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Raleigh, NC, United States

Shaw University, founded as Raleigh Institute, is a private liberal arts institution and historically black university in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. Founded in 1865, it is the oldest HBCU in the Southern United States.Shaw University has been called the mother of African-American colleges in North Carolina, as the founding presidents of North Carolina Central University, Elizabeth City State University, and Fayetteville State University were all Shaw alumni. The founder of Livingstone College studied at Shaw before transferring to Lincoln University. What became North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University was located on Shaw's campus during its first year.Shaw University is affiliated with the General Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and a member of the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. which supports the Shaw University Divinity School. Along with Howard University, Hampton University, Lincoln University, PA and Virginia Union University, Shaw was a co-founding member of the NCAA Division II's Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Conference, the oldest African American athletic association in the U.S. The university has won CIAA championships in Football, Basketball , and Men's Tennis.The University won a 5-year grant with University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill to create a Partnership for the Elimination of Health Disparities for minorities, and a 7-year grant with Johns Hopkins University for Gerontological Research. In 2007, Shaw received $2.5 million from the National Science Foundation to support its Nanoscience and Nanotechnology program. In 2004, Shaw University received $1.1 million from the U.S. Department of Education to develop an Upward Bound Program. Wikipedia.

Whitt-Glover M.C.,Gramercy Research Group | Goldmon M.V.,Shaw University | Karanja N.,Kaiser Permanente | Heil D.P.,Montana State University | Gizlice Z.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Contemporary Clinical Trials | Year: 2012

Physical activity (PA) is low among African American women despite awareness of its positive impact on health. Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills for a Better Life (L.A.D.I.E.S.) compares three strategies for increasing PA among African American women using a cluster randomized, controlled trial. Underactive adult women from 30 churches (n = 15 participants/church) were recruited. Churches were randomized to a faith-based intervention, a non-faith based intervention, or an information only control group. Intervention groups will meet 25 times in group sessions with other women from their church over a 10-month period. Control group participants will receive standard educational material promoting PA. All participants will be followed for an additional 12. months to assess PA maintenance. Data will be collected at baseline, 10, and 22. months. The primary outcome is PA (steps/day, daily moderate-to-vigorous PA). We expect treatment effects indicating that assignment to either of the active interventions is associated with greater magnitude of change in PA compared to the control group. In exploratory analyses, we will test whether changes in the faith-based intervention group are greater than changes in the non-faith-based intervention group. L.A.D.I.E.S. focuses on a significant issue-increasing PA levels-in a segment of the population most in need of successful strategies for improving health. If successful, L.A.D.I.E.S. will advance the field by providing an approach that is successful for initiating and sustaining change in physical activity, which has been shown to be a primary risk factor for a variety of health outcomes, using churches as the point of delivery. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Majumder A.,University of California at Irvine | Sajadi B.,Shaw University
Computer | Year: 2013

Although very large immersive displays that can accommodate current data's scale, resolution, and complexity have progressed rapidly in the past decade and are now accessible to lay consumers, installation and maintenance challenges remain. The Web extra at http://youtu.be/U7yZZJJH8co is a video in which authors Aditi Majumder and Behzad Sajadi demonstrate how multiprojector displays provide a unique sense of presence with their ability to light any visualization surface. © 1970-2012 IEEE.

Lin A.Y.,Shaw University | Lin E.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Journal of Hematology and Oncology | Year: 2015

Program death receptor-1 (PD-1) is upregulated in many tumors and in tumor microenvironment, and PD-1 blockade has led to remarkable immune-based anti-tumor responses in across many tumor types. Pembrolizumab, an anti-programmed death 1 checkpoint inhibitor, resulted in a high rate of immune response in 41 patients with previously treated mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient tumor including colorectal cancer but not in MMR-stable tumor with expectant toxicities. Both immune-based progression-free and overall survival are quite promising and correlate with high mutation loads in the tumor. MMR-deficient tumors made up not an insignificant proportion of GI and GU cancers and are found mostly in younger patients who had better prognosis than MMR-stable tumors. However, MMR-deficient tumors do not respond to cytotoxic chemotherapy as these agents may require intact DNA mismatch repair to be effective. MMR deficiency occurred as a result of mutations in defined DNA repair complex mutations or epigenetics modifications and gene upstream of DNA repair complex. PD-1 blockade represents our first successful shot at one of the Achilles heels of this MMR-deficient tumor goliath. Only coordinated attack on all of its Achilles heels and healing mechanisms can this tumor Goliath be brought down to its knees. © 2015 Lin and Lin.

Ross L.E.,Shaw University | Taylor Y.J.,University of North Carolina at Charlotte | Howard D.L.,Meharry Medical College
Public Health Reports | Year: 2011

Objective. This study examined prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test use among men and identified sociodemographic and health-related characteristics associated with its use over time. Methods. The National Health Interview Survey collected information on PSA test use among 16,058 men ≥40 years of age in 2000 and 2005. We examined two outcomes: (1) having had a recent (within two years) screening PSA test and (2) having had three or more PSA tests in the past five years (to indicate frequent use). Results. Marital status, family history of prostate cancer, and having seen a doctor in the past year differed over time in the unadjusted model. In the adjusted model, recent PSA screening decreased from 2000 to 2005 for single, never-married men, but increased for men with chronic diseases. Frequent PSA test use increased for men with a family history of prostate cancer, men with chronic diseases, and men who had seen a physician in the past year. Significant correlates of higher recent PSA test use included being older, married, and of black race/ethnicity; having higher levels of education and income, health-care coverage, and a usual place of health care; and increased comorbidity. Conclusion. Major organizations are not in agreement about the efficacy of prostate cancer screening; however, men ≥40 years of age continue to use the PSA test. Both recent screening and frequent testing showed variability during the study period and may have implications for the ongoing randomized clinical trials that are expected to clarify whether early detection of prostate cancer with PSA testing increases survival. ©2011 Association of Schools of Public Health.

Cai X.-J.,Shaw University
Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences | Year: 2014

Since the first laparoscopic hepatectomy has been reported in 1991, significant improvement has been made in this procedure. Laparoscopic hepatectomy has been applied as an importent procedure for treatment of hepatic diseases. In the paper, we give a review for present advances in the area of laparoscopic hepatectomy based on literature and our own experience, especially in the aspects of indications, surgical technique and the apparatus for hepatectomy.

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