Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design

Shenzhen, China

Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design

Shenzhen, China
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Chen W.,Peking University | Chen H.,Peking University | Chen H.,Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design | Zheng T.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 11 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2014

Since the advent of molecular markers, crop researchers and breeders have dedicated huge amounts of effort to detecting quantitative trait loci (QTL) in biparental populations for genetic analysis and marker-assisted selection (MAS). In this study, we developed a new time- and cost-effective strategy for genotyping a population of progeny from a rice cross using medium-density single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Using this strategy, 728,362 “high quality” SNPs were identified by resequencing Teqing and Lemont, the parents of the population. We selected 384 informative SNPs that were evenly distributed across the genome for genotyping the biparental population using the Illumina GoldenGate assay. 335 (87.2 %) validated SNPs were used for further genetic analyses. After removing segregation distortion markers, 321 SNPs were used for linkage map construction and QTL mapping. This strategy generated SNP markers distributed more evenly across the genome than previous SSR assays. Taking the GW5 gene that controls grain shape as an example, our strategy provided higher accuracy (0.8 Mb) and significance (LOD 5.5 and 10.1) in QTL mapping than SSR analysis. Our study thus provides a rapid and efficient strategy for genetic studies and QTL mapping using SNP genotyping assays. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.

Chen H.,Peking University | Chen H.,Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design | He H.,Peking University | He H.,Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design | And 5 more authors.
Current Opinion in Plant Biology | Year: 2013

Breeding by design has been an aspiration of researchers in the plant sciences for a decade. With the rapid development of genomics-based genotyping platforms and available of hundreds of functional genes/alleles in related to important traits, however, it may now be possible to turn this enduring ambition into a practical reality. Rice has a relatively simple genome comparing to other crops, and its genome composition and genetic behavior have been extensively investigated. Recently, rice has been taken as a model crop to perform breeding by design. The essential process of breeding by design is to integrate functional genes/alleles in an ideal genetic background, which requires high throughput genotyping platforms to screen for expected genotypes. With large amount of genome resequencing data and high-throughput genotyping technologies available, quite a number of genomics-based genotyping platforms have been developed. These platforms are widely used in genetic mapping, integration of target traits via marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC), pyramiding, recurrent selection (MARS) or genomic selection (GS). Here, we summarize and discuss recent exciting development of rice genomics-based genotyping platforms and their applications in molecular breeding. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Huang X.,Beijing Normal University | Huang X.,Peking University | Huang X.,Yale University | Ouyang X.,Peking University | And 14 more authors.
Plant Cell | Year: 2012

As sessile organisms, higher plants have evolved the capacity to sense and interpret diverse light signals to modulate their development. In Arabidopsis thaliana, low-intensity and long-wavelength UV-B light is perceived as an informational signal to mediate UV-B-induced photomorphogenesis. Here, we report that the multifunctional E3 ubiquitin ligase, CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS1 (COP1), a known key player in UV-B photomorphogenic responses, is also a UV-B-inducible gene. Two transcription factors, FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 (FHY3) and ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5), directly bind to distinct regulatory elements within the COP1 promoter, which are essential for the induction of the COP1 gene mediated by photomorphogenic UV-B signaling. Absence of FHY3 results in impaired UV-B-induced hypocotyl growth and reduced tolerance against damaging UV-B. Thus, FHY3 positively regulates UV-B-induced photomorphogenesis by directly activating COP1 transcription, while HY5 promotes COP1 expression via a positive feedback loop. Furthermore, FHY3 and HY5 physically interact with each other, and this interaction is diminished by UV-B. Together, our findings reveal that COP1 gene expression in response to photomorphogenic UV-B is controlled by a combinatorial regulation of FHY3 and HY5, and this UV-B-specific working mode of FHY3 and HY5 is distinct from that in far-red light and circadian conditions. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists.

PubMed | South China Agricultural University, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenzhen Institute of Crop Molecular Design, Wilkes University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Plant biotechnology journal | Year: 2016

Analyses of genome variations with high-throughput assays have improved our understanding of genetic basis of crop domestication and identified the selected genome regions, but little is known about that of modern breeding, which has limited the usefulness of massive elite cultivars in further breeding. Here we deploy pedigree-based analysis of an elite rice, Huanghuazhan, to exploit key genome regions during its breeding. The cultivars in the pedigree were resequenced with 7.6 depth on average, and 2.1 million high-quality single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were obtained. Tracing the derivation of genome blocks with pedigree and information on SNPs revealed the chromosomal recombination during breeding, which showed that 26.22% of Huanghuazhan genome are strictly conserved key regions. These major effect regions were further supported by a QTL mapping of 260 recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross of Huanghuazhan and a very dissimilar cultivar, Shuanggui 36, and by the genome profile of eight cultivars and 36 elite lines derived from Huanghuazhan. Hitting these regions with the cloned genes revealed they include numbers of key genes, which were then applied to demonstrate how Huanghuazhan were bred after 30 years of effort and to dissect the deficiency of artificial selection. We concluded the regions are helpful to the further breeding based on this pedigree and performing breeding by design. Our study provides genetic dissection of modern rice breeding and sheds new light on how to perform genomewide breeding by design.

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