Shenzhen Nongke Group Co.

Shenzhen, China

Shenzhen Nongke Group Co.

Shenzhen, China
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Zhou M.-L.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhou M.-L.,Leiden University | Ma J.-T.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Pang J.-F.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 4 more authors.
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Plant growth and productivity are greatly affected by environmental stresses such as dehydration, high salinity, low temperature and biotic pathogen infection. Plant adaptation to these environmental stresses is controlled by cascades of molecular networks. The dehydration responsive element binding (DREB) transcription factors, which specifically interact with C-repeat/DRE (A/GCCGAC), play an important role in plant environmental stress tolerance by controlling the expression of many stress related genes. This review specifically focused on the structure characteristics of DREB proteins and their roles in regulating abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants. The DREB proteins are also involved in phytohormones signaling pathway such as abscisic acid, salicylic acid, jasmonate acid, ethylene and gibberellic acid. In addition, this review summarized the progress of the genetic engineering of DREB transcription factors in the main crops and model plants. © 2010 Academic Journals.


Zhao S.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhao S.,Southwest University of Science and Technology | Luo Y.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhang Z.,Shenzhen Nongke Group CO. | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2014

Zea mays is an economically important crop, but its molecular mechanism of flowering remains largely uncharacterized. The gene, SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1), integrates multiple flowering signals to regulate floral transition in Arabidopsis. In this study, ZmSOC1 was isolated from Zea mays. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the ZmSOC1 protein contained a highly conserved MADS domain and a typical SOC1 motif. ZmSOC1 protein was localized in the nucleus in protoplasts and showed no transcriptional activation activity in yeast cells. ZmSOC1 was highly expressed in maize reproductive organs, including filaments, ear and endosperm, but expression was very low in embryos; on the other hand, the abiotic stresses could repress ZmSOC1 expression. Overexpression of ZmSOC1 resulted in early flowering in Arabidopsis through increasing the expression of AtLFY and AtAP1. Overall, these results suggest that ZmSOC1 is a flowering promoter in Arabidopsis. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Luan M.,Southwest University of Science and Technology | Luan M.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Xu M.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Lu Y.,Shenzhen Nongke Group Co. | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Previous studies have identified miR169/NF-YA modules are important regulators of plant development and stress responses. Currently, reported genome sequence data offers an opportunity for global characterization of miR169 and NF-YA genes, which may provide insights into the molecular mechanisms of the miR169/NF-YA modules in maize. In our study, fourteen NF-YA transcription factors with conserved domains were identified based on maize genome loci. The miR169 gene family has 18 members that generate 10 mature products, and 8 of these mature miR169 members could target 7 of 14 ZmNF-YA genes in maize. The seven ZmNF-YA proteins were localized to the nucleus while lacked transcriptional activity. We investigated the expression patterns of the zma-miR169 members and their targeted ZmNF-YA genes in maize roots treated by drought stress (polyethylene glycol, PEG), hormone stress (abscisic acid, ABA), and salt stress (NaCl). The zma-miR169 family members were downregulated in short term (0-48 h) and generally upregulated over the long term (15 days) in response to the three abiotic stress conditions. Most of the targeted ZmNF-YA genes exhibited a reverse correlation with zma-miR169 gene expression over both the short term and long term. Maize root elongation was promoted by PEG and ABA but repressed by NaCl over the long term. Apparently, ZmNF-YA14 expression perfectly matched the zma-miR169 expression and corresponded to root growth reversely. © 2014 Luan et al.


Xu M.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Lu Y.,Shenzhen Nongke Group CO. | Yang H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Yang H.,Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural science | And 10 more authors.
Plant Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

Transcription factors that act as positive regulators of gibberellin (GA) biosynthetic genes in plants are not well understood. A nuclear-localized basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ZmGRF, was isolated from maize. The core DNA sequence motif recognized for binding by ZmGRF was CCANNTGGC. ZmGRF overexpression in transgenic Arabidopsis plants promoted flowering, stem elongation, and cell expansion. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that ZmGRF bound directly to the cis-element CCANNTGGC in the promoter of the Arabidopsisent-kaurene oxidase (AtKO1) gene and promoted AtKO1 expression. GA4 content increased by 372–567 % in transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing ZmGRF compared to wild-type control plants. The GIBBERELLIN-INSENSITIVE DWARF1 gene, which encodes a GA receptor, was also upregulated and the growth-repressing DELLA protein gene GA INSENSITIVE was downregulated. Our results showed ZmGRF functioned through the GA-signaling pathway. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Yan C.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Zhang Q.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Xue S.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Sun Z.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering | Year: 2016

In this study, a novel thin-film flat plate photobioreactor (FPPBR) mounted with baffles and a 61.2 m2 (2,000 L) photobioreactor system based on the FPPBR were developed. The flow of the fluid in the thinfilm photobioreactor was investigated by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The cultivation of Chlorella sp. and Scenedesmus dimorphus in the thin-film FPPBR was carried out outdoors. The results showed that the flow of culture medium in different channels was uniform. In outdoor cultivation, the biomass productivity in the FPPBR with baffles was 25.2% higher than that in the FPPBR without baffles. In the pilot-scale FPPBR system, the maximum area productivity of Scenedesmus dimorphus reached 21.9 g/m2/day. When the service time of the photobioreactor was 1 and 3 years, the capital cost of the photobioreactor was 4.72 and 2.45 $ kgalgae, respectively. The results demonstrated that the thin-film FPPBR was cost effective, and it has the potential to be used for mass cultivation of microalgae. © 2016, The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Wang H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhang Z.,Shenzhen Nongke Group CO. | Zhang L.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhang Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2015

