Shigakkan University is a private university in Ōbu, Aichi, Japan. Until the school renamed itself to Shigakkan in 2010, the school was known as Chukyo Women's University. The school was founded in 1905.Despite that the name contained the word "women," the school had accepted male students since 1998. Wikipedia.
Kitagawa A.,Shigakkan University |
Ohta Y.,Aichi University |
Ohashi K.,Health Science University
Journal of Pineal Research | Year: 2012
In this study, we examined whether melatonin improves metabolic syndrome induced by high fructose intake in male Wistar rats. Feeding of a diet containing 60% fructose (HFD) for 4 or 6 wk caused increased serum insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, free fatty acids, uric acid, leptin, and lipid peroxide concentrations as well as hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations, and relative intra-abdominal fat and liver weights. The 4- or 6-wk HFD feeding reduced serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and adiponectin concentrations. The 6-wk HFD feeding increased serum tumor necrosis factor-α concentration and hepatic lipid peroxide concentration and lowered hepatic reduced glutathione concentration. Daily intraperitoneal administration of melatonin (1 or 10 mg/kg body weight), starting at 4-wk HFD feeding, attenuated these changes at 6-wk HFD feeding more effectively at its higher dose than at its lower dose. In an oral glucose tolerance test, rats with 4- or 6-wk HFD feeding showed higher serum insulin response curve and normal serum glucose response curve when compared with the corresponding animals that received the control diet. The 4- or 6-wk HFD feeding caused insulin resistance, judging from the scores of HOMR-IR and QUICKI, which are indices of insulin resistance. The daily administered melatonin (1 or 10 mg/kg body weight) ameliorated the higher serum insulin response curve in the oral glucose tolerance test and insulin resistance at 6-wk HFD feeding more effectively at its higher dose than at its lower dose. These results indicate that melatonin improves metabolic syndrome induced by high fructose intake in rats. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Tomori K.,Kanagawa University of Human Services |
Ohta Y.,Kanagawa University of Human Services |
Nishizawa T.,Shigakkan University |
Tamaki H.,Niigata University of Health and Welfare |
Takekura H.,National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility | Year: 2010
We determine the effects of direct electrical stimulation (ES) on the histological profiles in atrophied skeletal muscle fibers after denervation caused by nerve freezing. Direct ES was performed on the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle after denervation in 7-week-old rats divided into groups as follows: control (CON), denervation (DN), or denervation with direct ES (subdivided into a 4 mA (ES4), an 8 mA (ES8), or a 16 mA stimulus (ES16). The stimulation frequency was set at 10 Hz, and the voltage was set at 40 V (30 min/day, 6 days/week, for 3 weeks). Ultrastructural profiles of the membrane systems involved in excitation-contraction coupling, and four kinds of mRNA expression profiles were evaluated. Morphological disruptions occurred in transverse (t)-tubule networks following denervation: an apparent disruption of the transverse networks, and an increase in the longitudinal t-tubules spanning the gap between the two transverse networks, with the appearance of pentads and heptads. These membrane disruptions seemed to be ameliorated by relatively low intensity ES (4 mA and 8 mA), and the area of longitudinally oriented t-tubules and the number of pentads and heptads decreased significantly (P < 0.01) in ES4 and ES8 compared to the DN. The highest intensity (16 mA) did not improve the disruption of membrane systems. There were no significant differences in the α1sDHPR and RyR1 mRNA expression among CON, DN, and all ES groups. After 3 weeks of denervation all nerve terminals had disappeared from the neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) in the CON and ES16 groups. However, in the ES4 and ES8 groups, modified nerve terminals were seen in the NMJs. The relatively low-intensity ES ameliorates disruption of membrane system architecture in denervated skeletal muscle fibers, but that it is necessary to select the optimal stimulus intensities to preserve the structural integrity of denervated muscle fibers. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Yamagishi K.,FAP Dental Institute |
Onuma K.,FAP Dental Institute |
Chiba Y.,FAP Dental Institute |
Yagi S.,Nagoya University |
And 20 more authors.
