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Shoib S.,Government Medical College | Mushtaq R.,Government Medical College | Jeelani S.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura | Ahmad J.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Objective: To estimate the Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) among adults in field practise areas of Government Medical College, Srinagar, India. Methodology: The present study was cross-sectional in nature and was conducted in field practice areas of Government Medical College Srinagar. Three blocks of field practise areas of Government Medical College, Srinagar comprising of various villages were selected. Further 10 per cent of these villages were selected by the method of randomization sampling and then 10 per cent of household were taken again by systemic random sampling. In the selected household all adult population (18 years and above) were selected and screened by using General health questionnaires(GHQ). The patients who screened positive for PTSD (post-traumatic stress Disorders) were assessed and diagnosed. From the line listing the positive cases, the prevalence rates were calculated. Results: Of the total 3400 subjects (age≥18 years), the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorders among general population was found to be 3.76%. Prevalence was found to be more in females (Chi-square test=2.086, p>0.05 (Insignificant). Most of cases were found to be in the age group 0-40 years. Most of the cases were unmarried, illiterate and belong to lower socioeconomic class. Death of near one comprised the major traumatic event. Acute onset Posttraumatic stress disorder was the commonest type, previous history of psychiatric illness was found in 12 % of patients and drug abuse was present in 22.6%. Conclusion: Our findings clearly indicates that posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) is a prevalent disorder in the developing world, especially in disaster prone regions and in areas of political unrest. Resilience to various traumatic events in Kashmir has developed over the years and this might explains the lower prevalence of Post-traumatic disorder (PTSD) in our study.

Bhat R.A.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura | Laway B.A.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura | Zargar A.H.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2010

Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Kashmir valley of North India. Materials and Methods: The study was done among the attendants who accompanied patients in inpatient and outpatient departments of Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar (Kashmir). A stratified random sampling procedure was adopted for the study. A total of 500 subjects were studied over a period of one year which included 257 men and 243 women. All subjects underwent anthropometric assessment and blood pressure measurements. Fasting blood sample was obtained for blood glucose and lipids. Subjects were screened for the components of metabolic syndrome according to criteria given by adult treatment panel (ATP-III). Analysis and inference were drawn using Student's test, chi-square test, Man Whitney U test, and logistic regression analysis. Results: The mean age of both men and women was 37 years. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.6% (n =43); with males constituting 7.4% (n =19) and females constituting 9.9% (n =24). Though prevalence was more in females, it was insignificant (P =0.323). The prevalence of hypertension in males was 24.9% and in females it was 12.3%. The prevalence of hyperglycemia in males was 9.3% and in females it was 7.4%. 9.7% males and 25.9% females had low HDL-cholesterol. 17% males and 13.2% females had elevated triglyceride levels. Conclusion: Our study showed low prevalence of metabolic syndrome as compared to South and North Indian population.

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