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Hong Y.,Shengjing Hospital | Guo Y.,Central University of Costa Rica | Liu Y.-H.,Shengjing Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: This study was conducted to determine the influence of MACC1 expression on chemotherapy sensitivity in human U251 glioblastoma cells. Materials and Methods: Expression of the MACC1 gene in 49 cases of human brain glioma was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Silencing effects of RNA interference on MACC1 was detected by Western-blotting. Flow cytometry methods and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTT) were used to determine the apoptosis and growth inhibitory rates of the U251 cells with MACC1 silencing. before and after treatment with cisplatin (DDP). Results: MACC1 mRNA in gliomas was up-regulated remarkably, to 158.8% of that in peri-cancerous tissues (P<0.05). The siRNA-MACC1 could inhibit the expression of MACC1 protein significantly (p<0.05), associated with an increase in apoptosis rate from 2.57% to 5.39% in U251 cells and elevation of the growth inhibitory rate from 1.5% to 17.8% (p<0.05 for both). After treatment with DDP at various concentrations (1, 3, 5μg/ml), compared with control U251 cells, the apoptosis rate of MACC1-silenced U251 cells rose from 8.41%, 13.2% and 19.5% to 12.8%, 17.8% and 25.8%; the growth inhibitory rate increased from 16.2%, 19.3% and 24.5% to 23.7%, 28.4% and 36.3%. Conclusions: There is a notable relationship between over-expression of MACC1 and the characteristics of glioma cells. Silencing of MACC1 was found to enhance the apoptosis and growth inhibitory rates of U251 glioma cells, and thereby increase their sensitivity to DDP chemotherapy.


Ge N.,Shengjing Hospital | Wang Z.,Zhongxin Hospital | Sun S.,Shengjing Hospital | Sun S.,Liaoning Medical University | And 8 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the " gold standard" for treating symptomatic gallstones. Innovative methods, such as a scarless therapeutic procedure through a natural orifice are being introduced, and include transgastric or transcolonic endoscopic cholecystectomy. However, before clinical implementation, instruments still need modification, and a more convenient treatment is still needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic internal gallbladder therapy such as cholecystolithotomy in an animal survival model.Methods: Four pigs underwent endoscopic-ultrasound (EUS)-guided cholecystogastrostomy and the placement of a novel covered mental stent. Four weeks later the stents were removed and an endoscope was advanced into the gallbladder via the fistula, and cholecystolithotomy was performed. Two weeks later the pigs were sacrificed, and the healing of the fistulas was assessed.Results: EUS-guided cholecystogastrostomy with mental stent deployment was successfully performed in all the animals. Four weeks after the procedure, the fistulas had formed and all the stents were removed. Endoscopic cholecystolithotomy was performed through each fistula. All the animals survived until they were sacrificed 2 weeks later. The fistulas were found to be completely healed.Conclusions: This study reports the first endoscopic transmural cholecystolithotomy after placement of a novel mental stent in an animal survival model. © 2014 Ge et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Han Y.,General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command | Xu B.,Fu Wai Hospital | Xu K.,General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command | Guan C.,Fu Wai Hospital | And 16 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2016

Background - There are no reports on a large-scale randomized trial exploring optimal dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration after biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent implantation. We sought to report the outcomes of a randomized substudy of the prospective Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness of the Tivoli DES and the Firebird DES for Treatment of Coronary Revascularization (I-LOVE-IT 2) trial. Methods and Results - In the prospective noninferiority randomized I-LOVE-IT 2 trial, 1829 patients allocated to the biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent group were also randomized to receive either 6-month (n=909) or 12-month DAPT (n=920). The primary end points of this noninferiority substudy were 12-month target lesion failure (composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction or clinically indicated target lesion revascularization), and the major secondary end points were 12-month net adverse clinical and cerebral events (composite of all-cause death, all myocardial infarction, stroke, or major bleeding [Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type ≥3]). The 12-month target lesion failure in 6-month DAPT group was comparable with the 12-month DAPT group (6.8% versus 5.9%; difference and 95% confidence interval, 0.87% [-1.37% to 3.11%], P for noninferiority=0.0065). Further follow-up at 18 months showed that incidence of target lesion failure and net adverse clinical and cerebral events were similar between the 2 groups (7.5% versus 6.3%, log-rank P=0.32; 7.8% versus 7.3%, log-rank P=0.60; respectively), as well as their individual end point components. Conclusions - This study indicated noninferiority in safety and efficacy of 6-month versus 12-month DAPT after implantation of a novel biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.


