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Shenzhen Institute Of Molecular Crop Design, Hunan Wanghua Agricultural Biotechnology Co., Shenzhen Xingwang Bioseed Co. and Xingwang Investment Co. | Date: 2013-11-07

The present disclosure relates to a fertility gene and the use thereof, and relates to the biotechnology field, particularly to a method of plant hybrid breeding including creation of a sterile line and preparation of hybrid seeds, more particularly to a fertility gene FL2, a mutant thereof and use thereof in hybrid breeding.

Liu T.-T.,Peking University | Zhu D.,Peking University | Chen W.,Peking University | Deng W.,CAS Institute of Biophysics | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Plant | Year: 2013

Accumulating evidence suggests that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are both widespread and functionally important in many eukaryotic organisms. In this study, we employed a special size fractionation and cDNA library construction method followed by 454 deep sequencing to systematically profile rice intermediate-size ncRNAs. Our analysis resulted in the identification of 1349 ncRNAs in total, including 754 novel ncRNAs of an unknown functional category. Chromosome distribution of all identified ncRNAs showed no strand bias, and displayed a pattern similar to that observed in protein-coding genes with few chromosome dependencies. More than half of the ncRNAs were centered around the plus-strand of the 5' and 3' termini of the coding regions. The majority of the novel ncRNAs were rice specific, while 78% of the small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) were conserved. Tandem duplication drove the expansion of over half of the snoRNA gene families. Furthermore, 90% of the snoRNA candidates were shown to produce small RNAs between 20-30 nt, 80% of which were associated with ARGONAUT proteins generally, and AGO1b in particular. Overall, our findings provide a comprehensive view of an intermediate-size non-coding transcriptome in a monocot species, which will serve as a useful platform for an in-depth analysis of ncRNA functions. © 2012 The Author.

Chen H.,Peking Yale Joint Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro biotechnology | Xie W.,Huazhong Agricultural University | He H.,Peking Yale Joint Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro biotechnology | Yu H.,China National Seed Group Co. | And 15 more authors.
Molecular Plant | Year: 2014

A high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array is critically important for geneticists and molecular breeders. With the accumulation of huge amounts of genomic re-sequencing data and available technologies for accurate SNP detection, it is possible to design high-density and high-quality rice SNP arrays. Here we report the development of a high-density rice SNP array and its utility. SNP probes were designed by screening more than 10 000 000 SNP loci extracted from the re-sequencing data of 801 rice varieties and an array named RiceSNP50 was produced on the Illumina Infinium platform. The array contained 51 478 evenly distributed markers, 68% of which were within genic regions. Several hundred rice plants with parent/F1 relationships were used to generate a high-quality cluster file for accurate SNP calling. Application tests showed that this array had high genotyping accuracy, and could be used for different objectives. For example, a core collection of elite rice varieties was clustered with fine resolution. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) analysis correctly identified a characterized QTL. Further, this array was successfully used for variety verification and trait introgression. As an accurate high-throughput genotyping tool, RiceSNP50 will play an important role in both functional genomics studies and molecular breeding. © The Author 2013.

Chen Z.,Shenzhen Institute of Molecular Crop Design | Yan W.,Capital Normal University | Wang N.,Shenzhen Institute of Molecular Crop Design | Zhang W.,Shenzhen Institute of Molecular Crop Design | And 5 more authors.
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2014

A pollen defective male sterile rice mutant, osms55, was isolated from an elite indica cultivar HHZ using EMS (ethyl methanesulfonate) mutagenesis strategy. Genetic analysis showed that osms55 was controlled by a single recessive gene. Genome-wide SNP analysis using the high-throughput Illumina Infinium iSelect SNP (50 K) microarray technology indicated that the genetic makeup of osms55 is the same as wild type (WT) HHZ. Using a modified MutMap method, we successfully identified a mutation in the LOC_Os02g40450 (MER3) gene that is co-segregated with the male sterility phenotype. The mutation is located at the intron splice-recognition site, leading to a 15 nucleotide deletion in the fifth exon. Different from the published MutMap method that aligns the mutant pool DNA sequence with the assembled WT genome, the method used in this study was to align the re-sequencing data of the mutant pool DNA and WT HHZ with the Nipponbare reference genome. The resulting SNPs of mutant/Nipponbare and WT HHZ/Nipponbare were further compared to determine the candidate mutant gene. This modified method does not need an assembled WT genome as reference and thus is more cost-effective and widely applicable.

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