


PubMed | Kookmin University and Shingu College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nutrition research and practice | Year: 2015

Emerging evidence shows that eating breakfast and breakfast types may be associated with health outcomes and dietary intakes in various populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between breakfast types in Korean adults with their daily nutrient intakes and health outcomes.A total of 11,801 20- to 64-year-old adults (age 42.9 11.8 yrs [mean standard error of the mean]; male 41.1%, female 58.9%) in 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data were divided into 5 groups based on breakfast types in a 24-hr dietary recall: rice with 3 or more side dishes (Rice3+, 35.3%), rice with 0-2 side dishes (Rice0-2, 34.73%), noodles (1.56%), bread and cereal (6.56%), and breakfast skipping (21.63%). Daily nutrient intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome were compared among five groups.Compared with Korean Recommended Nutrient Intake levels, the breakfast-skipping group showed the lowest intake level in most nutrients, whereas the Rice3+ group showed the highest. Fat intake was higher in the bread and noodle groups than in the other groups. When compared with the Rice3+ group, the odds ratios for the risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome were increased in the breakfast skipping, Rice0-2, and noodle groups after controlling for confounding variables.The rice-based breakfast group showed better nutritional status and health outcomes when eating with 3 or more side dishes. Nutrition education is needed to emphasize both the potential advantage of the rice-based, traditional Korean diet in terms of nutritional content and the importance of food diversity.


PubMed | Inje University, Rusk Hospital and Shingu College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2014

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using spinal stabilizing exercise to reduce atrophy of the multifidus and psoas major muscles, reduce the levels of pain and disability, and increase paraspinal muscle strength in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). [Subjects and Methods] In 33 patients (Age range: 25-65years) diagnosed with DDD, spinal stabilization exercise was conducted for 8 weeks. The levels of pain and disability were measured before and after exercise using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Paraspinal muscular strength in four directions was evaluated with a CENTAUR 3D Spatial Rotation Device. Cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of both the left and right multifidus and the psoas major at the upper endplate of L4 were measured before and after exercise using computed tomography (CT). [Results] After 8 weeks of spinal stabilization exercise, the pain and lumbar disability in subjects decreased significantly from 6.121.24 to 2.431.14. The ODI score also improved from 20.187.14 to 8.815.73. In addition, paraspinal muscle strength increased significantly, while the CSAs of the left and right multifidus and psoas major widened as compared with the pre-exercise size. [Conclusion] Spinal stabilization exercise was effective for reducing pain and disability in DDD patients. It was an effective adjunct to aid rehabilitation in these cases.

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