Gut | Year: 2012
Background and aims: The mechanisms of cancer cell growth and metastasis are still not entirely understood, especially from the viewpoint of chemical reactions in tumours. Glycolytic metabolism is markedly accelerated in cancer cells, causing the accumulation of glucose (a reducing sugar) and methionine (an amino acid), which can non-enzymatically react and form carcinogenic substances. There is speculation that this reaction produces gaseous sulfur-containing compounds in tumour tissue. The aims of this study were to clarify the products in tumour and to investigate their effect on tumour proliferation. Methods: Products formed in the reaction between glucose and methionine or its metabolites were analysed in vitro using gas chromatography. Flatus samples from patients with colon cancer and exhaled air samples from patients with lung cancer were analysed using near-edge x-ray fine adsorption structure spectroscopy and compared with those from healthy individuals. The tumour proliferation rates of mice into which HT29 human colon cancer cells had been implanted were compared with those of mice in which the cancer cells were surrounded by sodium hyaluronate gel to prevent diffusion of gaseous material into the healthy cells. Results: Gaseous sulfur-containing compounds such as methanethiol and hydrogen sulfide were produced when glucose was allowed to react with methionine or its metabolites homocysteine or cysteine. Near-edge x-ray fine adsorption structure spectroscopy showed that the concentrations of sulfur-containing compounds in the samples of flatus from patients with colon cancer and in the samples of exhaled air from patients with lung cancer were significantly higher than in those from healthy individuals. Animal experiments showed that preventing the diffusion of sulfur-containing compounds had a pronounced antitumour effect. Conclusions: Gaseous sulfur-containing compounds are the main products in tumours and preventing the diffusion of these compounds reduces the tumour proliferation rate, which suggests the possibility of a new approach to cancer treatment.
Kaida S.,Kamagaya General Hospital |
Imai Y.,Health Science University |
Ohashi K.,Health Science University |
Kitagawa A.,Shigakkan University
Cell Biochemistry and Function | Year: 2013
We examined whether water-immersion restraint stress (WIRS) disrupts nonenzymatic antioxidant defense systems through ascorbic acid depletion in the adrenal gland of rats. Rats were exposed to WIRS for 0.5, 1.5, 3 or 6h. WIRS increased serum adrenocorticotropic hormone, corticosterone and glucose concentrations and adrenal corticosterone content at each time point. WIRS increased adrenal lipid peroxide content at 3 and 6h, and the increase was twofold higher than the unstressed level at 6h. WIRS decreased adrenal ascorbic acid content at each time point, and the decrease reached one-third of the unstressed level at 6h. WIRS increased adrenal reduced glutathione content at 0.5 and 6h but reduced that content to half of the unstressed level at 6h. WIRS increased adrenal α-tocopherol content at 1.5h but returned that content to the unstressed level thereafter. When rats with 6h of WIRS was orally preadministered with l-ascorbic acid (250mg/kg), WIRS-induced changes in adrenal lipid peroxide, ascorbic acid and reduced glutathione contents were attenuated without any change in stress response. These results indicate that WIRS disrupts nonenzymatic antioxidant defense systems through rapid and continuous ascorbic acid depletion in the adrenal gland of rats. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Kusunoki M.,Aichi Medical University |
Tsutsumi K.,Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research |
Sato D.,Yamagata University |
Nakamura A.,Tokushima University |
And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2011
Pioglitazone improves insulin resistance in diabetics but often causes body weight gain. The lipoprotein lipase activator NO-1886 has been shown to exert both anti-obesity and anti-insulin-resistance effects. In this study, we investigated the effect of the combined administration of pioglitazone with NO-1886 (pioglitazone + NO-1886) in preventing body weight gain in insulin-resistant, high-fat fed rats. The rats were fed a standard or high-fat diet for 16 weeks. The high-fat fed rats were randomized at week 9 into 4 groups (i.e., control, pioglitazone (30 mg/kg/day), NO-1886 (100 mg/kg/day), and pioglitazone + NO-1886 (30 and 100 mg/kg/day, respectively)). The high-fat fed control rats developed obesity and insulin resistance. After 7 weeks of drug treatment, pioglitazone + NO-1886 was found to prevent the body weight gain caused by pioglitazone alone (pioglitazone + NO-1886: Δ76.0 ± 16.8 g vs. pioglitazone: Δ127.8 ± 39.5 g, P < 0.05) and to increase glucose infusion rate during insulin clamp, compared with the results in the high-fat fed control group. No differences in plasma nonesterified fatty acid, leptin, adiponectin, glucose, or insulin levels were observed between the pioglitazone + NO-1886 and the pioglitazone-alone groups. However, plasma total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels were significantly increased and plasma triglyceride levels were slightly decreased in the pioglitazone + NO-1886 group, compared with the values in the pioglitazone-alone group. In summary, the combined administration of pioglitazone and NO-1886 prevented the pioglitazone-induced body weight gains and ameliorated insulin resistance observed in high-fat fed rats. These results indicate that combined therapy with pioglitazone and NO-1886 may be beneficial for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.