Tang X.B.,Shengjing Hospital | Zhang T.,Hebei University | Wang W.L.,Shengjing Hospital | Yuan Z.W.,The Key Laboratory of Health Ministry for Congenital Malformation | Bai Y.Z.,Shengjing Hospital
PeerJ | Year: 2016

Background. The objectives of this study were to determine the spatiotemporal distribution of human caudal-type homeobox proteins CDX1, CDX2 and CDX4 during development of the hindgut and anorectum in the embryo and to explore the possible roles of CDX genes during morphogenesis of the hindgut and anorectum. Methods. Embryos (89) were cut into sections serially and sagittally. From gestation weeks 4-9, CDX1, CDX2 and CDX4 proteins were detected on the caudal midline by immunohistochemical staining. Results. During week 4, extensive immunoreactivity of CDX1, CDX2 and CDX4 was detected in the dorsal urorectal septum, urogenital sinus and hindgut. From weeks 5-7, CDX1-, CDX2-and CDX4-positive cells were detected mainly in the mesenchyme of the urorectal septum and hindgut. The levels of CDX2 and CDX4 immunoreactivity were lower compared to CDX1. During weeks 8 and 9, the anorectal epithelium stained positive for CDX1 and CDX4, and the anal epithelium was positive for CDX2. Conclusions. The CDX proteins are constantly distributed during development of the hindgut and anorectum and exhibit overlapping distribution patterns in the cloaca/hindgut, suggesting they are important in the morphogenesis of the human hindgut and anorectum. CDX genes might be involved in development of the anorectal epithelium after the rectum has separated from the urorectal septum. © 2016 Tang et al.


Li W.,Shenyang University | Meng J.,Central University of Costa Rica | Li X.,Shenyang University | Hua H.,Shenyang University | And 5 more authors.
Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics | Year: 2012

The aim of this investigation is to look at whether MENK could improve antitumor effect of CD8+ T cell elicited by BMDCs. We investigated the effects of MENK on the differentiation, maturation, and functions of murine BMDC loaded with Rac-1 antigens (RG) and CTL of tumor specific immune response elicited by the BMDC in vitro and in vivo. The production of cytokine IL-12 and TNF-α secreted by BMDCs in the presence of MENK was assayed with ELISA and key surface markers of CD40, CD86, CD83 and MHC-II on the BMDCs were analyzed with use of flow cytometry (FCM). In addition, the activities to induce CD8+ T cell proliferation, along with displayed cytotoxicity of the CD8+ T cells (CTL) by the BMDCs after treatment with MENK were determined with use of FCM as well as MTS. Our results indicated that MENK induced phenotypic and functional maturation of BMDC loaded with RG antigen, as evidenced by higher level of expression of key surface markers and more production of cytokines. Subsequently, the BMDC activated by MENK intensified immune responses mounted by CTL, resulting in stronger antitumor activity. Our results suggest that MENK could be working as an effective immune adjuvant in vaccine preparation for cancer fight and other immune related diseases. We concluded that MENK could be a positive immune modulator in the improved functions of BMDCs loaded with antigen as well as in CD8+ T cell mediated anti-tumor responses. © 2012 Landes Bioscience.


Zhao Y.,Shenyang University | Ma H.,Shenyang University | Wang Y.,Shengjing Hospital | Gao H.,Shengjing Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences | Year: 2010

Aim: FOXP2 was described as the first gene relevant to human speech and language disorders. The main objective of this study was to compare the distribution of FOXP2 gene polymorphisms between patients with speech sound disorder and healthy controls. Methods: Five FOXP2 polymorphisms, rs923875, rs2396722, rs1852469, rs17137124 and rs1456031, were analyzed in 150 patients with speech sound disorder according to DSM-IV, as well as in 140 healthy controls. Coding exons for key domains of FOXP2 were also sequenced in all the patients. Results: Significant differences in the genotype (P = 0.001) and allele (P = 0.0025) frequencies of rs1852469 (located 5′ upstream of the ATG initiator codon) were found between patients and controls. The excess of the T allele in the patients group remained significant after Bonferroni correction (P = 0.0126). Further investigations revealed a risk haplotype: rs2396722T/+rs1852469T. Our screening of key domains did not detect any point mutations in this sample. But we detected heterozygous triplet deletion of the glutamine-encoding region of exon 5 that alter FOXP2 protein sequence in five probands. These changes are predicted to yield a polyglutamine tract reduction from 40 to 39 consecutive glutamines. Conclusions: Our data support a possible role of FOXP2 in the vulnerability to speech sound disorder, which adds further evidence to implicate this gene in speech and language functions. © 2010 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.


