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Yang L.,University of Jinan | Kong J.,University of Jinan | Tao W.,University of Jinan | Song Y.,University of Jinan | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2013

Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is an uncommon and potentially fatal complication of lobectomy or pneumonectomy, particularly in tuberculosis patients. It is associated with high mortality and its treatment remains a challenge. The development of plugging technology has led to the emergence of less invasive endobronchial methods for treating BPF. We describe the successful treatment of a multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patient with BPF using an occlusion device originally designed for transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect. Follow-up over 10 months revealed maintenance of the repair without any recurrence. This novel technique can be effective for treating a tuberculosis patient with postoperative BPF. © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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