Shigei Medical Research Institute

Okayama-shi, Japan

Shigei Medical Research Institute

Okayama-shi, Japan
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Zhang J.-J.,Vanderbilt University | Zhang J.-J.,Zhengzhou University | Malekpour M.,Vanderbilt University | Malekpour M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Immunology | Year: 2012

Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults and a significant cause of end-stage renal disease, yet current therapies are nonspecific, toxic, and often ineffective. The development of novel targeted therapies requires a detailed understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms, but progress is hampered by the lack of a robust mouse model of disease. We report that DBA/1 mice as well as congenic FcγRIII -/- and FcRγ -/- mice immunized with a fragment of α3(IV) collagen developed massive albuminuria and nephrotic syndrome, because of subepithelial deposits of mouse IgG and C3 with corresponding basement membrane reaction and podocyte foot process effacement. The clinical presentation and histopathologic findings were characteristic of MN. Although immunized mice produced genuine anti-α3NC1 autoantibodies that bound to kidney and lung basement membranes, neither crescentic glomerulonephritis nor alveolitis ensued, likely because of the predominance of mouse IgG1 over IgG2a and IgG2b autoantibodies. The ablation of activating IgG Fc receptors did not ameliorate injury, implicating subepithelial deposition of immune complexes and consequent complement activation as a major effector pathway. We have thus established an active model of murine MN. This model, leveraged by the availability of genetically engineered mice and mouse-specific reagents, will be instrumental in studying the pathogenesis of MN and evaluating the efficacy of novel experimental therapies. Copyright © 2012 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

Assadian S.,McGill University | El-Assaad W.,McGill University | Wang X.Q.D.,McGill University | Gannon P.O.,University of Montréal | And 7 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2012

Several types of collagen contain cryptic antiangiogenic noncollagenous domains that are released upon proteolysis of extracellular matrix (ECM). Among those is Arresten, a collagen-derived antiangiogenic factor (CDAF) that is processed from α1 collagen IV. However, the conditions under which Arresten is released from collagen IV in vivo or whether the protein functions in tumor suppressor pathways remain unknown. Here, we show that p53 induces the expression of α1 collagen IV and release of Arresten-containing fragments from the ECM. Comparison of the transcriptional activation of COL4A1 with other CDAF-containing genes revealed that COL4A1 is a major antiangiogenic gene induced by p53 in human adenocarinoma cells. p53 directly activated transcription of the COL4A1 gene by binding to an enhancer region 26 kbp downstream of its 3′ end. p53 also stabilized the expression of full-length α1 collagen IV by upregulation of α(II) prolyl-hydroxylase and increased the release of Arresten in the ECM through a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent mechanism. The resulting upregulation of α1 collagen IV and production of Arresten by the tumor cells significantly inhibited angiogenesis and limited tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, we show that immunostaining of Arresten correlated with p53 status in human prostate cancer specimens. Our findings, therefore, link the production of Arresten to the p53 tumor suppressor pathway and show a novel mechanism through which p53 can inhibit angiogenesis. ©2012 AACR.

Kasahara K.,Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute | Goto H.,Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute | Goto H.,Nagoya University | Enomoto M.,Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
EMBO Journal | Year: 2010

14-3-3 proteins control various cellular processes, including cell cycle progression and DNA damage checkpoint. At the DNA damage checkpoint, some subtypes of 14-3-3 (βand ¶ isoforms in mammalian cells and Rad24 in fission yeast) bind to Ser345-phosphorylated Chk1 and promote its nuclear retention. Here, we report that 14-3-3γ 3 forms a complex with Chk1 phosphorylated at Ser296, but not at ATR sites (Ser317 and Ser345). Ser296 phosphorylation is catalysed by Chk1 itself after Chk1 phosphorylation by ATR, and then ATR sites are rapidly dephosphorylated on Ser296-phosphorylated Chk1. Although Ser345 phosphorylation is observed at nuclear DNA damage foci, it occurs more diffusely in the nucleus. The replacement of endogenous Chk1 with Chk1 mutated at Ser296 to Ala induces premature mitotic entry after ultraviolet irradiation, suggesting the importance of Ser296 phosphorylation in the DNA damage response. Although Ser296 phosphorylation induces the only marginal change in Chk1 catalytic activity, 14-3-3γ 3 mediates the interaction between Chk1 and Cdc25A. This ternary complex formation has an essential function in Cdc25A phosphorylation and degradation to block premature mitotic entry after DNA damage. © 2010 European Molecular Biology Organization.

