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Yu B.,Shenyang University | Guo Q.,Shenyang University | Fan G.,Shenyang University | Ma H.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health | Year: 2011

Aim: To assess the working memory and explore the differential activations of brain areas in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) by performing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans using the categorical N-Back task. Methods: Thirteen right-handed PNE children (M/F = 7:6, average age 11.4 ± 0.8 years) and 15 age-matched, right-handed, healthy controls (M/F = 9:6, 11.3 ± 1.0 years) were recruited for the study. First, intelligence tests were performed using Chinese Wechsler Young Children Scales of Intelligence in PNE children and controls. The full intelligence quotient (FIQ), verbal IQ (VIQ), performance IQ (PIQ) and memory/caution (M/C) factor were measured. After intelligence tests, event-related fMRI scans were performed using the categorical N-Back working memory task on a 3.0T MR scanner. The percent of correct responses (PCR) and the mean reaction time to correct response (mRT) were recorded and compared; fMRI data were analysed using SPM2, the differences in activation were compared with the single subject and between-group levels. Results: The FIQ, VIQ and PIQ in the PNE group were within the normal range and did not significantly differ from the control group (P > 0.05). The M/C factor was statistically significantly lower in the PNE group (P < 0.05). In the N-Back test, PNE children had lower PCR and longer mRT than controls (P < 0.05). A between-group analysis of fMRI data revealed significant attenuation in the left posterior cerebellar lobes of PNE children. Conclusion: PNE children had deficits in working memory, and dysfunction in the left cerebella might be associated with their working memory deficits. © 2011 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians). Source


Zhang G.-J.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University | Zhang Z.,Shenyang University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Resistance to apoptosis is a major obstacle preventing effective therapy for malignancies. Bcl-2 plays a significant role in inhibiting apoptosis. We reconstructed a stable human Bcl-2 transfected cell line, BIU87- Bcl-2, that was derived from the transfection of human bladder carcinoma cell line BIU87 with a plasmid vector containing recombinant Bcl-2 [pcDNA3.1(+)-Bcl-2]. A cell line transfected with the plasmid alone [pcDNA3.1(+)- neo] was also established as a control. BIU87 and BIU87-neo proved sensitive to adriamycin induced apoptosis, while BIU87-Bcl-2 was more resistant. In view of the growing evidence that NF-κB may play an important role in regulating apoptosis, we determined whether Bcl-2 could modulate the activity of NF-κB in bladder carcinoma cells. Stimulation of BIU87, BIU87-neo and BIU87-Bcl-2 with ADR resulted in an increase expression of NF-κB (p<0.001). The expression of NF-κB in BIU87-Bcl-2 was higher than in the other two cases, with a concomitant reduction in the IκBκ protein level. These results suggest that the overexpression of Bcl-2 renders human bladder carcinoma cells resistant to adriamycin -induced cytotoxicity and there is a link between Bcl-2 and the NF-κB signaling pathway in the suppression of apoptosis. Source


