Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd.

Kagoshima-shi, Japan

Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd.

Kagoshima-shi, Japan
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Arima A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. SNBL | Arima A.,Yamaguchi University | Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. SNBL | Ise R.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. SNBL | And 9 more authors.
Reproductive Toxicology | Year: 2010

We investigated the effects that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure has on the prostate in rhesus monkey offspring. Dams received 0, 30 or 300. ng/kg TCDD subcutaneously on Day 20 of gestation, and then 5% of the initial dose was injected every 30 days until Day 90 after delivery. The offspring were maintained until reaching sexual maturity, and examined histopathologically. Dose-dependent decreases in glands of the prostate and widespread fibrosis were observed in offspring. It is noteworthy that 7 years from the final lactational TCDD exposure, inflammatory cell infiltration and disruption of glands of the prostate were still observed. Differential mRNA expression associated with fibrosis, inflammatory response and disruption of cell components were demonstrated by microarray analysis, with up-regulation of TGM4, TGFB1, COL1A1 and MMP2 confirmed. In conclusion, in utero and lactational exposure to TCDD induced dose-related prostatic fibrosis, indicating prostatic dysfunction and inducible semen quality reduction in second-generation rhesus monkeys. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.


Koyama S.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Koyama S.,SNBL United States Ltd. | Fukuda K.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Fukuda K.,SNBL United States Ltd. | And 13 more authors.
Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics | Year: 2017

Cynomolgus macaques are an important primate species for drug metabolism studies; however cynomolgus CYP2C76, an important drug-metabolizing enzyme, accounts for drug metabolism differences to humans, so that CYP2C76-null animals might show drug-metabolizing properties more similar to humans. In this study, attempts were made to produce CYP2C76-null animals by assisted reproduction technology. Oocytes and sperm collected from the heterozygotes for the null allele (c.449TG > A) were subjected to intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and the embryos produced were cultured in vitro through the blastocyst stage. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis using a biopsied portion of the blastocyst revealed that none of the 32 blastocysts analyzed were homozygotes. In contrast, 2 of the 20 embryos analyzed were homozygotes at the 8-cell stage, indicating that CYP2C76-null embryos most likely stop developing between the 8-cell and blastocyst stage. By polymerase chain reaction, expression of CYP2C76 mRNA was detected in oocytes and blastocysts, but not in 2-, 4-, 8-, or 16/32-cell stage embryos. Metabolic assays showed that CYP2C76 metabolized progesterone. These results indicated that CYP2C76 null was likely embryonic lethal, suggesting its potential role during early embryogenesis in cynomolgus macaques. © 2016 The Japanese Society for the Study of Xenobiotics


Ema M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Ise R.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Oneda S.,SNBL United States Ltd. | And 5 more authors.
Reproductive Toxicology | Year: 2010

The present study was performed to determine experimental conditions for thalidomide induction of fetal malformations and to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying thalidomide teratogenicity in cynomolgus monkeys. Cynomolgus monkeys were orally administered thalidomide at 15 or 20 mg/kg-d on days 26-28 of gestation, and fetuses were examined on day 100-102 of gestation. Limb defects such as micromelia/amelia, paw/foot hyperflexion, polydactyly, syndactyly, and brachydactyly were observed in seven of eight fetuses. Cynomolgus monkeys were orally administered thalidomide at 20 mg/kg on day 26 of gestation, and whole embryos were removed from the dams 6 h after administration. Three embryos each were obtained from the thalidomide-treated and control groups. Total RNA was isolated from individual embryos, amplified to biotinylated cRNA and hybridized to a custom Non-Human Primate (NHP) GeneChip® Array. Altered genes were clustered into genes that were up-regulated (1281 genes) and down-regulated (1081 genes) in thalidomide-exposed embryos. Functional annotation by Gene Ontology (GO) categories revealed up-regulation of actin cytoskeletal remodeling and insulin signaling, and down-regulation of pathways for vasculature development and the inflammatory response. These findings show that thalidomide exposure perturbs a general program of morphoregulatory processes in the monkey embryo. Bioinformatics analysis of the embryonic transcriptome following maternal thalidomide exposure has now identified many key pathways implicated in thalidomide embryopathy, and has also revealed some novel processes that can help unravel the mechanism of this important developmental phenotype. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.


