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Jammu, India

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural science and Technology was an Agricultural University in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was established in the year 1982 through an Act passed by the State Legislature.The University was named after Kashmiri leader Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah who is popularly known as Sher-e-Kashmir Initially, the university had jurisdiction over the entire State of Jammu & Kashmir with its headquarters at Shalimar, Srinagar. With the SKUAST Act in force, the agricultural education, research and extension training units were transferred to SKUAST from various development departments viz; Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Sheep Husbandry and Sericulture of Jammu & Kashmir State.In the year 1998-99, the territorial jurisdiction of the University was redefined by amending the SKUAST Act 1982 under which a separate agricultural University was established for Jammu Division and named as Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural science and Technology of Jammu with its territorial jurisdiction extended to the entire Jammu Division. The parent University was renamed as Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural science and Technology of Kashmir Wikipedia.

Bhat Z.F.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology | Bhat H.,University Of Kashmir
International Journal of Dairy Science

Role of food as an agent for improving health has proposed a new class of food, called functional food, with positive effects on host health and/or well-being beyond their nutritional value. Milk and dairy products have been associated with health benefits for many years containing bioactive peptides, probioticbacteria, antioxidants, vitamins, specific proteins, oligosaccharides, organic acids, highly absorbable calcium, conjugated linoleic acid and other biologically active components with an array of bioactivities: modulating digestive and gastrointestinal functions, haemodynamics, controlling probiotic microbial growth and immunoregulation. Consumer's increasing interest for maintaining or improving their health by eating these specific food products has led to the development of many new functional dairy products. These dairy products contain many functional ingredients that decrease the absorption of cholesterol, can significantly reduce blood pressure, play role in the regulation of satiety, food intake and obesity-related metabolic disorders and may exert antimicrobial effects. This paper reviews and discusses some of the latest findings regarding the role of milk and dairy products as functional foods. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Koch H.,ETH Zurich | Koch H.,Yale University | Abrol D.P.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology | Li J.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Schmid-Hempel P.,ETH Zurich
Molecular Ecology

The animal gut is a habitat for diverse communities of microorganisms (microbiota). Honeybees and bumblebees have recently been shown to harbour a distinct and species poor microbiota, which may confer protection against parasites. Here, we investigate diversity, host specificity and transmission mode of two of the most common, yet poorly known, gut bacteria of honeybees and bumblebees: Snodgrassella alvi (Betaproteobacteria) and Gilliamella apicola (Gammaproteobacteria). We analysed 16S rRNA gene sequences of these bacteria from diverse bee host species across most of the honeybee and bumblebee phylogenetic diversity from North America, Europe and Asia. These focal bacteria were present in 92% of bumblebee species and all honeybee species but were found to be absent in the two related corbiculate bee tribes, the stingless bees (Meliponini) and orchid bees (Euglossini). Both Snodgrassella alvi and Gilliamella apicola phylogenies show significant topological congruence with the phylogeny of their bee hosts, albeit with a considerable degree of putative host switches. Furthermore, we found that phylogenetic distances between Gilliamella apicola samples correlated with the geographical distance between sampling locations. This tentatively suggests that the environmental transmission rate, as set by geographical distance, affects the distribution of G. apicola infections. We show experimentally that both bacterial taxa can be vertically transmitted from the mother colony to daughter queens, and social contact with nest mates after emergence from the pupa greatly facilitates this transmission. Therefore, sociality may play an important role in vertical transmission and opens up the potential for co-evolution or at least a close association of gut bacteria with their hosts. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Peshin R.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Agronomy for Sustainable Development