The process of single-strand annealing (SSA) repairs DNA double-strand breaks that are flanked by direct repeat sequences through the coordinated actions of a series of proteins implicated in recombination, mismatch repair and nucleotide excision repair (NER). Many of the molecular and mechanistic insights gained in SSA repair have principally come from studies in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, there is little molecular understanding of the SSA pathway in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. To further our understanding of this important process, we established a new chromosome-based SSA assay in fission yeast. Our genetic analyses showed that, although many homologous components participate in SSA repair in these species indicating that some evolutionary conservation, Saw1 and Slx4 are not principal agents in the SSA repair pathway in fission yeast. This is in marked contrast to the function of Saw1 and Slx4 in budding yeast. Additionally, a novel genus-specific protein, Rsf1/Pxd1, physically interacts with Rad16, Swi10 and Saw1 in vitro and in vivo. We find that Rsf1/Pxd1 is not required for NER and demonstrate that, in fission yeast, Rsf1/Pxd1, but not Saw1, plays a critical role in SSA recombination. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Luan M.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Xu M.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Lu Y.,Shenzhen Nongke Group Co. | Zhang L.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2015

The miR169 miRNA family is highly conserved in plants. Its members regulate the expression of genes encoding the universal transcription factor subunit NUCLEAR FACTOR-Y subunit A (NF-YA) via transcript cleavage. NF-YA regulates gene expression by binding the CCAAT box sequence in target promoters. The miR169/NF-YA module plays a critical role during plant development and in plant responses to abiotic stress. We characterized the secondary structures of maize pre-miR169 miRNAs and predicted their potential gene targets. Coexpression of zma-miR169 and ZmNF-YA in Nicotiana benthamiana demonstrated that mutations in or deletion of target sites abolished regulation by zma-miR169. Maize seedlings were subjected to short-term (0-48. h) and long-term (15. days) drought, abscisic acid (ABA), or salt stress. Long-term exposure to PEG (drought stress) or NaCl (salt stress) repressed seedling growth. We investigated the expression patterns of zma-miR169s and their target ZmNF-YA genes in maize leaves and found diverse changes in expression in response to the three stress treatments. The expression of most zma-miR169 genes was downregulated by PEG and upregulated by ABA. In response to salt stress, zma-miR169 genes were upregulated initially and subsequently downregulated. Most ZmNF-YA genes were upregulated during the short term and downregulated by 15. days in response to the three stress treatments. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Sun Z.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Sun Z.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zhang D.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Zhang D.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Flue gas as carbon source for microalgae culture has been applied to reduce the high cost of production. However, low mass transfer efficiency owing to the low CO2 partial pressure in flue gas limited its utilization. In this work, monoethanolamine was proposed to enhance CO2 utilization and microalgal biomass production. RESULTS: In abiotic absorption experiments, the total inorganic carbon concentration in the medium increased with the increase of monoethanolamine concentration and the CO2 absorptivity remained above 60% for a considerable pH range (6.5-10.0). The biomass productivity and lipid productivity of Scenedesmus dimorphus were enhanced with monoethanolamine ranging from 0 to 100mgL-1. When 100mgL-1 monoethanolamine was added, the CO2 utilization efficiency reached 76.1%, which was much higher than the 44.5% obtained in routine culture. The growth of cells was inhibited with monoethanolamine concentration exceeding 150mgL-1. The changes of net photosynthetic activity revealed that the oxygen evolving complex might be injured by the higher concentration of monoethanolamine. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that the incorporation of monoethanolamine could be a promising solution to the problem of low CO2 utilization efficiency and low biomass productivity in the microalgae culture system. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.


PubMed | Shenzhen Nongke Group CO. and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular sciences | Year: 2014

Zea mays is an economically important crop, but its molecular mechanism of flowering remains largely uncharacterized. The gene, SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1), integrates multiple flowering signals to regulate floral transition in Arabidopsis. In this study, ZmSOC1 was isolated from Zea mays. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the ZmSOC1 protein contained a highly conserved MADS domain and a typical SOC1 motif. ZmSOC1 protein was localized in the nucleus in protoplasts and showed no transcriptional activation activity in yeast cells. ZmSOC1 was highly expressed in maize reproductive organs, including filaments, ear and endosperm, but expression was very low in embryos; on the other hand, the abiotic stresses could repress ZmSOC1 expression. Overexpression of ZmSOC1 resulted in early flowering in Arabidopsis through increasing the expression of AtLFY and AtAP1. Overall, these results suggest that ZmSOC1 is a flowering promoter in Arabidopsis.


PubMed | Shenzhen Nongke Group CO. and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular microbiology | Year: 2015

The process of single-strand annealing (SSA) repairs DNA double-strand breaks that are flanked by direct repeat sequences through the coordinated actions of a series of proteins implicated in recombination, mismatch repair and nucleotide excision repair (NER). Many of the molecular and mechanistic insights gained in SSA repair have principally come from studies in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, there is little molecular understanding of the SSA pathway in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. To further our understanding of this important process, we established a new chromosome-based SSA assay in fission yeast. Our genetic analyses showed that, although many homologous components participate in SSA repair in these species indicating that some evolutionary conservation, Saw1 and Slx4 are not principal agents in the SSA repair pathway in fission yeast. This is in marked contrast to the function of Saw1 and Slx4 in budding yeast. Additionally, a novel genus-specific protein, Rsf1/Pxd1, physically interacts with Rad16, Swi10 and Saw1 in vitro and in vivo. We find that Rsf1/Pxd1 is not required for NER and demonstrate that, in fission yeast, Rsf1/Pxd1, but not Saw1, plays a critical role in SSA recombination.

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