Sheba Center for Regenerative Medicine
Sheba Center for Regenerative Medicine
Perrino C.,University of Naples Federico II |
Barabasi A.-L.,Northeastern University |
Barabasi A.-L.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute |
Barabasi A.-L.,Central European University |
And 30 more authors.
Cardiovascular Research | Year: 2017
Despite advances in myocardial reperfusion therapies, acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury and consequent ischaemic heart failure represent the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized societies. Although different therapeutic interventions have been shown beneficial in preclinical settings, an effective cardioprotective or regenerative therapy has yet to be successfully introduced in the clinical arena. Given the complex pathophysiology of the ischaemic heart, large scale, unbiased, global approaches capable of identifying multiple branches of the signalling networks activated in the ischaemic/reperfused heart might be more successful in the search for novel diagnostic or therapeutic targets. High-throughput techniques allow high-resolution, genome-wide investigation of genetic variants, epigenetic modifications, and associated gene expression profiles. Platforms such as proteomics and metabolomics (not described here in detail) also offer simultaneous readouts of hundreds of proteins and metabolites. Isolated omics analyses usually provide Big Data requiring large data storage, advanced computational resources and complex bioinformatics tools. The possibility of integrating different omics approaches gives new hope to better understand the molecular circuitry activated by myocardial ischaemia, putting it in the context of the human ‘diseasome’. Since modifications of cardiac gene expression have been consistently linked to pathophysiology of the ischaemic heart, the integration of epigenomic and transcriptomic data seems a promising approach to identify crucial disease networks. Thus, the scope of this Position Paper will be to highlight potentials and limitations of these approaches, and to provide recommendations to optimize the search for novel diagnostic or therapeutic targets for acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury and ischaemic heart failure in the post-genomic era. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
Amit U.,Tel Aviv University |
Amit U.,Sheba Center for Regenerative Medicine |
Amit U.,Tamman Cardiovascular Research Institute |
Amit U.,Sheba Medical Center |
And 32 more authors.
Journal of the American Heart Association | Year: 2017
Background- The immune system plays a pivotal role in myocardial homeostasis and response to injury. Interleukins-4 and -13 are anti-inflammatory type-2 cytokines, signaling via the common interleukin-13 receptor α1 chain and the type-2 interleukin-4 receptor. The role of interleukin-13 receptor α1 in the heart is unknown. Methods and Results- We analyzed myocardial samples from human donors (n=136) and patients with end-stage heart failure (n=177). We found that the interleukin-13 receptor α1 is present in the myocardium and, together with the complementary type-2 interleukin-4 receptor chain Il4ra, is significantly downregulated in the hearts of patients with heart failure. Next, we showed that Il13ra1-deficient mice develop severe myocardial dysfunction and dyssynchrony compared to wild-type mice (left ventricular ejection fraction 29.7±9.9 versus 45.0±8.0; P=0.004, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter 4.2±0.2 versus 3.92±0.3; P=0.03). A bioinformatic analysis of mouse hearts indicated that interleukin-13 receptor α1 regulates critical pathways in the heart other than the immune system, such as extracellular matrix (normalized enrichment score=1.90; false discovery rate q=0.005) and glucose metabolism (normalized enrichment score=-2.36; false discovery rate q=0). Deficiency of Il13ra1 was associated with reduced collagen deposition under normal and pressure-overload conditions. Conclusions- The results of our studies in humans and mice indicate, for the first time, a role of interleukin-13 receptor α1 in myocardial homeostasis and heart failure and suggests a new therapeutic target to treat heart disease. © 2017 The Authors.
Ben-Mordechai T.,Tel Aviv University |
Ben-Mordechai T.,Tamman Cardiovascular Research Institute |
Ben-Mordechai T.,Sheba Center for Regenerative Medicine |
Kain D.,Tel Aviv University |
And 19 more authors.
