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Zhu Y.-C.,Zhongshan Urology Hospital | Zhu Y.-C.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital | Zhu Y.-C.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Institute for Reproduction and Genetics | Wu T.-H.,Zhongshan Urology Hospital | And 19 more authors.
Zygote | Year: 2015

This study aimed to explore whether the presence of a Y chromosome azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletion confers any adverse effect on embryonic development and clinical outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Fifty-seven patients with AZF microdeletion were included in the present study and 114 oligozoospermia and azoospermia patients without AZF microdeletion were recruited as controls. Both AZF and control groups were further divided into subgroups based upon the methods of semen collection: the AZF-testicular sperm extraction subgroup (AZF-TESE, n = 14), the AZF-ejaculation subgroup (AZF-EJA, n = 43), the control-TESE subgroup (n = 28) and the control-EJA subgroup (n = 86). Clinical data were analyzed in the two groups and four subgroups respectively. A retrospective case-control study was performed. A significantly lower fertilization rate (69.27 versus 75.70%, P = 0.000) and cleavage rate (89.55 versus 94.39%, P = 0.000) was found in AZF group compared with the control group. Furthermore, in AZF-TESE subgroup, the fertilization rate (67.54 versus 74.25%, P = 0.037) and cleavage rate (88.96 versus 94.79%, P = 0.022) were significantly lower than in the control-TESE subgroup; similarly, the fertilization rate (69.85 versus 75.85%, P = 0.004) and cleavage rate (89.36 versus 94.26%, P = 0.002) in AZF-EJA subgroup were significantly lower than in the control-EJA subgroup; however, the fertilization rate and cleavage rate in AZF-TESE (control-TESE) subgroup was similar to that in the AZF-EJA (control-EJA) subgroup. The other clinical outcomes were comparable between four subgroups (P > 0.05). Therefore, sperm from patients with AZF microdeletion, obtained either by ejaculation or TESE, may have lower fertilization and cleavage rates, but seem to have comparable clinical outcomes to those from patients without AZF microdeletion. © 2014 Cambridge University Press.

Zhu Y.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital | Zhu Y.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Institute for Reproduction and Genetics | Wu T.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital | Wu T.,Shenzhen Zhongshan Institute for Reproduction and Genetics | And 12 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2015

Azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletion plays a key role in the genetic etiology of male infertility. The relationship between sY152 deletion in the AZFc region and clinical outcomes is still unclear. This study was to determine the effects of sY152 deletion on the sperm parameters and clinical outcomes of non-obstructive azoospermia or oligozoospermia men after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. A total of 61 infertile men with AZFc microdeletion of the Y chromosome from January 2008 to December 2012 were recruited in the present study. They were divided into two groups, the sY152 group (n = 12) and the AZFc group (n = 49), based upon whether they have deleted single sY152 marker or all AZFc markers. Fifty azoospermia or oligozoospermia patients without Y chromosome microdeletion were included as the control group. The sperm quality and clinical data were compared among the three groups. Retrospective cohort-control study was performed. The sperm concentration and motility in sY152 group were better than AZFc group (P< 0.05), and were comparable to the control group (P> 0.05); the morphology, seminal zinc, seminal fructose and seminal carnitine were similar among the three groups (P> 0.05). Patients in both sY152 and AZFc groups had lower fertilization rates (68.40% and 70.63%, respectively) than those in the control group (74.91%), and the differences were statistically significant (P< 0.05). No significant differences were found in terms of MII oocyte, high-grade embryo rate, 2PN zygote, number of available embryos and transferred embryos, clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, miscarriage rate, multiple pregnancy rate, delivery rate, preterm rate and the male/female ratio among the three groups (P> 0.05). Single sY152 deletion might cause a lower fertilization rate, but no adverse effects on sperm quality and clinical outcomes were found. Our study may provide more information for consultation in these patients. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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