Mohd Omar M.F.,National University of Singapore |
Huang N.,Agenica Research Pte Ltd. |
Huang N.,Shimadzu Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. |
Ou K.,Agenica Research Pte Ltd. |
And 11 more authors.
Acta Histochemica | Year: 2010
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is an essential tool in diagnostic surgical pathology, allowing analysis of protein subcellular localization. The use of IHC by different laboratories has lead to inconsistencies in published literature for several antibodies, due to either interpretative (inter-observer variation) or technical reasons. These disparities have major implications in both clinical and research settings. In this study, we report our experience conducting an IHC optimization of antibodies against five proteins previously identified by proteomic analysis to be breast cancer biomarkers, namely 6PGL (PGLS), CAZ2 (CAPZA2), PA2G4 (EBP1) PSD2 and TKT. Large variations in the immunolocalizations and intensities were observed when manipulating the antigen retrieval method and primary antibody incubation concentration. However, the use of an independent molecular analysis method provided a clear indication in choosing the appropriate biologically and functionally relevant "staining pattern" Without this latter step, each of these contradictory results would have been a priori "technically acceptable" and would have led to different biological and functional interpretations of these proteins and potentially different applications in a routine pathology setting. Thus, we conclude that full validation of immunohistochemical protocols for scientific and clinical use will require the incorporation of biological knowledge of the biomarker and the disease in question. © 2009 Elsevier GmbH.
Ishii T.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah |
Zhaoqi Z.,Shimadzu Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. |
Vairappan C.S.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Molecules | Year: 2010
A new cembrane diterpene, 6-acetoxy-7,8-epoxynephthenol acetate (1) was isolated along with a known compound, epoxynephthenol acetate (2), from the organic extract of a Bornean soft coral Nephthea sp. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and comparison with those previous literature data.
PubMed | Naresuan University, Khon Kaen University, Kyushu University and Shimadzu Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
Type: | Journal: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences | Year: 2016
We describe a novel immunochromatographic method for qualitative and quantitative analyses of bacopaside I, a bioactive constituent in Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst in biological samples. The assay was performed on polyethersulfone membrane using a polyclonal antibody raised against bacopaside I. The finalised method could quantitatively determine bacopaside I in the range of 31.3-1000.0ng and the detection and quantification limits were 1.0 and 31.3ng, respectively. The percentage recoveries of bacopaside I in blood and urine were nearly 100% indicating the accuracy of the extraction. The method was then applied for the determination of this compound in rat serum, urine and feces after an oral dose of 15mg/kg body weight. About 4% of the ingested dose of bacopaside I was detected in rat feces but none was detected in serum and urine which accorded with results from liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The accuracy, selectivity, sensitivity of the method are appropriate for in vivo pharmacokinetic studies.
PubMed | Shimadzu Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental monitoring and assessment | Year: 2013
It is well known that in the analysis of low temperature vaporized metal elements such as cadmium and lead, a high ashing temperature causes a loss of the target atoms at the ashing stage, while low ashing temperature causes incomplete decomposition of organic components in the sample. In order to solve these problems, the effect of oxygen addition on determination of cadmium and lead in blood and foods was studied. Oxygen was introduced into the atmosphere in the graphite furnace at the beginning of ashing stage for 20 seconds at 0.5 l/min. Relation between ashing temperature and sensitivity was examined, and the oxygen addition minimized signal depression by the sample matrix. It can be concluded that the addition of oxygen at the ashing stage not only reduces the background absorption, but also suppress the volatilization of target atoms at the ashing stage by the formation of their oxides.