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Li W.,Southern Medical University | Zhang M.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases | Xu L.,Southern Medical University | Lin D.,Southern Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology | Year: 2013

Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin) is one of the most active antitumor agents used in human chemotherapy of non-small cell lung cancer. Cisplatin forms crosslinked DNA adducts and its cytotoxicity has been shown to be mediated by propagation of DNA damage recognition signals to downstream pathways prompting apoptosis. The steps involved in the process include changes in Ca2+ signaling with dysregulated tumor cell turn-over. Stromal interaction molecules 1 (STIM1), as one of the most potent tumor suppressor genes, are identified as the endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor controlling store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in non-excitable cells, which is main pathway to extracellular Ca2+ influx. Its role in STIM1 cisplatin-induced apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer was the focus of study with focus on SOCE inhibitors 2-APB- and SKF96365-cisplatin-induced apoptosis in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines A549 and H460. In this experimental model, cisplatin-induced apoptosis and decreased concentration of intracellular Ca2+ was demonstrated. The expression of STIM1 was significantly higher in carcinoma tissue than in the adjacent non-neoplastic lung tissue. These findings support the conclusion that STIM1 may play an important role in the development of NSCLC which makes drugs that repress the expression of STIM1 to be a potential target for lung cancer therapy. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. Source


Liu L.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2013

To investigate and analyze the social support for inpatients with occupational diseases and to provide reference and basis for relevant medical and nursing interventions. The social support rating scale (SSRS) was used to investigate the social support for 95 inpatients with occupational diseases. The total SSRS score of these patients was significantly lower than the national norm (32.5±9.31 vs 34.56±3.73, P < 0.05). The social support was mainly from the family, but medical staff and spiritual support were the main source and type of social support that are expected. Patients with occupational diseases have gained little social support, in both economic and spiritual aspects. In clinical practice, the patient's demand for knowledge of diseases and spiritual needs should be satisfied, and appropriate social support should be provided. Source


Zhang W.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2012

To establish a solvent desorption Gas chromatographic method for detecting the isoflurane in air of workplaces. This method is based on "Standardization of methods for determination of toxic substances in workplace air". This method presents the linear relation with the minimum detectable limit 1.0 μg/ml and the minimum detectable concentration 0.07 mg/m(3). The precision (RSD) was 0.5% ∼ 5.0%, the mean dsorption efficiencies were 96.7% ∼ 98.9%, the absorption efficiencies were 92.1% ∼ 100%, the breakthrough volume was 3.7 mg isoflurane/100 mg active carbon. Other volatile organic solvents (Sevoflurane, Enflurane and Ethyl Alcohol) did not interfere the detection. The sample could be stored in the active carbon tube at least for 10 days. This method is meet the requirement of GBZ/T 210.4-2008 "Guide for establishing occupational health standards-Part4: Determination methods of air chemicals in workplace" and is feasible for determining the isoflurane in the air of workplaces. Source


Zhang M.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases | Zhang M.,Jilin University | Zhang H.,Jilin University | Li Y.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2013

Helicobacter hepaticus and Helicobacter pylori both belong to Helicobacter species. Strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus, including L4 and L6, have shown significant inhibitory effects on H. pylori. Based on this phenomenon, we aim to investigate the inhibitory effect of L. acidophilus on H. hepaticus. Both standard and isolated H. hepaticus strains were grown under microaerophilic conditions at 37 °C in the presence of L. acidophilus supernatant, or lactic acid. The diameters of the inhibition zones were measured on the solid culture media. In liquid culture, the cell concentrations were measured and the urease activity was determined by phenol red staining. Sixteen strains of L. acidophilus isolated from human feces (named as L1-L16) showed anti-H. hepaticus effects. Two of them (L4 and L6) exhibited the most apparent effects on H. hepaticus inhibition. The L. acidophilus supernatant of L4 and L6 significantly increased the diameters of the inhibition zones compared with that of the lactic acid control (P < 0.05). The inhibitory role of L. acidophilus supernatant was independent of the pH value of solution (P > 0.05). Moreover, in liquid culture, L. acidophilus supernatant significantly reduced the cell growth rate and the urease activity of H. hepaticus cells in a time-dependent pattern (P < 0.05 compared with lactic acid control). No obvious difference was observed between the standard and isolated strain of H. hepaticus (P > 0.05). Our results indicate that L. acidophilus can decrease the viability and urease activity of H. hepaticus in vitro and this inhibition is independent of pH levels. This provides evidence for developing novel approaches for the prevention and treatment of H. hepaticus infection. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source


Situ J.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2012

To study the sympathetic skin response (SSR) to the effects of N-hexane on autonomic nerves function in patients with chronic N-hexane poisoning. The subjects in present study included 30 controls and 37 cases with chronic N-hexane poisoning. Also 37 patients were divided into 3 subgroups (mild, moderate and severe poisoning) according to diagnostic criteria of occupational diseases. All subjects were examined by SSR test and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test. All patients were reexamined by SSR and NCV every 1 ∼ 2 months. The differences in SSR parameters (latency, amplitude) among groups were observed. In the severe poisoning subgroup, the changes of SSR and NCV parameters (conduction velocity, amplitude) in different poisoning stages were observed. There were significant differences in SSR latency of upper extremity among groups and the significant differences in SSR amplitude of upper and lower extremity among groups (P < 0.05). No significant differences in SSR parameters were found between the adjacent groups (P > 0.05). There were significant differences in SSR latency of upper extremity during different periods and the significant differences in SSR amplitude of upper and lower extremity during different periods among all groups (P < 0.05). The change of SSR parameters consistent with that in NCV. The longest SSR latency of upper extremity and the smallest SSR amplitudes of upper and lower extremity appears 1 - 2 months earlier than that of the smallest action potential amplitude. The damage of autonomic nerves induced by N-hexane increased with poisoning progresses. The damage of autonomic nerves corresponded with the damage of myelin sheath of large myelinated nerves, but which appeared 1 - 2 months earlier than the damage of axon of large myelinated nerves. SSR test may serve as a method to detect the damage of autonomic nerves function in patients with chronic N-hexane poisoning. Source

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