Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases

Shenzhen, China

Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases

Shenzhen, China

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Lin Q.,University of Rhode Island | Aihara A.,Brown University | Chung W.,Brown University | Li Y.,University of Rhode Island | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2014

Liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH1), directs the development and differentiation of embryonic pancreas, and is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer (PC). We hypothesized that LRH1 promotes PC growth. Cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in nude mice were compared between empty vector-transfected (control) and stable LRH1-overexpressed PC cell lines. The subsequent tumor burden, vasculature development, and histologic features were evaluated. LRH1 overexpression enhanced the expression of downstream target genes (cyclin D1/E1) and stimulated cell proliferation in PC cell lines. LRH1 upregulated cyclin E1 truncated T1/T2 isoforms expression which may occur through ERα-calpain1 signaling. Compared with the control, LRH1 overexpressing stable cells generated tumors with increased weight, proliferation index and enhanced angiogenesis. Cyclin D1/E1 and calpain1 were overexpressed in human PC tumors compared to adjacent normal pancreas. These observations demonstrate that LRH1 promotes PC growth and angiogenesis, suggesting that LRH1 is a driving factor in tumorigenesis and may serve as a potential therapeutic target. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | Shangqiu Medical College, Henan University, Zhengzhou University, Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases and Nanjing Southeast University
Type: | Journal: Chemosphere | Year: 2016

This work is devoted to the applications of the multiple linear regression (MLR), multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP NN) and projection pursuit regression (PPR) to quantitative structure-property relationship analysis of bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of pesticides tested on Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). Molecular descriptors of a total of 107 pesticides were calculated with the DRAGON Software and selected by inverse enhanced replacement method. Based on the selected DRAGON descriptors, a linear model was built by MLR, nonlinear models were developed using MLP NN and PPR. The robustness of the obtained models was assessed by cross-validation and external validation using test set. Outliers were also examined and deleted to improve predictive power. Comparative results revealed that PPR achieved the most accurate predictions. This study offers useful models and information for BCF prediction, risk assessment, and pesticide formulation.


PubMed | Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases, Wuhan University and University of Waterloo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health | Year: 2016

Incorporating the information of hypertension, this paper applies Bayesian multi-disease analysis to model the spatial patterns of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) risks. Patterns of harmful alcohol intake (HAI) and overweight/obesity are also modelled as they are common risk factors contributing to both IHD and hypertension. The hospitalization data of IHD and hypertension in 2012 were analyzed with three Bayesian multi-disease models at the sub-district level of Shenzhen. Results revealed that the IHD high-risk cluster shifted slightly north-eastward compared with the IHD Standardized Hospitalization Ratio (SHR). Spatial variations of overweight/obesity and HAI were found to contribute most to the IHD patterns. Identified patterns of IHD risk would benefit IHD integrated prevention. Spatial patterns of overweight/obesity and HAI could supplement the current disease surveillance system by providing information about small-area level risk factors, and thus benefit integrated prevention of related chronic diseases. Middle southern Shenzhen, where high risk of IHD, overweight/obesity, and HAI are present, should be prioritized for interventions, including alcohol control, innovative healthy diet toolkit distribution, insurance system revision, and community-based chronic disease intervention. Related health resource planning is also suggested to focus on these areas first.


Li W.,Southern Medical University | Zhang M.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases | Xu L.,Southern Medical University | Lin D.,Southern Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology | Year: 2013

Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin) is one of the most active antitumor agents used in human chemotherapy of non-small cell lung cancer. Cisplatin forms crosslinked DNA adducts and its cytotoxicity has been shown to be mediated by propagation of DNA damage recognition signals to downstream pathways prompting apoptosis. The steps involved in the process include changes in Ca2+ signaling with dysregulated tumor cell turn-over. Stromal interaction molecules 1 (STIM1), as one of the most potent tumor suppressor genes, are identified as the endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor controlling store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in non-excitable cells, which is main pathway to extracellular Ca2+ influx. Its role in STIM1 cisplatin-induced apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer was the focus of study with focus on SOCE inhibitors 2-APB- and SKF96365-cisplatin-induced apoptosis in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines A549 and H460. In this experimental model, cisplatin-induced apoptosis and decreased concentration of intracellular Ca2+ was demonstrated. The expression of STIM1 was significantly higher in carcinoma tissue than in the adjacent non-neoplastic lung tissue. These findings support the conclusion that STIM1 may play an important role in the development of NSCLC which makes drugs that repress the expression of STIM1 to be a potential target for lung cancer therapy. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.


Wang F.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Zhang L.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases | Zhang Y.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases | Zhang B.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 10 more authors.
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2014

This study aims to quantitatively summarize the association between night shift work and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), with special reference to the dose-response relationship with years of night shift work. We systematically searched all observational studies published in English on PubMed and Embase from 1971 to 2013. We extracted effect measures (relative risk, RR; or odd ratio, OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) from individual studies to generate pooled results using meta-analysis approach. Pooled RR was calculated using random- or fixed-effect model. Downs and Black scale was applied to assess the methodological quality of included studies. A total of 13 studies were included. The pooled RR for the association between 'ever exposed to night shift work' and MetS risk was 1.57 (95% CI=1.24-1.98, pheterogeneity=0.001), while a higher risk was indicated in workers with longer exposure to night shifts (RR=1.77, 95% CI=1.32-2.36, pheterogeneity=0.936). Further stratification analysis demonstrated a higher pooled effect of 1.84 (95% CI=1.45-2.34) for studies using the NCEP-ATPIII criteria, among female workers (RR=1.61, 95% CI=1.10-2.34) and the countries other than Asia (RR=1.65, 95% CI=1.39-1.95). Sensitivity analysis confirmed the robustness of the results. No evidence of publication bias was detected. The present meta-analysis suggested that night shift work is significantly associated with the risk of MetS, and a positive dose-response relationship with duration of exposure was indicated. © 2014 World Obesity.