Furuhashi K.,Nagoya University | Tsuboi N.,Nagoya University | Shimizu A.,Nagoya University | Katsuno T.,Nagoya University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2013

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from adipose tissue have immunomodulatory effects, suggesting that they may have therapeutic potential for crescentic GN. Here, we systemically administered adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) in a rat model of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease and found that this treatment protected against renal injury and decreased proteinuria, crescent formation, and infiltration by glomerular leukocytes, including neutrophils, CD8+ T cells, and CD68+ macrophages. Interestingly, ASCs cultured under low-serum conditions (LASCs), but not bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs), increased the number of immunoregulatory CD163+ macrophages in diseased glomeruli. Macrophages cocultured with ASCs, but not with BM-MSCs, adopted an immunoregulatory phenotype. Notably, LASCs polarized macrophages into CD163 + immunoregulatory cells associated with IL-10 production more efficiently than ASCs cultured under high-serum conditions. Pharmaceutical ablation of PGE2 production, blocking the EP4 receptor, or neutralizing IL-6 in the coculture medium all significantly reversed this LASC-induced conversion of macrophages. Furthermore, pretreating LASCs with aspirin or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors impaired the ability of LASCs toameliorate nephritogenic IgG-mediated renal injury. Taken together, these results suggest thatLASCs exert renoprotective effects in anti-GBM GN by promoting the phenotypic conversion of macrophages to immunoregulatory cells, suggesting that LASCtransfermay represent a therapeutic strategy for crescentic GN. Copyright © 2013 by the American Society of Nephrology.

Tamamura R.,Okayama University | Nagatsuka H.,Okayama University | Siar C.H.,University of Malaya | Katase N.,Okayama University | And 3 more authors.
Acta Histochemica | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to compare the expressions of basal lamina (BL) collagen IV α chains and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in oral dysplasia (OED) and invasive carcinoma. Ten cases each of OEDs, carcinomas-in situ and oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) were examined by immunohistochemistry. Another 5 cases, each of normal and hyperplastic oral mucosa, served as controls. Results showed that α1(IV)/α2(IV) and α5(IV)/α6(IV) chains were intact in BLs of control and OEDs. In BLs of carcinoma-in situ, α1(IV)/α2(IV) chains preceded α5(IV)/α6(IV) chains in showing incipient signs of disruption. OSCCs exhibited varying degrees of collagen α(IV) chain degradation. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were absent in controls and OED, but weakly detectable in carcinoma-in situ. In OSCC, these proteolytic enzymes were expressed in areas corresponding to collagen α(IV) chain loss. Enzymatic activity was enhanced in higher grade OSCC, and along the tumor advancing front. Overall the present findings suggest that loss of BL collagen α(IV) chains coincided with gain of expression for MMP-2 and MMP-9, and that these protein alterations are crucial events during progression from OED to OSCC. © 2012 Elsevier GmbH.

Lee S.-Y.,Indiana University | Lee S.-Y.,Eulji University | Horbelt M.,Indiana University | Horbelt M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2011

Microvascular rarefaction following an episode of acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with renal hypoxia and progression toward chronic kidney disease. The mechanisms contributing to microvascular rarefaction are not wellunderstood, although disruption in local angioregulatory substances is thought to contribute. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is an endopeptidase important in modifying the extracellular matrix (ECM) and remodeling the vasculature. We examined the role of MMP-9 gene deletion on microvascular rarefaction in a rodent model of ischemic AKI. MMP-9-null mice and background control (FVB/NJ) mice were subjected to bilateral renal artery clamping for 20 min followed by reperfusion for 14, 28, or 56 days. Serum creatinine level in MMP-9-null mice 24 h after injury [1.4 (SD 0.8) mg/dl] was not significantly different from FVB/NJ mice [1.5 (SD 0.6) mg/dl]. Four weeks after ischemic injury, FVB/NJ mice demonstrated a 30-40% loss of microvascular density compared with sham-operated (SO) mice. In contrast, microvascular density was not significantly different in the MMP-9-null mice at this time following injury compared with SO mice. FVB/NJ mice had a 50% decrease in tissue vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 2 wk after ischemic insult compared with SO mice. A significant difference in VEGF was not observed in MMP-9-null mice compared with SO mice. There was no significant difference in the liberation of angioinhibitory fragments from the ECM between MMP-9-null mice and FVB/NJ mice following ischemic injury. In conclusion, MMP-9 deletion stabilizes microvascular density following ischemic AKI in part by preserving tissue VEGF levels. © 2011 the American Physiological Society.