Journal of Controlled Release | Year: 2017
Uncontrolled activation of pro-inflammatory macrophages after myocardial infarction (MI) accelerates adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction. Hemin, an iron-containing porphyrin, activates heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme with anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective properties. We sought to determine the effects of hemin formulated in a macrophage-targeted lipid-based carrier (denoted HA-LP) on LV remodeling and function after MI. Hemin encapsulation efficiency was ~ 100% at therapeutic dose levels. In vitro, hemin/HA-LP abolished TNF-α secretion from macrophages, whereas the same doses of free hemin and drug free HA-LP had no effect. Hemin/HA-LP polarized peritoneal and splenic macrophages toward M2 anti-inflammatory phenotype. We next induced MI in mice and allocated them to IV treatment with hemin/HA-LP (10 mg/kg), drug free HA-LP, free hemin (10 mg/kg) or saline, one day after MI. Active in vivo targeting to infarct macrophages was confirmed with HA-LP doped with PE-rhodamine. LV remodeling and function were assessed by echocardiography before, 7, and 30 days after treatment. Significantly, hemin/HA-LP effectively and specifically targets infarct macrophages, switches infarct macrophages toward M2 anti-inflammatory phenotype, improves angiogenesis, reduces scar expansion and improves infarct-related regional function. In conclusion, macrophage-targeted lipid-based drug carriers with hemin switch macrophages into an anti-inflammatory phenotype, and improve infarct healing and repair. Our approach presents a novel strategy to modulate inflammation and improve infarct repair. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Madonna R.,University of Chieti Pescara |
Madonna R.,Texas Heart Institute |
Van Laake L.W.,University Utrecht |
Davidson S.M.,University College London |
And 18 more authors.
European Heart Journal | Year: 2016
Despite improvements in modern cardiovascular therapy, the morbidity and mortality of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and heart failure (HF) remain significant in Europe and worldwide. Patients with IHD may benefit from therapies that would accelerate natural processes of postnatal collateral vessel formation and/or muscle regeneration. Here, we discuss the use of cells in the context of heart repair, and the most relevant results and current limitations from clinical trials using cell-based therapies to treat IHD and HF. We identify and discuss promising potential new therapeutic strategies that include ex vivo cell-mediated gene therapy, the use of biomaterials and cell-free therapies aimed at increasing the success rates of therapy for IHD and HF. The overall aim of this Position Paper of the ESC Working Group Cellular Biology of the Heart is to provide recommendations on how to improve the therapeutic application of cell-based therapies for cardiac regeneration and repair. © The Author 2016.
Pleniceanu O.,Edmond and Lili Safra Childrens Hospital |
Pleniceanu O.,Sheba Center for Regenerative Medicine |
Pleniceanu O.,Tel Aviv University |
Harari-Steinberg O.,Edmond and Lili Safra Childrens Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2010
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is defined as the inability of the kidneys to remove waste products and excess fluid from the blood. ESRD progresses from earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and occurs when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is below 15 ml/minute/1.73 m2. CKD and ESRD are dramatically rising due to increasing aging population, population demographics, and the growing rate of diabetes and hypertension. Identification of multipotential stem/progenitor populations in mammalian tissues is important for therapeutic applications and for understanding developmental processes and tissue homeostasis. Progenitor populations are ideal targets for gene therapy, cell transplantation, and tissue engineering. The demand for kidney progenitors is increasing due to severe shortage of donor organs. Because dialysis and transplantation are currently the only successful therapies for ESRD, cell therapy offers an alternative approach for kidney diseases. However, this approach may be relevant only in earlier stages of CKD, when kidney function and histology are still preserved, allowing for the integration of cells and/or for their paracrine effects, but not when small and fibrotic end-stage kidneys develop. Although blood- and bone marrow-derived stem cells hold a therapeutic promise, they are devoid of nephrogenic potential, emphasizing the need to seek kidney stem cells beyond known extrarenal sources. Moreover, controversies regarding the existence of a true adult kidney stem cell highlight the importance of studying cell-based therapies using pluripotent cells, progenitor cells from fetal kidney, or dedifferentiated/reprogrammed adult kidney cells. © AlphaMed Press.