Zhang W.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2012

To establish a solvent desorption Gas chromatographic method for detecting the isoflurane in air of workplaces. This method is based on "Standardization of methods for determination of toxic substances in workplace air". This method presents the linear relation with the minimum detectable limit 1.0 μg/ml and the minimum detectable concentration 0.07 mg/m(3). The precision (RSD) was 0.5% ∼ 5.0%, the mean dsorption efficiencies were 96.7% ∼ 98.9%, the absorption efficiencies were 92.1% ∼ 100%, the breakthrough volume was 3.7 mg isoflurane/100 mg active carbon. Other volatile organic solvents (Sevoflurane, Enflurane and Ethyl Alcohol) did not interfere the detection. The sample could be stored in the active carbon tube at least for 10 days. This method is meet the requirement of GBZ/T 210.4-2008 "Guide for establishing occupational health standards-Part4: Determination methods of air chemicals in workplace" and is feasible for determining the isoflurane in the air of workplaces.


Liu L.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2013

To investigate and analyze the social support for inpatients with occupational diseases and to provide reference and basis for relevant medical and nursing interventions. The social support rating scale (SSRS) was used to investigate the social support for 95 inpatients with occupational diseases. The total SSRS score of these patients was significantly lower than the national norm (32.5±9.31 vs 34.56±3.73, P < 0.05). The social support was mainly from the family, but medical staff and spiritual support were the main source and type of social support that are expected. Patients with occupational diseases have gained little social support, in both economic and spiritual aspects. In clinical practice, the patient's demand for knowledge of diseases and spiritual needs should be satisfied, and appropriate social support should be provided.


Situ J.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2012

To study the sympathetic skin response (SSR) to the effects of N-hexane on autonomic nerves function in patients with chronic N-hexane poisoning. The subjects in present study included 30 controls and 37 cases with chronic N-hexane poisoning. Also 37 patients were divided into 3 subgroups (mild, moderate and severe poisoning) according to diagnostic criteria of occupational diseases. All subjects were examined by SSR test and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test. All patients were reexamined by SSR and NCV every 1 ∼ 2 months. The differences in SSR parameters (latency, amplitude) among groups were observed. In the severe poisoning subgroup, the changes of SSR and NCV parameters (conduction velocity, amplitude) in different poisoning stages were observed. There were significant differences in SSR latency of upper extremity among groups and the significant differences in SSR amplitude of upper and lower extremity among groups (P < 0.05). No significant differences in SSR parameters were found between the adjacent groups (P > 0.05). There were significant differences in SSR latency of upper extremity during different periods and the significant differences in SSR amplitude of upper and lower extremity during different periods among all groups (P < 0.05). The change of SSR parameters consistent with that in NCV. The longest SSR latency of upper extremity and the smallest SSR amplitudes of upper and lower extremity appears 1 - 2 months earlier than that of the smallest action potential amplitude. The damage of autonomic nerves induced by N-hexane increased with poisoning progresses. The damage of autonomic nerves corresponded with the damage of myelin sheath of large myelinated nerves, but which appeared 1 - 2 months earlier than the damage of axon of large myelinated nerves. SSR test may serve as a method to detect the damage of autonomic nerves function in patients with chronic N-hexane poisoning.


Li T.D.,Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment center for Occupational Diseases
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2011

To establish a gas chromatographic method for determination of halogenated alkanes and aromatic hydrocarbons including trichloromethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene in the air of workplace. After the air samples collected with activated carbon tubes and desorbed with CS(2), the target toxicants were separated with FFAP capillary columns and detected with flame ionization detector. The coefficient of correlation was above 0.999 and the lowest detectable concentrations were 0.2 ∼ 3.6 mg/m(3) with the RSD of 1.2% ∼ 4.6%. The desorption efficiencies was 94.9% ∼ 100.7%. The method shows lower detection limit, high accuracy and precision. It is feasible for determination of the seven halogenated alkanes and aromatic hydrocarbons in the air of workplace.


PubMed | Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment center for Occupational Diseases
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2016

To establish the method of capillary column gas chromatography for determination of ethylene glycol in workplace air.Ethylene glycol in workplace air was collected with silicone tube, desorbed with methanol, separated with FFAP (nitroterephthalic acid-modified polyethylene glycol)capillary column, and measured with flame ionization detector.The detection limit of ethylene glycol was 0.41 mg/L, the lower limit of quantification was 1.4 mg/L, the range of measurement was 1.4~163.9 mg/L, and the minimum detectable concentration was 0.3 mg/m3 (1.5 L of air was collected as the sample). This method had a good repeatability, the relative standard deviation was 1.4%~5.2%, the average desorption efficiency was 94.4%~101.7%, and the sampling efficiency was 99.2%~100%. The penetrating capacity of 200 mg silicone was higher than 6.9 mg, and the samples could be preserved for 14 days at room temperature.The method has a low detection limit, high accuracy, and good precision, which is feasible for determination of ethylene glycol in workplace air.

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