Zhao C.,Shenyang University | Bu X.,Shengjing Hospital
Histology and Histopathology | Year: 2012

Aberrant promoter methylation and subsequent silencing of cancer-related genes has been recognized as an important pathway involved in gastric carcinogenesis. In fact, several factors are believed to contribute to its induction in gastric epithelia, including aging, diet, chronic inflammation and infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). However, the underling mechanisms are not completely identified, despite the belief that increased expression or activity of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), or decreased demethylation activity may contribute to the excessive methylation. A great number of genes with promoter methylation have been observed in gastric cancer (GC), among which p16INK4A (p16), Mut L homologue 1 (MLH1), Epithelial-cadherin (Ecadherin), Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3), adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), O(6)- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) and Deathassociated protein kinase (DAPK) have been extensively studied. Unlike the distinct methylation characterization in single genes, methylation analysis of multiple genes may provide more information in risk prediction, early detection, prognosis assessment and chemotherapy choice for GC. Specifically, particular monitoring and screening should be performed on those over 45 years old, with precancerous gastric disease or infection of H. pylori or EBV. As an alternative to tumor tissues, methylation detection in patient sera or gastric washes may also be used in risk prediction and early detection. However, what still poses a great challenge as well as a puzzle is the determination of the very genes that should be used in methylation analysis. Because epigenetic alterations are normally reversible, drugs or chemical compounds with demethylating activity, such as 5-aza- 2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) could be used in the treatment of patients with multiple gene methylation. In view of the adverse effects of 5-aza-dC, DNMT-targeted strategy has been proposed and may prove to be more effective than demethylating agents.


Wang Y.,Shengjing Hospital | Liu J.,Shengjing Hospital
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Gastric bypass is the most popular technique in obesity therapy. We hypothesize that bypass surgery can help to control the body weight in morbid obesity, and this effect can be enhanced by vagus dissection. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were used in this investigation. They were randomly allocated into six groups. Rats in the gastric bypass group (GB1 and GB2) and the bypass with vagus dissection group (VD1 and VD2) received surgery. Rats in the control group (CO1 and CO2) received sham operation. Twenty days later, rats in the CO1, GB1, and VD1 groups were killed and data on body weights, food intakes, fasting glucose, plasma ghrelin and leptin levels, and GHS-R1a and leptin receptor protein expression in the hypothalamus were collected and summarized. One hundred days later, rats in the CO2, GB2, and VD2 groups were also killed and the same experiments were repeated. Results: Body weights of rats were 258±4.2 and 232±2.4 g in the GB1 and VD1 groups, respectively, much lower than the CO1 group (303±6.9 g). Body weights of rats were 316±12.3 and 315±10.3 g in the GB2 and VD2 groups, respectively, much lower than the CO2 group. Food intake in the VD1 group was lower than in the GB1 group, while there were no statistical differences between the VD2 and GB2 groups. Fasting glucose in the GB1 and GB2 groups was much lower than the CO1 and CO2 groups. Plasma ghrelin concentrations were much lower in the GB1 and VD1 groups compared to the CO1 group. One hundred days after surgery, the ghrelin concentrations in the GB2 and VD2 groups were also much lower than the CO2 group. Leptin concentrations decreased significantly with weight loss after bypass surgery. GHS-R1a protein expression in the hypothalamus was much lower in the GB1 and VD1 groups compared to the CO1 group. GHS-R1a protein expressions in the GB2 and VD2 groups were lower than the CO2 group. There were no statistical differences in leptin receptor expression in the hypothalamus (not shown). Conclusion: Vagus nerve dissection is effective on body weight control in the early stage, but not in the long term. The hypothalamus is important in weight control by modulating ghrelin and leptin expressions. Bypass surgery can modulate the expression of ghrelin and its receptor. Leptin is also modulated by bypass surgery. © 2009 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for treating symptomatic gallstones. Innovative methods, such as a scarless therapeutic procedure through a natural orifice are being introduced, and include transgastric or transcolonic endoscopic cholecystectomy. However, before clinical implementation, instruments still need modification, and a more convenient treatment is still needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic internal gallbladder therapy such as cholecystolithotomy in an animal survival model.Four pigs underwent endoscopic-ultrasound (EUS)-guided cholecystogastrostomy and the placement of a novel covered mental stent. Four weeks later the stents were removed and an endoscope was advanced into the gallbladder via the fistula, and cholecystolithotomy was performed. Two weeks later the pigs were sacrificed, and the healing of the fistulas was assessed.EUS-guided cholecystogastrostomy with mental stent deployment was successfully performed in all the animals. Four weeks after the procedure, the fistulas had formed and all the stents were removed. Endoscopic cholecystolithotomy was performed through each fistula. All the animals survived until they were sacrificed 2 weeks later. The fistulas were found to be completely healed.This study reports the first endoscopic transmural cholecystolithotomy after placement of a novel mental stent in an animal survival model.


PubMed | Shengjing Hospital
Type: | Journal: BMJ case reports | Year: 2011

We saw two cases of gastrointestinal stroma tumour (GIST) in morbid obese patients 6 months ago. They were diagnosed with endoscopic ultrasonography. We used laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), a new bariatric surgery, in order to treat morbid obesity and GISTs at the same time. After the operation, the GISTs were removed successfully. The body weights and fasting glucose levels decreased significantly. As a result, LSG is a good and simple method in treating GISTs in morbid obese patients.

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