Jin Z.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi | Year: 2011

To explore the relationship between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) pregnant women with well-controlled glucose and pregnancy outcomes. Two hundred and fifty-one GDM pregnant women of 24 - 28 weeks in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University were recruited from Mar. 2005 to Mar. 2010. Two hundred and sixteen cases of GDM with well-controlled glucose were defined as glycemic satisfied group, and they were treated by diet therapy (169 cases) or insulin therapy (47 cases). Thirty-five cases with unsatisfied glucose were defined as glycemic unsatisfied group. One hundred and ninety-two healthy pregnant women of 24 - 28 weeks were defined as healthy control group. Serum SHBG and homeostasis model analysis of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) at 24 - 28 weeks and above 36 weeks were measured. GDM was diagnosed by "two-step" method according to the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) criteria. The pregnancy outcomes and complications of the three groups were recorded. (1) Comparison of pregnancy outcomes and complications:glycemic satisfied group was less likely to develop hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (10.6%), premature birth (8.3%), large for gestational age (LGA) (8.8%), neonatal asphyxia (3.7%) and neonatal hypoglycemia (2.3%) compared to glycemic unsatisfied group (42.9%, 34.3%, 31.4%, 22.9% and 11.4%, respectively). And the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). There was no significant difference for incidence of polyhydramnios, pueperal infection, postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia between the two groups (P > 0.05). When compared to healthy control group (7.3%, 2.1%, 4.2%, 2.1% and 1.6%), no significant difference was found for incidence of premature birth (8.3%), pueperal infection (3.2%), postpartum hemorrhage (5.1%), neonatal asphyxia (3.7%) and neonatal hypoglycemia (2.3%, P > 0.05). (2) Comparison of results of 24 - 28 weeks and above 36 weeks: serum SHBG of glycemic satisfied group [(384 ± 88), (457 ± 48) nmol/L] was significantly higher than that of glycemic unsatisfied group [(313 ± 45), (401 ± 73) nmol/L]; HOMA-IR of glycemic satisfied group (5.3 ± 1.1, 5.5 ± 1.1) was significantly lower than that of glycemic unsatisfied group (7.0 ± 1.3, 7.6 ± 1.7; P < 0.01). Serum SHBG of glycemic satisfied group was significantly lower than that of healthy control group [(492 ± 95), (565 ± 40) nmol/L]; and HOMA-IR of glycemic satisfied group (5.3 ± 1.1, 5.5 ± 1.1) was significantly higher than that of healthy control group (3.6 ± 0.6, 3.9 ± 0.5; P < 0.01). FPG of glycemic satisfied group [(5.84 ± 0.28), (5.16 ± 0.13) mmol/L] was significantly lower than that of glycemic unsatisfied group [(6.13 ± 0.16), (5.68 ± 1.14) mmol/L;P < 0.01]. FINS of glycemic satisfied group [(20.4 ± 2.1), (24.1 ± 4.2) mmol/L] was significantly lower than that of glycemic unsatisfied group [(24.7 ± 4.5), (29.9 ± 2.7) mmol/L; P < 0.01]. (3) Correlation analysis. Between 24-28 weeks, SHBG was negatively correlated with HOMA-IR in the three groups (r = -0.952, P < 0.01); and SHBG was negatively correlated with HOMA-IR in glycemic satisfied group (r = -0.903, P < 0.01). Well-controlled glucose can not completely improve maternal and fetal outcomes of GDM pregnant women. High insulin resistance and low serum SHBG can influence pregnancy outcomes. Source


Yu D.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University | Tang S.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
Internal Medicine | Year: 2013

A perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare type of mesenchymal tumor. Cases that arise from the liver are extremely rare. We report a case of a 41-years-old woman suffering from a hepatic PEComa with an emphasis on its imaging findings, primarily those of contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CECT) and sonography. We also conducted a literature review to evaluate imaging findings that could provide some information for preoperative diagnosis. © 2013 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine. Source


Qiao L.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University | Feng Y.,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
Gene | Year: 2012

The associations between polymorphisms of prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA-rs2294008C>T and -rs2976392G>A) and gastric cancer (GC) risk for Eastern Asians have been commonly studied, but the results were conflicting. The aim of the present study was to further assess the associations by the method of meta-analysis. The databases of Medline, Embase and CNKI (up to May 25th, 2011) were retrieved to identify eligible case-control studies. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to present the strength of the associations. In total, eight case-control studies in seven articles with 16792 individuals (9738 cases of GC and 7054 controls) were included in this meta-analysis. Through quantitative analyses, we found that T allele of rs2294008C>T and A allele of rs2976392G>A were significantly associated with increased GC risk [rs2294008C>T: OR (95%CI)=1.31 (1.22-1.42), P z-test<0.001, P heterogeneity=0.166 for TT vs. C carriers; rs2976392G>A: OR (95%CI)=1.36(1.24-1.50), P z-test=0.015, P heterogeneity=0.111 for AA vs. G carriers]. The results of subgroup analyses (according to histopathology, countries and sources of controls) indicated that T allele of rs2294008C>T and A allele rs2976392G>A were associated with increased risk of both intestinal- and diffuse-type GC, and associated with increased risk of GC for Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, PCC and HCC/PHCC. Furthermore, T allele of rs2294008C>T was also associated with increased risk of cardia and non-cardia GC, and associated with increased risk of GC for males and females. Besides those, this meta-analysis also indicated that the interactions between T allele of rs2294008C>T and A allele of rs2976392G>A was associated with increased risk of GC (A-T vs. G-T: OR=1.16, 95%CI=1.06-1.27, P z-test=0.001, P heterogeneity=0.835). Although modest limitations and potential bias cannot be eliminated, this meta-analysis suggests that PSCA -rs2294008C>T and -rs2976392G>A are potential factors of GC development for Eastern Asians, and future work may incorporate these findings and evaluate these variants as potential markers for screening and early diagnosis of GC. © 2011. Source

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