Hirata-Koizumi M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Ise R.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. SNBL | Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. SNBL | Matsuyama T.,SNBL United States Ltd. | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Toxicological Sciences | Year: 2016

2-(2′-Hydroxy-3′,5′-di-tert-butylphenyl)benzotriazole (HDBB), the Benzotriazole UV-stabilizer (BUVSs) known as UV-320, is widely used in plastic materials for protection against UV-ir-radiation. Previously, we reported that oral ingestion of HDBB induce hepatotoxicity including hepatocyte hypertrophy and necrosis in rats and, males was more susceptible compared with females in young rats while no sex-related difference was observed in preweaning rats. Phenotypes observed in our previous study imply involvement of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α in HDBB hepatotoxicity, however, direct evidence that HDBB can activate PPARα has not been provided and the mechanism which underlying the gender difference of HDBB hepatotoxicity was not clearly elucidated. Here, we conduct transcriptome analysis using microarray expression profiles in the livers of rats administered HDBB. PPARα agonist activity of HDBB was elucidated by comparison with gene expression data of typical PPARα agonist, i.e. clofibrate, WY-14643, gemfibrozil, and fenofibrate, from TG GATEs database. Moreover, we analyzed for PPARα mRNA expression in the liver of developing male and female rats. PPARα mRNA expression level was higher in males than in females on postnatal days (PNDs) 28 and 35, whereas no sex-related difference was found on PNDs 7 and 22. These results suggest that HDBB exerts its hepatotoxicity through the PPARα signal pathway and the sex-related difference in PPARα expression may contribute to the sex-related difference in susceptibility to hepatotoxicity. © 2016, Japanese Society of Toxicology. All rights reserved.


Inoue A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Inoue A.,Nagoya University | Arima A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Ebihara S.,Nagoya University
Congenital Anomalies | Year: 2014

A new type of learning and memory test using a finger maze was conducted in infant cynomolgus monkeys that were exposed to thiamazole (2 and 3.5mg/kg per day to pregnant animals orally) during the fetal period (gestational days 120 to 150). We modified Tsuchida's original finger maze test method by reducing the number of trials per day and simplifying the criteria for achievement of training, and we added a long-term memory test. In the memory test, thiamazole-exposed infants required greater time to complete the finger maze test than the control infants although no effect was noted in the training or learning test. The results suggest that an impaired long-term memory could be detected by our modified finger maze test. © 2014 Japanese Teratology Society.


Moinuddin F.M.,Kagoshima University | Shinsato Y.,Kagoshima University | Komatsu M.,Kagoshima University | Mitsuo R.,Kagoshima University | And 7 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

We previously reported that ATP7B is involved in cisplatin resistance and ATP7A confers multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. In this study, we show that ATP7B expressing cells also are resistant to doxorubicin, SN-38, etoposide, and paclitaxel as well as cisplatin. In ATP7B expressing cells, doxorubicin relocated from the nuclei to the late-endosome at 4 hours after doxorubicin exposure. EGFP-ATP7B mainly colocalized with doxorubicin. ATP7B has six metal binding sites (MBSs) in the N-terminal cytoplasmic region. To investigate the role of the MBSs of ATP7B in doxorubicin resistance, we used three mutant ATP7B (Cu0, Cu6 and M6C/S) expressing cells. Cu0 has no MBSs, Cu6 has only the sixth MBS and M6C/S carries CXXC to SXXS mutation in the sixth MBS. Cu6 expressing cells were less resistance to the anticancer agents than wild type ATP7B expressing cells, and had doxorubicin sequestration in the late-endosome. Cu0-and M6C/S-expressing cells were sensitive to doxorubicin. In these cells, doxorubicin did not relocalize to the late-endosome. EGFP-M6C/S mainly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) even in the presence of copper. Thus the cysteine residues in the sixth MBS of ATP7B are essential for MDR phenotype. Finally, we found that ammonium chloride and tamoxifen suppressed late endosomal sequestration of doxorubicin, thereby attenuating drug resistance. These results suggest that the sequestration depends on the acidity of the vesicles partly. We here demonstrate that ATP7B confers MDR by facilitating nuclear drug efflux and late endosomal drug sequestration.


Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Dokai M.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Katagiri R.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Arima A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Ooshima Y.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd
Congenital Anomalies | Year: 2013

Japan Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine (JALAM) recommends humane handling of rat fetuses. However, it is a challenge to accept proposed euthanizing methods such as cervical dislocation, decapitation and/or intracardiac injection of potassium chloride, because these methods would damage fetal specimens for skeletal and visceral examinations in developmental toxicity studies. The present study aimed at seeking better methodologies for fetal euthanasia and anesthesia. We were unable to accomplish fetal euthanasia directly, but instead, we could euthanize fetuses under pain-controlled anesthesia. It is recommended that hypothermia by immersion in cold physiological saline is an appropriate method for anesthesia. Moreover, we recommend that the anesthetized fetuses should be euthanized immediately by removal of the vital organs or immersion in appropriate fixatives. © 2012 Japanese Teratology Society.


Inoue A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Inoue A.,Nagoya University | Arima A.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | Kato H.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd | And 4 more authors.
Congenital Anomalies | Year: 2013

Thiamazole, an anti-hyperthyroidism agent, was administered orally to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys at doses of 2.0 and 3.5mg/kg per day from GD 120 to GD 150 to investigate effects on behavioral development of their infants. Swelling of the throat region due to enlargement of the thyroid glands was observed at birth in thiamazole-treated infants, and it returned to normal around postnatal day (PND) 30. At necropsy of infants at 12 months of age, thyroidal weight in the thiamazole groups was increased. This finding suggested the likelihood that administration of thiamazole to maternal animals during the late gestational period induced thyroid goiter in fetal/infant monkeys through placental transfer of thiamazole. No clear changes were noted in thyroid histopathology or serum thyroid hormone levels in maternal animals or infants, but goiter formation might have been indicative of exposure to high thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and low T3 or T4in utero from maternal treatment with thiamazole. Age-related changes were observed in the control in behavioral development tests, while infants at 3.5mg/kg showed no age-related decrease in contact behavior and no increase in exploratory activity on PND 90 or PND 170. In addition, the number of eye contacts between PND 210 and PND 240 was less frequent. This indicated that maternal exposure to thiamazole induced mental retardation-like behaviors in infants. Thiamazole may directly inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis in the fetus by placental transfer. From these results, it was speculated that oral administration of thiamazole to maternal animals during the late gestational period induced retardation of behavioral development in their infants. © 2013 Japanese Teratology Society.


Koyama S.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Koyama S.,SNBL United States | Fukuda K.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | Watanabe S.,Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd. | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Reproduction and Development | Year: 2016

In cynomolgus macaques, an important animal species for biomedical research, efficient reproduction has been hampered partly due to the difficulties of artificial insemination (AI) using straw tubes developed for humans or farm animals, because cynomolgus macaques have a complex cervical canal structure. In this study, taking into consideration the unique structure of the macaque cervical canal, we developed a novel device for AI, comprised of a syringe and an outer cylinder. At 24 and 48 h after using this device to inject semen into one female, viable sperm were observed in the oviduct where the sperm meets the oocytes. We then attempted AI using this new device on 10 females that were at pre-ovulation, and pregnancy was successful in three animals (30% pregnancy rate). These results show that the newly developed device can be used for AI in cynomolgus macaques. © 2016 by the Society for Reproduction and Development.


PubMed | Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories SNBL Ltd.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of reproduction and development | Year: 2016

In cynomolgus macaques, an important animal species for biomedical research, efficient reproduction has been hampered partly due to the difficulties of artificial insemination (AI) using straw tubes developed for humans or farm animals, because cynomolgus macaques have a complex cervical canal structure. In this study, taking into consideration the unique structure of the macaque cervical canal, we developed a novel device for AI, comprised of a syringe and an outer cylinder. At 24 and 48 h after using this device to inject semen into one female, viable sperm were observed in the oviduct where the sperm meets the oocytes. We then attempted AI using this new device on 10 females that were at pre-ovulation, and pregnancy was successful in three animals (30% pregnancy rate). These results show that the newly developed device can be used for AI in cynomolgus macaques.

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