The huge research efforts to develop integrated pest management (IPM) have failed to reduce pesticide use and to foster IPM adoption by farmers. Indeed, despite five decades since the concept of integrated control and threshold theory was developed, and four decades since IPM programs have been implemented in USA, Asia, Latin America, Australia, and India, the widespread use of complex IPM practices has not been adopted. This failure can be explained by IPM complexity, policy restrictions, and counteracting forces of the pesticide industry. This article is a study of drivers that rule the adoption or rejection of IPM by 150 farmers from the Indian state of Punjab. Cotton was cultivated under an insecticide resistance management-based IPM program. This program was implemented in Punjab from 2002 to 2007. A rating scale was developed to measure farmers' perceived attitudes. An adoptability index was developed. Results show that farmers exhibited very different adoption attitudes. Specifically, farmers adopted widely practices that have no complexity, higher economic advantage, and observability. IPM practices with adoptability indices higher than 0.60 have been widely adopted. The predicted adoptability and effective actual adoption of IPM practices were well correlated with a correlation coefficient of 0.88. Technological attributes complexity and relative economic advantage induced a variation of 99 % in the adoptability. Overall the findings show that relative economic advantage, benefit visibility, compatibility with past experiences, and complexity are the most effective drivers in predicting adoption or rejection. Whereas, unexpectedly, socio-personal and economic factors used by most scientists are relatively insignificant. The new methodological frame can be applied to predict the adoption of agricultural innovations. © 2013 INRA and Springer-Verlag France. Source

Sharma V.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology

In vitro assay for cytotoxic activity of glands/hairs obtained from the fruits of Mallotus philippinensis has been carried out against 14 human cancer cell lines from nine different origins via 95% ethanolic, 50% ethanolic and aqueous extract at the concentration of 100 μg/ml. Results revealed that the 95% ethanolic extract showed highest in vitro cytotoxic effect against all the 14 human cancer cell lines. The fractions of the same extract i. e. 95% ethanolic were obtained and it was found that the significant cytotoxic potential was produced by the chloroform soluble fraction at 100 μg/ml as this fraction inhibited the growth of ten human cancer cell lines from seven different tissues. Further, the chromatographic analysis of the said fraction afforded a polyphenolic molecule rottlerin. This drug at the concentration of 1 × 10-5M and 1 × 10-4M suppressed the proliferation of eight human cancer cell lines from six different tissues and proved its exceptionally remarkable in vitro anticancer efficiency. © 2011 Society for Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Source

Garg N.K.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | Dadhich S.M.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Agricultural Water Management

Yield response factors of a given crop can be determined following the FAO approach (Doorenbos and Kassam, 1979. Yield response to water. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper no. 33. Rome, Italy, pp. 1-40) either by applying deficit irrigation throughout the whole growing period, or at one stage of the crop growth while maintaining full irrigation at the other stages. In this study, an inverse formulation methodology is proposed to determine the stage wise yield response factors (modified kyi values) for eight crops in the Lower Indus Basin. The proposed inverse formulation was based on the multiplicative (Jensen, 1968. Water consumption by agricultural plants. Chapter 1. In: T.T. Kozlowski (Ed.) Water Deficits and Plant Growth Vol. II (pp 1-22). Academic Press, New York) and additive (Stewart et al., 1977. Determination and utilization of water production functions for principal California crops. W-67 California Contributory Project, University of California) approaches to determine yield response factors. To illustrate the applicability of the proposed inverse formulation, the widely used seasonal ky values of FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No 33 (Doorenbos and Kassam, 1979. Yield response to water. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper no. 33. Rome, Italy, pp. 1-40) were used to generate a data set of yields and evapotranspirations for the crops under study after applying theoretical levels of deficit irrigation at different growth stages using climatic and soil data of the Lower Indus Basin. This data set was then used to estimate the modified kyi values separately for the additive and the multiplicative approaches from the inverse formulations. Modified kyi values were found to be different for additive and multiplicative approaches but there was a good agreement between the relative yield reductions using modified kyi values and seasonal ky values. However, there was a complete mismatch between relative yield reductions using FAO 33 stage wise kyi values and using FAO 33 seasonal ky values. Modified kyi values, based on the proposed inverse formulation, may be more representative by taking into account the effects of deficit irrigation on crop production. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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