Esteban-Pretel G.,University of Valencia | Marin M.P.,Research Center Hospital La Fe | Renau-Piqueras J.,Research Center Hospital La Fe | Sado Y.,Shigei Medical Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Vitamin A is essential for lung development and pulmonary cell differentiation. Its deficiency leads to altered lung structure and function and to basement membrane architecture and composition disturbances. Previously, we showed that lack of retinoids thickens the alveolar basement membrane and increases collagen IV, which are reversed by retinoic acid, the main biologically active vitamin A form. This study analyzed how vitamin A deficiency affects the subunit composition of collagen IV and laminin of lung basement membranes and pulmonary matrix metalloproteinase content, plus the recovering effect of all- trans-retinoic acid. Male weanling pups were fed a retinol-adequate/-deficient diet until 60 days old. A subgroup of vitamin-A-deficient pups received daily intraperitoneal all- trans-retinoic acid injections for 10 days. Collagen IV and laminin chain composition were modified in vitamin-A-deficient rats. The protein and mRNA contents of chains α1(IV), α3(IV) and α4(IV) increased; those of chains α2(IV) and α5(IV) remained unchanged; and the protein and mRNA contents of laminin chains α5, β1 and γ1 decreased. The mRNA of laminin chains α2 and α4 also decreased. Matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 decreased, but the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases 1 and 2 did not change. Treating vitamin-A-deficient rats with retinoic acid reversed all alterations, but laminin chains α2, α4 and α5 and matrix metalloproteinase 2 remained low. In conclusion, vitamin A deficiency alters the subunit composition of collagen IV and laminin and the lung's proteolytic potential, which are partly reverted by retinoic acid. These alterations could contribute to impaired lung function and predispose to pulmonary disease. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Hummitzsch K.,University of Adelaide | Irving-Rodgers H.F.,University of Adelaide | Irving-Rodgers H.F.,Queensland University of Technology | Irving-Rodgers H.F.,Griffith University | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Ovarian follicular granulosa cells surround and nurture oocytes, and produce sex steroid hormones. It is believed that during development the ovarian surface epithelial cells penetrate into the ovary and develop into granulosa cells when associating with oogonia to form follicles. Using bovine fetal ovaries (n = 80) we identified a novel cell type, termed GREL for Gonadal Ridge Epithelial-Like. Using 26 markers for GREL and other cells and extracellular matrix we conducted immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy and chronologically tracked all somatic cell types during development. Before 70 days of gestation the gonadal ridge/ovarian primordium is formed by proliferation of GREL cells at the surface epithelium of the mesonephros. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) migrate into the ovarian primordium. After 70 days, stroma from the underlying mesonephros begins to penetrate the primordium, partitioning the developing ovary into irregularly-shaped ovigerous cords composed of GREL cells and PGCs/oogonia. Importantly we identified that the cords are always separated from the stroma by a basal lamina. Around 130 days of gestation the stroma expands laterally below the outermost layers of GREL cells forming a sub-epithelial basal lamina and establishing an epithelial-stromal interface. It is at this stage that a mature surface epithelium develops from the GREL cells on the surface of the ovary primordium. Expansion of the stroma continues to partition the ovigerous cords into smaller groups of cells eventually forming follicles containing an oogonium/oocyte surrounded by GREL cells, which become granulosa cells, all enclosed by a basal lamina. Thus in contrast to the prevailing theory, the ovarian surface epithelial cells do not penetrate into the ovary to form the granulosa cells of follicles, instead ovarian surface epithelial cells and granulosa cells have a common precursor, the GREL cell. © 2013 Hummitzsch et al.

PubMed | University of Oxford, French Institute of Health and Medical Research, University of Paris Descartes and Shigei Medical Research Institute
Type: | Journal: The American journal of pathology | Year: 2017

Collagen IV is a major component of basement membranes (BMs). The 1(IV) chain, encoded by the COL4A1 gene, is expressed ubiquitously and associates with the 2(IV) chain to form the 112(IV) heterotrimer. Several COL4A1 mutations affecting a conformational domain containing integrin-binding sites are responsible for the systemic syndrome of hereditary angiopathy, nephropathy, aneurysms, and cramps (HANAC). To analyze the pathophysiology of HANAC, Col4a1 mutant mice bearing the p.Gly498Val mutation were generated. Analysis of the skeletal muscles of Col4a1

PubMed | Dainippon Sumitomo, Okayama University of Science and Shigei Medical Research Institute
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Although obesity is undoubtedly major risk for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the presence of lean NASH patients with normal body mass index has been recognized. Here, we report that the insufficiency of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT) is a risk for the lean NASH. The Pemt-/- mice fed high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) diet were protected from diet-induced obesity and diabetes, while they demonstrated prominent steatohepatitis and developed multiple liver tumors. Pemt exerted inhibitory effects on p53-driven transcription by forming the complex with clathrin heavy chain and p53, and Pemt-/- mice fed HFHS diet demonstrated prominent apoptosis of hepatocytes. Furthermore, hypermethylation and suppressed mRNA expression of F-box protein 31 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 resulted in the prominent activation of cyclin D1. PEMT mRNA expression in liver tissues of NASH patients was significantly lower than those with simple steatosis and we postulated the distinct clinical entity of lean NASH with insufficiency of PEMT activities.

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